May 24, 2018
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The Florida Statutes

The 2010 Florida Statutes(including Special Session A)

Title XLVII
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE AND CORRECTIONS
Chapter 985
JUVENILE JUSTICE; INTERSTATE COMPACT ON JUVENILES
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F.S. 985.645
985.645 Protective action response.
(1) For purposes of this section, the term:
(a) “Direct care” means direct contact with youth for the purpose of providing care, supervision, custody, or control of youth in a detention facility, delinquency program, or commitment program within any restrictiveness level, which is operated by the department or by a provider under contract with the department.
(b) “Employee” means any person who exercises direct care. The term “employee” does not include a licensed medical professional, mental health counselor, substance abuse counselor, or social services counselor whose primary responsibilities are to provide treatment to youth in a detention facility, delinquency program, or commitment program within any restrictiveness level, which is operated by the department or by a provider under contract with the department.
(c) “Protective Action Response policy” means the policy governing the use of verbal and physical intervention techniques, mechanical restraints, aerosol and chemical agents, and Tasers by employees.
(d) “Taser” means any mechanism that is designed to emit or project an electronic, magnetic, or other type of charge or shock for the purpose of temporarily incapacitating a person.
(2) The department shall adopt rules under ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 that:
(a) Establish a Protective Action Response policy that:
1. Defines the authorized level of response by an employee to each level of verbal or physical resistance by a youth.
2. Requires the use of verbal intervention techniques as the initial response by an employee to verbal or physical resistance by a youth, except where physical intervention techniques are necessary to prevent:
a. Physical harm to the youth, employee, or another person;
b. Property damage; or
c. The youth from escaping or absconding from lawful supervision.
3. Defines authorized physical intervention techniques and the situations under which employees may use these techniques for youth. Pain compliance techniques and use of less than lethal force shall be prohibited, except where necessary to prevent:
a. Physical harm to the youth, employee, or another person;
b. Property damage; or
c. The youth from escaping or absconding from lawful supervision.

Lethal force shall be prohibited, except where necessary to protect the employee or another person from an imminent threat of great bodily harm or death. Prior authorization by an employee’s supervisor for the use of physical intervention techniques shall be obtained when practical.

4. Defines authorized use of mechanical restraints and the situations under which employees may use such restraints on youth. Prohibited uses of mechanical restraints shall include the use of neck restraints and the securing of a youth to a fixed object. Supervision requirements for youth who are secured in mechanical restraints shall include constant and direct visual monitoring by an employee for purposes of ensuring youth safety and ascertaining indications by the youth that restraints are no longer necessary. Prior authorization by an employee’s supervisor for the use of mechanical restraints shall be obtained when practical.
5. Prohibits the use of aerosol or chemical agents, including, but not limited to, oleoresin capsicum spray and ammonia capsules, on a youth unless required for medical treatment of the youth by a licensed medical professional.
6. Prohibits the use of a Taser on a youth.
(b) Establish training curricula for protective action response certification of employees and instructors. The training curriculum for employee certification shall, at a minimum, require the employee to:
1. Complete instruction on the Protective Action Response policy.
2. Obtain a passing score:
a. On a written examination that tests the employee’s knowledge and understanding of the Protective Action Response policy.
b. During an evaluation by an instructor of the employee’s physically demonstrated ability to implement the Protective Action Response policy.
(c) Require training curricula for protective action response certification of employees to be taught by instructors who have been certified under the training curriculum for protective action response certification of instructors.
(d) Require each employee who was not certified by the department in protective action response prior to July 1, 2006, to receive his or her protective action response certification by September 30, 2006, or within 90 calendar days following his or her date of hire, whichever date is later.
(e) Require any employee who exercises direct care prior to receiving his or her protective action response certification to be directly supervised by an employee who has received his or her protective action response certification.
History.s. 8, ch. 2006-62; s. 22, ch. 2010-113.
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