June 23, 2018
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The Florida Statutes

The 2010 Florida Statutes(including Special Session A)

Title XXXII
REGULATION OF PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS
Chapter 481
ARCHITECTURE, INTERIOR DESIGN, AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
View Entire Chapter
CHAPTER 481
CHAPTER 481
ARCHITECTURE, INTERIOR DESIGN, AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
PART I
ARCHITECTURE AND INTERIOR DESIGN
(ss. 481.201-481.231)
PART II
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
(ss. 481.301-481.329)
PART I
ARCHITECTURE AND INTERIOR DESIGN
481.201 Purpose.
481.203 Definitions.
481.205 Board of Architecture and Interior Design.
481.2055 Authority to make rules.
481.207 Fees.
481.209 Examinations.
481.211 Architecture internship required.
481.213 Licensure.
481.2131 Interior design; practice requirements; disclosure of compensation for professional services.
481.215 Renewal of license.
481.217 Inactive status.
481.219 Certification of partnerships, limited liability companies, and corporations.
481.221 Seals; display of certificate number.
481.222 Architects performing building code inspection services.
481.223 Prohibitions; penalties; injunctive relief.
481.225 Disciplinary proceedings against registered architects.
481.2251 Disciplinary proceedings against registered interior designers.
481.229 Exceptions; exemptions from licensure.
481.231 Effect of part locally.
481.201 Purpose.The primary legislative purpose for enacting this part is to ensure that every architect practicing in this state meets minimum requirements for safe practice. It is the legislative intent that architects who fall below minimum competency or who otherwise present a danger to the public shall be prohibited from practicing in this state. The Legislature further finds that it is in the interest of the public to limit the practice of interior design to interior designers or architects who have the design education and training required by this part or to persons who are exempted from the provisions of this part.
History.ss. 1, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 296, ch. 94-119; s. 1, ch. 95-389; s. 17, ch. 2000-332.
481.203 Definitions.As used in this part:
(1) “Board” means the Board of Architecture and Interior Design.
(2) “Department” means the Department of Business and Professional Regulation.
(3) “Architect” or “registered architect” means a natural person who is licensed under this part to engage in the practice of architecture.
(4) “Certificate of registration” means a license issued by the department to a natural person to engage in the practice of architecture or interior design.
(5) “Certificate of authorization” means a certificate issued by the department to a corporation or partnership to practice architecture or interior design.
(6) “Architecture” means the rendering or offering to render services in connection with the design and construction of a structure or group of structures which have as their principal purpose human habitation or use, and the utilization of space within and surrounding such structures. These services include planning, providing preliminary study designs, drawings and specifications, job-site inspection, and administration of construction contracts.
(7) “Townhouse” is a single-family dwelling unit not exceeding three stories in height which is constructed in a series or group of attached units with property lines separating such units. Each townhouse shall be considered a separate building and shall be separated from adjoining townhouses by the use of separate exterior walls meeting the requirements for zero clearance from property lines as required by the type of construction and fire protection requirements; or shall be separated by a party wall; or may be separated by a single wall meeting the following requirements:
(a) Such wall shall provide not less than 2 hours of fire resistance. Plumbing, piping, ducts, or electrical or other building services shall not be installed within or through the 2-hour wall unless such materials and methods of penetration have been tested in accordance with the Standard Building Code.
(b) Such wall shall extend from the foundation to the underside of the roof sheathing, and the underside of the roof shall have at least 1 hour of fire resistance for a width not less than 4 feet on each side of the wall.
(c) Each dwelling unit sharing such wall shall be designed and constructed to maintain its structural integrity independent of the unit on the opposite side of the wall.
(8) “Interior design” means designs, consultations, studies, drawings, specifications, and administration of design construction contracts relating to nonstructural interior elements of a building or structure. “Interior design” includes, but is not limited to, reflected ceiling plans, space planning, furnishings, and the fabrication of nonstructural elements within and surrounding interior spaces of buildings. “Interior design” specifically excludes the design of or the responsibility for architectural and engineering work, except for specification of fixtures and their location within interior spaces. As used in this subsection, “architectural and engineering interior construction relating to the building systems” includes, but is not limited to, construction of structural, mechanical, plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, ventilating, electrical, or vertical transportation systems, or construction which materially affects lifesafety systems pertaining to firesafety protection such as fire-rated separations between interior spaces, fire-rated vertical shafts in multistory structures, fire-rated protection of structural elements, smoke evacuation and compartmentalization, emergency ingress or egress systems, and emergency alarm systems.
(9) “Registered interior designer” or “interior designer” means a natural person who is licensed under this part.
(10) “Nonstructural element” means an element which does not require structural bracing and which is something other than a load-bearing wall, load-bearing column, or other load-bearing element of a building or structure which is essential to the structural integrity of the building.
(11) “Reflected ceiling plan” means a ceiling design plan which is laid out as if it were projected downward and which may include lighting and other elements.
(12) “Space planning” means the analysis, programming, or design of spatial requirements, including preliminary space layouts and final planning.
(13) “Common area” means an area that is held out for use by all tenants or owners in a multiple-unit dwelling, including, but not limited to, a lobby, elevator, hallway, laundry room, clubhouse, or swimming pool.
(14) “Diversified interior design experience” means experience which substantially encompasses the various elements of interior design services set forth under the definition of “interior design” in subsection (8).
(15) “Interior decorator services” includes the selection or assistance in selection of surface materials, window treatments, wallcoverings, paint, floor coverings, surface-mounted lighting, surface-mounted fixtures, and loose furnishings not subject to regulation under applicable building codes.
(16) “Responsible supervising control” means the exercise of direct personal supervision and control throughout the preparation of documents, instruments of service, or any other work requiring the seal and signature of a licensee under this part.
History.ss. 2, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 27, 48, ch. 82-179; ss. 3, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 297, ch. 94-119; s. 171, ch. 94-218; s. 2, ch. 95-389; s. 1, ch. 2006-276.
481.205 Board of Architecture and Interior Design.
(1) The Board of Architecture and Interior Design is created within the Department of Business and Professional Regulation. The board shall consist of 11 members. Five members must be registered architects who have been engaged in the practice of architecture for at least 5 years; three members must be registered interior designers who have been offering interior design services for at least 5 years and who are not also registered architects; and three members must be laypersons who are not, and have never been, architects, interior designers, or members of any closely related profession or occupation. At least one member of the board must be 60 years of age or older.
(2) Members shall be appointed for 4-year staggered terms.
(3)(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of ss. 455.225, 455.228, and 455.32, the duties and authority of the department to receive complaints and investigate and discipline persons licensed under this part, including the ability to determine legal sufficiency and probable cause; to initiate proceedings and issue final orders for summary suspension or restriction of a license pursuant to s. 120.60(6); to issue notices of noncompliance, notices to cease and desist, subpoenas, and citations; to retain legal counsel, investigators, or prosecutorial staff in connection with the licensed practice of architecture and interior design; and to investigate and deter the unlicensed practice of architecture and interior design as provided in s. 455.228 are delegated to the board. All complaints and any information obtained pursuant to an investigation authorized by the board are confidential and exempt from s. 119.07(1) as provided in s. 455.225(2) and (10).
(b) The board shall contract with a corporation or other business entity pursuant to s. 287.057 to provide investigative, legal, prosecutorial, and other services necessary to perform its duties.
(c) The corporation or business entity shall comply with all the recordkeeping and reporting requirements of s. 455.32 applicable to the scope of the contract and shall report directly to the board in lieu of the department. Records of the corporation or other business entity contracting with the board shall be considered public records as specified in s. 455.32(15).
(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of s. 455.228, the board may use funds in the unlicensed activity account established under s. 455.2281 to perform its duties relating to unlicensed activity under this subsection.
(e) The board shall submit an annual budget request to the department by October 1 of each year for the purpose of funding its activities under this subsection. The department, on behalf of the board, shall submit the budget request unchanged to the Executive Office of the Governor and the Legislature pursuant to s. 216.023.
(f) The board shall issue an annual report on the activities under this subsection by October 1 of each year. The annual report shall be submitted to the Executive Office of the Governor, the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the chairs of the legislative appropriations committees. The report shall describe all of the activities performed under this subsection for the previous fiscal year and shall include, but need not be limited to, the following:
1. The number of complaints received.
2. The number of complaints determined to be legally sufficient.
3. The number of complaints determined to be legally insufficient.
4. The number of complaints dismissed.
5. The number of complaints filed in circuit court.
6. The number of complaints determined to have probable cause.
7. The number of administrative complaints issued and the status of the complaints.
8. The number and nature of disciplinary actions taken by the board.
9. The number and the amount of fines and penalties imposed.
10. The number and the amount of fines and penalties collected.
11. Total revenues received and all expenses incurred by the contractor during the previous fiscal year.
12. Total completed investigations.
13. Total pending investigations.
14. A summary of any audits performed, including financial reports and performance audits of the contractor.
(4) The board may establish by rule minimum procedures, documentation, and other requirements for indicating evidence of the exercise of responsible supervising control by a person licensed under this part in connection with work performed both inside and outside the licensee’s office.
History.ss. 3, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 23, ch. 87-172; ss. 4, 23, 24, 25, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 32, ch. 92-173; s. 298, ch. 94-119; s. 172, ch. 94-218; s. 3, ch. 95-389; s. 1, ch. 2002-274; s. 6, ch. 2004-292; s. 2, ch. 2006-276; s. 2, ch. 2008-134; s. 36, ch. 2010-151.
481.2055 Authority to make rules.The board has authority to adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to implement provisions of this part and chapter 455 conferring duties upon it.
History.s. 1, ch. 85-311; s. 2, ch. 87-50; ss. 5, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 128, ch. 98-166; s. 152, ch. 98-200; s. 188, ch. 2000-160.
481.207 Fees.The board, by rule, may establish separate fees for architects and interior designers, to be paid for applications, examination, reexamination, licensing and renewal, delinquency, reinstatement, and recordmaking and recordkeeping. The examination fee shall be in an amount that covers the cost of obtaining and administering the examination and shall be refunded if the applicant is found ineligible to sit for the examination. The application fee is nonrefundable. The fee for initial application and examination for architects and interior designers may not exceed $775 plus the actual per applicant cost to the department for purchase of the examination from the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards or the National Council of Interior Design Qualifications, respectively, or similar national organizations. The biennial renewal fee for architects may not exceed $200. The biennial renewal fee for interior designers may not exceed $500. The delinquency fee may not exceed the biennial renewal fee established by the board for an active license. The board shall establish fees that are adequate to ensure the continued operation of the board and to fund the proportionate expenses incurred by the department which are allocated to the regulation of architects and interior designers. Fees shall be based on department estimates of the revenue required to implement this part and the provisions of law with respect to the regulation of architects and interior designers.
History.ss. 4, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 79, ch. 83-329; s. 1, ch. 87-327; s. 25, ch. 88-205; ss. 6, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 55, ch. 89-162; s. 4, ch. 91-429; ss. 232, 299, ch. 94-119.
481.209 Examinations.
(1) A person desiring to be licensed as a registered architect shall apply to the department to take the licensure examination. The department shall administer the licensure examination for architects to each applicant who the board certifies:
(a) Has completed the application form and remitted a nonrefundable application fee and an examination fee which is refundable if the applicant is found to be ineligible to take the examination;
(b)1. Is a graduate of a school or college of architecture accredited by the National Architectural Accreditation Board; or
2. Is a graduate of an approved architectural curriculum, evidenced by a degree from an unaccredited school or college of architecture approved by the board. The board shall adopt rules providing for the review and approval of unaccredited schools and colleges of architecture and courses of architectural study based on a review and inspection by the board of the curriculum of accredited schools and colleges of architecture in the United States; and
(c) Has completed, prior to examination, 1 year of the internship experience required by s. 481.211(1).
(2) A person desiring to be licensed as a registered interior designer shall apply to the department for licensure. The department shall administer the licensure examination for interior designers to each applicant who has completed the application form and remitted the application and examination fees specified in s. 481.207 and who the board certifies:
(a) Is a graduate from an interior design program of 5 years or more and has completed 1 year of diversified interior design experience;
(b) Is a graduate from an interior design program of 4 years or more and has completed 2 years of diversified interior design experience;
(c) Has completed at least 3 years in an interior design curriculum and has completed 3 years of diversified interior design experience; or
(d) Is a graduate from an interior design program of at least 2 years and has completed 4 years of diversified interior design experience.

Subsequent to October 1, 2000, for the purpose of having the educational qualification required under this subsection accepted by the board, the applicant must complete his or her education at a program, school, or college of interior design whose curriculum has been approved by the board as of the time of completion. Subsequent to October 1, 2003, all of the required amount of educational credits shall have been obtained in a program, school, or college of interior design whose curriculum has been approved by the board, as of the time each educational credit is gained. The board shall adopt rules providing for the review and approval of programs, schools, and colleges of interior design and courses of interior design study based on a review and inspection by the board of the curriculum of programs, schools, and colleges of interior design in the United States, including those programs, schools, and colleges accredited by the Foundation for Interior Design Education Research. The board shall adopt rules providing for the review and approval of diversified interior design experience required by this subsection.

History.ss. 5, 19, ch. 79-273; s. 357, ch. 81-259; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 7, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 300, ch. 94-119; s. 4, ch. 95-389; s. 5, ch. 96-309; s. 18, ch. 2000-332; s. 3, ch. 2001-269.
481.211 Architecture internship required.
(1) An applicant for licensure as a registered architect shall complete, prior to licensure, an internship of diversified architectural experience approved by the board in the design and construction of structures which have as their principal purpose human habitation or use. The internship shall be for a period of:
(a) Three years for an applicant holding the degree of Bachelor of Architecture; or
(b) Two years for an applicant holding the professional degree of Master of Architecture.
(2) Each applicant for licensure shall complete 1 year of the internship experience required by this section subsequent to graduation from a school or college of architecture as defined in s. 481.209(1).
History.ss. 6, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 8, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 301, ch. 94-119.
481.213 Licensure.
(1) The department shall license any applicant who the board certifies is qualified for licensure and who has paid the initial licensure fee. Licensure as an architect under this section shall be deemed to include all the rights and privileges of licensure as an interior designer under this section.
(2) The board shall certify for licensure by examination any applicant who passes the prescribed licensure examination and satisfies the requirements of ss. 481.209 and 481.211, for architects, or the requirements of s. 481.209, for interior designers.
(3) The board shall certify as qualified for a license by endorsement as an architect or as an interior designer an applicant who:
(a) Qualifies to take the prescribed licensure examination, and has passed the prescribed licensure examination or a substantially equivalent examination in another jurisdiction, as set forth in s. 481.209 for architects or interior designers, as applicable, and has satisfied the internship requirements set forth in s. 481.211 for architects;
(b) Holds a valid license to practice architecture or interior design issued by another jurisdiction of the United States, if the criteria for issuance of such license were substantially equivalent to the licensure criteria that existed in this state at the time the license was issued; provided, however, that an applicant who has been licensed for use of the title “interior design” rather than licensed to practice interior design shall not qualify hereunder; or
(c) Has passed the prescribed licensure examination and holds a valid certificate issued by the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards, and holds a valid license to practice architecture issued by another state or jurisdiction of the United States. For the purposes of this paragraph, any applicant licensed in another state or jurisdiction after June 30, 1984, must also hold a degree in architecture and such degree must be equivalent to that required in s. 481.209(1)(b). Also for the purposes of this paragraph, any applicant licensed in another state or jurisdiction after June 30, 1985, must have completed an internship equivalent to that required by s. 481.211 and any rules adopted with respect thereto.
(4) The board may refuse to certify any applicant who has violated any of the provisions of s. 481.223, s. 481.225, or s. 481.2251, as applicable.
(5) The board may refuse to certify any applicant who is under investigation in any jurisdiction for any act which would constitute a violation of this part or of chapter 455 until such time as the investigation is complete and disciplinary proceedings have been terminated.
(6) The board shall adopt rules to implement the provisions of this part relating to the examination, internship, and licensure of applicants.
(7) For persons whose licensure requires satisfaction of the requirements of ss. 481.209 and 481.211, the board shall, by rule, establish qualifications for certification of such persons as special inspectors of threshold buildings, as defined in ss. 553.71 and 553.79, and shall compile a list of persons who are certified. A special inspector is not required to meet standards for certification other than those established by the board, and the fee owner of a threshold building may not be prohibited from selecting any person certified by the board to be a special inspector. The board shall develop minimum qualifications for the qualified representative of the special inspector who is authorized under s. 553.79 to perform inspections of threshold buildings on behalf of the special inspector.
History.ss. 8, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 9, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 5, ch. 89-66; s. 9, ch. 89-162; s. 4, ch. 91-429; ss. 155, 236, 302, 308, ch. 94-119; ss. 5, 6, ch. 95-389; s. 129, ch. 98-166; s. 38, ch. 2000-141; s. 189, ch. 2000-160.
481.2131 Interior design; practice requirements; disclosure of compensation for professional services.
(1) A registered interior designer is authorized to perform “interior design” as defined in s. 481.203. Interior design documents prepared by a registered interior designer shall contain a statement that the document is not an architectural or engineering study, drawing, specification, or design and is not to be used for construction of any load-bearing columns, load-bearing framing or walls of structures, or issuance of any building permit, except as otherwise provided by law. Interior design documents that are prepared and sealed by a registered interior designer may, if required by a permitting body, be submitted for the issuance of a building permit for interior construction excluding design of any structural, mechanical, plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, ventilating, electrical, or vertical transportation systems or that materially affect lifesafety systems pertaining to firesafety protection such as fire-rated separations between interior spaces, fire-rated vertical shafts in multistory structures, fire-rated protection of structural elements, smoke evacuation and compartmentalization, emergency ingress or egress systems, and emergency alarm systems.
(2) An interior designer shall, before entering into a contract, verbal or written, clearly determine the scope and nature of the project and the method or methods of compensation. The interior designer may offer professional services to the client as a consultant, specifier, or supplier on the basis of a fee, percentage, or markup. The interior designer shall have the responsibility of fully disclosing to the client the manner in which all compensation is to be paid. Unless the client knows and agrees, the interior designer shall not accept any form of compensation from a supplier of goods and services in cash or in kind.
History.ss. 10, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 303, ch. 94-119.
481.215 Renewal of license.
(1) Subject to the requirement of subsection (3), the department shall renew a license upon receipt of the renewal application and renewal fee.
(2) The department shall adopt rules establishing a procedure for the biennial renewal of licenses.
(3) No license renewal shall be issued to an architect or an interior designer by the department until the licensee submits proof satisfactory to the department that, during the 2 years prior to application for renewal, the licensee participated per biennium in not less than 20 hours of at least 50 minutes each per biennium of continuing education approved by the board. The board shall approve only continuing education that builds upon the basic knowledge of architecture or interior design. The board may make exception from the requirements of continuing education in emergency or hardship cases.
(4) The board shall by rule establish criteria for the approval of continuing education courses and providers and shall by rule establish criteria for accepting alternative nonclassroom continuing education on an hour-for-hour basis.
(5) The board shall require, by rule adopted pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54, a specified number of hours in specialized or advanced courses, approved by the Florida Building Commission, on any portion of the Florida Building Code, adopted pursuant to part IV of chapter 553, relating to the licensee’s respective area of practice.
History.ss. 9, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 11, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 1, ch. 90-84; s. 22, ch. 90-228; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 156, ch. 94-119; s. 14, ch. 98-287; s. 120, ch. 2000-141; s. 35, ch. 2001-186; s. 4, ch. 2001-372; s. 127, ch. 2008-4; s. 22, ch. 2009-195.
481.217 Inactive status.
(1) The board may prescribe by rule continuing education requirements as a condition of reactivating a license. The continuing education requirements for reactivating a license for a registered architect may not exceed 12 contact hours for each year the license was inactive. The minimum continuing education requirement for reactivating a license for a registered interior designer shall be those of the most recent biennium plus one-half of the requirements in s. 481.215 for each year or part thereof during which the license was inactive. The board shall only approve continuing education that builds upon the basic knowledge of interior design.
(2) The board shall adopt rules relating to application procedures for inactive status and for the reactivation of inactive licenses.
History.ss. 10, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 112, ch. 83-329; ss. 12, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 26, ch. 91-137; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 233, ch. 94-119.
481.219 Certification of partnerships, limited liability companies, and corporations.
(1) The practice of or the offer to practice architecture or interior design by licensees through a corporation, limited liability company, or partnership offering architectural or interior design services to the public, or by a corporation, limited liability company, or partnership offering architectural or interior design services to the public through licensees under this part as agents, employees, officers, or partners, is permitted, subject to the provisions of this section.
(2) For the purposes of this section, a certificate of authorization shall be required for a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, or person practicing under a fictitious name, offering architectural services to the public jointly or separately. However, when an individual is practicing architecture in her or his own name, she or he shall not be required to be certified under this section. Certification under this subsection to offer architectural services shall include all the rights and privileges of certification under subsection (3) to offer interior design services.
(3) For the purposes of this section, a certificate of authorization shall be required for a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, or person operating under a fictitious name, offering interior design services to the public jointly or separately. However, when an individual is practicing interior design in her or his own name, she or he shall not be required to be certified under this section.
(4) All final construction documents and instruments of service which include drawings, specifications, plans, reports, or other papers or documents involving the practice of architecture which are prepared or approved for the use of the corporation, limited liability company, or partnership and filed for public record within the state shall bear the signature and seal of the licensee who prepared or approved them and the date on which they were sealed.
(5) All drawings, specifications, plans, reports, or other papers or documents prepared or approved for the use of the corporation, limited liability company, or partnership by an interior designer in her or his professional capacity and filed for public record within the state shall bear the signature and seal of the licensee who prepared or approved them and the date on which they were sealed.
(6) The department shall issue a certificate of authorization to any applicant who the board certifies as qualified for a certificate of authorization and who has paid the fee set in s. 481.207.
(7) The board shall certify an applicant as qualified for a certificate of authorization to offer architectural or interior design services, provided that:
(a) One or more of the principal officers of the corporation or limited liability company, or one or more partners of the partnership, and all personnel of the corporation, limited liability company, or partnership who act in its behalf in this state as architects, are registered as provided by this part; or
(b) One or more of the principal officers of the corporation or one or more partners of the partnership, and all personnel of the corporation, limited liability company, or partnership who act in its behalf in this state as interior designers, are registered as provided by this part.
(8) The department shall adopt rules establishing a procedure for the biennial renewal of certificates of authorization.
(9) The department shall renew a certificate of authorization upon receipt of the renewal application and biennial renewal fee.
(10) Each partnership, limited liability company, and corporation certified under this section shall notify the department within 30 days of any change in the information contained in the application upon which the certification is based. Any registered architect or interior designer who qualifies the corporation, limited liability company, or partnership as provided in subsection (7) shall be responsible for ensuring responsible supervising control of projects of the entity and upon termination of her or his employment with a partnership, limited liability company, or corporation certified under this section shall notify the department of the termination within 30 days.
(11) No corporation, limited liability company, or partnership shall be relieved of responsibility for the conduct or acts of its agents, employees, or officers by reason of its compliance with this section. However, the architect who signs and seals the construction documents and instruments of service shall be liable for the professional services performed, and the interior designer who signs and seals the interior design drawings, plans, or specifications shall be liable for the professional services performed.
(12) Disciplinary action against a corporation, limited liability company, or partnership shall be administered in the same manner and on the same grounds as disciplinary action against a registered architect or interior designer, respectively.
(13) Nothing in this section shall be construed to mean that a certificate of registration to practice architecture or interior design shall be held by a corporation, limited liability company, or partnership. Nothing in this section prohibits corporations, limited liability companies, and partnerships from joining together to offer architectural, engineering, interior design, surveying and mapping, and landscape architectural services, or any combination of such services, to the public, provided that each corporation, limited liability company, or partnership otherwise meets the requirements of law.
(14) Corporations, limited liability companies, or partnerships holding a valid certificate of authorization to practice architecture shall be permitted to use in their title the term “interior designer” or “registered interior designer.”
History.ss. 7, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 13, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 6, ch. 89-66; s. 10, ch. 89-162; s. 4, ch. 91-429; ss. 119, 304, ch. 94-119; s. 7, ch. 95-389; s. 415, ch. 97-103; s. 1, ch. 2005-124.
481.221 Seals; display of certificate number.
(1) The board shall prescribe, by rule, one or more forms of seals to be used by registered architects holding valid certificates of registration.
(2) Each registered architect shall obtain one seal in a form approved by rule of the board and may, in addition, register her or his seal electronically in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006. All final construction documents and instruments of service which include drawings, plans, specifications, or reports prepared or issued by the registered architect and being filed for public record shall bear the signature and seal of the registered architect who prepared or approved the document and the date on which they were sealed. The signature, date, and seal shall be evidence of the authenticity of that to which they are affixed. Final plans, specifications, or reports prepared or issued by a registered architect may be transmitted electronically and may be signed by the registered architect, dated, and sealed electronically with the seal in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006.
(3) The board shall adopt a rule prescribing the distinctly different seals to be used by registered interior designers holding valid certificates of registration. Each registered interior designer shall obtain a seal as prescribed by the board, and all drawings, plans, specifications, or reports prepared or issued by the registered interior designer and being filed for public record shall bear the signature and seal of the registered interior designer who prepared or approved the document and the date on which they were sealed. The signature, date, and seal shall be evidence of the authenticity of that to which they are affixed. Final plans, specifications, or reports prepared or issued by a registered interior designer may be transmitted electronically and may be signed by the registered interior designer, dated, and sealed electronically with the seal in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006.
(4) No registered architect shall affix, or permit to be affixed, her or his seal or signature to any final construction document or instrument of service which includes any plan, specification, drawing, or other document which depicts work which she or he is not competent to perform.
(5) No registered interior designer shall affix, or permit to be affixed, her or his seal or signature to any plan, specification, drawing, or other document which depicts work which she or he is not competent or licensed to perform.
(6) No registered architect shall affix her or his signature or seal to any final construction document or instrument of service which includes drawings, plans, specifications, or architectural documents which were not prepared by her or him or under her or his responsible supervising control or by another registered architect and reviewed, approved, or modified and adopted by her or him as her or his own work according to rules adopted by the board.
(7) No registered interior designer shall affix her or his signature or seal to any plans, specifications, or other documents which were not prepared by her or him or under her or his responsible supervising control or by another registered interior designer and reviewed, approved, or modified and adopted by her or him as her or his own work according to rules adopted by the board.
(8) Final construction documents or instruments of service which include plans, drawings, specifications, or other architectural documents prepared by a registered architect as part of her or his architectural practice shall be of a sufficiently high standard to clearly and accurately indicate or illustrate all essential parts of the work to which they refer.
(9) Studies, drawings, specifications, and other related documents prepared by a registered interior designer in providing interior design services shall be of a sufficiently high standard to clearly and accurately indicate all essential parts of the work to which they refer.
(10) Each registered architect or interior designer, and each corporation, limited liability company, or partnership holding a certificate of authorization, shall include its certificate number in any newspaper, telephone directory, or other advertising medium used by the registered architect, interior designer, corporation, limited liability company, or partnership. A corporation, limited liability company, or partnership is not required to display the certificate number of individual registered architects or interior designers employed by or working within the corporation, limited liability company, or partnership.
(11) When the certificate of registration of a registered architect or interior designer has been revoked or suspended by the board, the registered architect or interior designer shall surrender her or his seal to the secretary of the board within a period of 30 days after the revocation or suspension has become effective. If the certificate of the registered architect or interior designer has been suspended for a period of time, her or his seal shall be returned to her or him upon expiration of the suspension period.
(12) A person may not sign and seal by any means any final plan, specification, or report after her or his certificate of registration has expired or is suspended or revoked. A registered architect or interior designer whose certificate of registration is suspended or revoked shall, within 30 days after the effective date of the suspension or revocation, surrender her or his seal to the executive director of the board and confirm in writing to the executive director the cancellation of the registered architect’s or interior designer’s electronic signature in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006. When a registered architect’s or interior designer’s certificate of registration is suspended for a period of time, her or his seal shall be returned upon expiration of the period of suspension.
History.ss. 12, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 14, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 416, ch. 97-103; s. 1, ch. 2005-30; s. 2, ch. 2005-124.
481.222 Architects performing building code inspection services.Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person who is currently licensed to practice as an architect under this part may provide building code inspection services described in s. 468.603(6) and (7) to a local government or state agency upon its request, without being certified by the Florida Building Code Administrators and Inspectors Board under part XII of chapter 468. With respect to the performance of such building code inspection services, the architect is subject to the disciplinary guidelines of this part and s. 468.621(1)(c)-(h). Any complaint processing, investigation, and discipline that arise out of an architect’s performance of building code inspection services shall be conducted by the Board of Architecture and Interior Design rather than the Florida Building Code Administrators and Inspectors Board. An architect may not perform plans review as an employee of a local government upon any job that the architect or the architect’s company designed.
History.s. 8, ch. 98-419; s. 11, ch. 99-254; s. 29, ch. 2000-372.
481.223 Prohibitions; penalties; injunctive relief.
(1) A person may not knowingly:
(a) Practice architecture unless the person is an architect or a registered architect; however, a licensed architect who has been licensed by the board and who chooses to relinquish or not to renew his or her license may use the title “Architect, Retired” but may not otherwise render any architectural services.
(b) Practice interior design unless the person is a registered interior designer unless otherwise exempted herein; however, an interior designer who has been licensed by the board and who chooses to relinquish or not to renew his or her license may use the title “Interior Designer, Retired” but may not otherwise render any interior design services.
(c) Use the name or title “architect” or “registered architect,” or “interior designer” or “registered interior designer,” or words to that effect, when the person is not then the holder of a valid license issued pursuant to this part.
(d) Present as his or her own the license of another.
(e) Give false or forged evidence to the board or a member thereof.
(f) Use or attempt to use an architect or interior designer license that has been suspended, revoked, or placed on inactive or delinquent status.
(g) Employ unlicensed persons to practice architecture or interior design.
(h) Conceal information relative to violations of this part.
(2) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (1) commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(3)(a) Notwithstanding chapter 455 or any other law to the contrary, an affected person may maintain an action for injunctive relief to restrain or prevent a person from violating paragraph (1)(a), paragraph (1)(b), or paragraph (1)(c). The prevailing party is entitled to actual costs and attorney’s fees.
(b) For purposes of this subsection, the term “affected person” means a person directly affected by the actions of a person suspected of violating paragraph (1)(a), paragraph (1)(b), or paragraph (1)(c) and includes, but is not limited to, the department, any person who received services from the alleged violator, or any private association composed primarily of members of the profession the alleged violator is practicing or offering to practice or holding himself or herself out as qualified to practice.
History.ss. 14, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 15, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 111, ch. 91-224; s. 4, ch. 91-429; ss. 234, 305, ch. 94-119; s. 417, ch. 97-103; s. 4, ch. 2001-269; s. 3, ch. 2006-276.
481.225 Disciplinary proceedings against registered architects.
(1) The following acts constitute grounds for which the disciplinary actions in subsection (3) may be taken:
(a) Violating any provision of s. 455.227(1), s. 481.221, or s. 481.223, or any rule of the board or department lawfully adopted pursuant to this part or chapter 455.
(b) Attempting to obtain or procure a license to practice architecture by bribery or fraudulent misrepresentations.
(c) Having a license to practice architecture revoked, suspended, or otherwise acted against, including the denial of licensure, by the licensing authority of another state, territory, or country, for any act that would constitute a violation of this part or of chapter 455.
(d) Being convicted or found guilty of, or entering a plea of nolo contendere to, regardless of adjudication, a crime in any jurisdiction which directly relates to the practice of architecture or the ability to practice architecture.
(e) Making or filing a report or record that the licensee knows to be false, willfully failing to file a report or record required by state or federal law, willfully impeding or obstructing such filing, or inducing another person to impede or obstruct such filing. Such reports or records include only those that are prepared in the capacity of a registered architect.
(f) Advertising goods or services in a manner that is fraudulent, false, deceptive, or misleading in form or content.
(g) Committing an act of fraud or deceit, or of negligence, incompetency, or misconduct, in the practice of architecture, including, but not limited to, allowing the preparation of any architectural studies, plans, or other instruments of service in an office that does not have a full-time Florida-registered architect assigned to such office or failing to ensure the responsible supervising control of services or projects, as required by board rule.
(h) Practicing on a revoked, suspended, inactive, or delinquent license.
(i) Aiding, assisting, procuring, or advising any unlicensed person to practice architecture contrary to this part or to a rule of the department or the board.
(j) Failing to perform any statutory or legal obligation placed upon a registered architect.
(k) Attempting to influence or overrule the professional judgment of an architect by an act that, if carried out, would constitute negligence contrary to the exercise of professional judgment in accordance with professionally accepted standards of practice or would threaten the public health, safety, or welfare.
(l) Performing building code inspection services under s. 553.791, without satisfying the insurance requirements of that section.
(2) The board shall specify, by rule, what acts or omissions constitute a violation of subsection (1).
(3) When the board finds any registered architect guilty of any of the grounds set forth in subsection (1), it may enter an order imposing one or more of the following penalties:
(a) Denial of an application for licensure.
(b) Revocation or suspension of a license.
(c) Imposition of an administrative fine not to exceed $1,000 for each count or separate offense and a fine of up to $5,000 for matters pertaining to a material violation of the Florida Building Code as reported by a local jurisdiction.
(d) Issuance of a reprimand.
(e) Placement of the registered architect on probation for a period of time and subject to such conditions as the board may specify, including requiring the registered architect to attend continuing education courses or to work under the supervision of another registered architect.
(f) Restriction of the authorized scope of practice by the registered architect.
(4) The department shall reissue the license of a disciplined registered architect upon certification by the board that he or she has complied with all of the terms and conditions set forth in the final order.
History.ss. 15, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 16, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; ss. 235, 308, ch. 94-119; s. 418, ch. 97-103; s. 130, ch. 98-166; s. 15, ch. 98-287; s. 121, ch. 2000-141; s. 190, ch. 2000-160; s. 35, ch. 2001-186; s. 4, ch. 2001-372; s. 3, ch. 2005-30; s. 3, ch. 2005-124; s. 5, ch. 2005-147; s. 60, ch. 2009-195; s. 51, ch. 2010-106.
481.2251 Disciplinary proceedings against registered interior designers.
(1) The following acts constitute grounds for which the disciplinary actions specified in subsection (2) may be taken:
(a) Attempting to obtain, obtaining, or renewing, by bribery, by fraudulent misrepresentation, or through an error of the board, a license to practice interior design;
(b) Having a license to practice interior design revoked, suspended, or otherwise acted against, including the denial of licensure, by the licensing authority of another jurisdiction for any act which would constitute a violation of this part or of chapter 455;
(c) Being convicted or found guilty, regardless of adjudication, of a crime in any jurisdiction which directly relates to the provision of interior design services or to the ability to provide interior design services. A plea of nolo contendere shall create a rebuttable presumption of guilt to the underlying criminal charges. However, the board shall allow the person being disciplined to present any evidence relevant to the underlying charges and the circumstances surrounding her or his plea;
(d) False, deceptive, or misleading advertising;
(e) Failing to report to the board any person who the licensee knows is in violation of this part or the rules of the board;
(f) Aiding, assisting, procuring, or advising any unlicensed person to use the title “interior designer” contrary to this part or to a rule of the board;
(g) Failing to perform any statutory or legal obligation placed upon a registered interior designer;
(h) Making or filing a report which the licensee knows to be false, intentionally or negligently failing to file a report or record required by state or federal law, or willfully impeding or obstructing such filing or inducing another person to do so. Such reports or records shall include only those which are signed in the capacity as a registered interior designer;
(i) Making deceptive, untrue, or fraudulent representations in the provision of interior design services;
(j) Accepting and performing professional responsibilities which the licensee knows or has reason to know that she or he is not competent or licensed to perform;
(k) Violating any provision of this part, any rule of the board, or a lawful order of the board previously entered in a disciplinary hearing;
(l) Conspiring with another licensee or with any other person to commit an act, or committing an act, which would tend to coerce, intimidate, or preclude another licensee from lawfully advertising her or his services;
(m) Acceptance of compensation or any consideration by an interior designer from someone other than the client without full disclosure of the compensation or consideration amount or value to the client prior to the engagement for services, in violation of s. 481.2131(2);
(n) Rendering or offering to render architectural services; or
(o) Committing an act of fraud or deceit, or of negligence, incompetency, or misconduct, in the practice of interior design, including, but not limited to, allowing the preparation of any interior design studies, plans, or other instruments of service in an office that does not have a full-time Florida-registered interior designer assigned to such office or failing to exercise responsible supervisory control over services or projects, as required by board rule.
(2) When the board finds any person guilty of any of the grounds set forth in subsection (1), it may enter an order taking the following action or imposing one or more of the following penalties:
(a) Refusal to approve an application for licensure;
(b) Refusal to renew an existing license;
(c) Revocation or suspension of a license;
(d) Imposition of an administrative fine not to exceed $1,000 for each violation or separate offense and a fine of up to $5,000 for matters pertaining to a material violation of the Florida Building Code as reported by a local jurisdiction; or
(e) Issuance of a reprimand.
History.ss. 17, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 306, ch. 94-119; s. 419, ch. 97-103; s. 131, ch. 98-166; s. 16, ch. 98-287; s. 122, ch. 2000-141; s. 191, ch. 2000-160; s. 35, ch. 2001-186; s. 4, ch. 2001-372; s. 4, ch. 2005-124.
481.229 Exceptions; exemptions from licensure.
(1) No person shall be required to qualify as an architect in order to make plans and specifications for, or supervise the erection, enlargement, or alteration of:
(a) Any building upon any farm for the use of any farmer, regardless of the cost of the building;
(b) Any one-family or two-family residence building, townhouse, or domestic outbuilding appurtenant to any one-family or two-family residence, regardless of cost; or
(c) Any other type of building costing less than $25,000, except a school, auditorium, or other building intended for public use, provided that the services of a registered architect shall not be required for minor school projects pursuant to s. 1013.45.
(2) Nothing contained in this part shall be construed to prevent any employee of an architect from acting in any capacity under the instruction, control, or supervision of the architect or to prevent any person from acting as a contractor in the execution of work designed by an architect.
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of this part, a general contractor who is certified or registered pursuant to the provisions of chapter 489 is not required to be licensed as an architect when negotiating or performing services under a design-build contract as long as the architectural services offered or rendered in connection with the contract are offered and rendered by an architect licensed in accordance with this chapter.
(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of this part or of any other law, no registered engineer whose principal practice is civil or structural engineering, or employee or subordinate under the responsible supervision or control of the engineer, is precluded from performing architectural services which are purely incidental to his or her engineering practice, nor is any registered architect, or employee or subordinate under the responsible supervision or control of such architect, precluded from performing engineering services which are purely incidental to his or her architectural practice. However, no engineer shall practice architecture or use the designation “architect” or any term derived therefrom, and no architect shall practice engineering or use the designation “engineer” or any term derived therefrom.
(5)(a) Nothing contained in this part shall prevent a registered architect or a partnership, limited liability company, or corporation holding a valid certificate of authorization to provide architectural services from performing any interior design service or from using the title “interior designer” or “registered interior designer.”
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, all persons licensed as architects under this part shall be qualified for interior design licensure upon submission of a completed application for such license and a fee not to exceed $30. Such persons shall be exempt from the requirements of s. 481.209(2). For architects licensed as interior designers, satisfaction of the requirements for renewal of licensure as an architect under s. 481.215 shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements for renewal of licensure as an interior designer under that section. Complaint processing, investigation, or other discipline-related legal costs related to persons licensed as interior designers under this paragraph shall be assessed against the architects’ account of the Regulatory Trust Fund.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, any corporation, partnership, or person operating under a fictitious name which holds a certificate of authorization to provide architectural services shall be qualified, without fee, for a certificate of authorization to provide interior design services upon submission of a completed application therefor. For corporations, partnerships, and persons operating under a fictitious name which hold a certificate of authorization to provide interior design services, satisfaction of the requirements for renewal of the certificate of authorization to provide architectural services under s. 481.219 shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements for renewal of the certificate of authorization to provide interior design services under that section.
(6) This part shall not apply to:
(a) A person who performs interior design services or interior decorator services for any residential application, provided that such person does not advertise as, or represent himself or herself as, an interior designer. For purposes of this paragraph, “residential applications” includes all types of residences, including, but not limited to, residence buildings, single-family homes, multifamily homes, townhouses, apartments, condominiums, and domestic outbuildings appurtenant to one-family or two-family residences. However, “residential applications” does not include common areas associated with instances of multiple-unit dwelling applications.
(b) An employee of a retail establishment providing “interior decorator services” on the premises of the retail establishment or in the furtherance of a retail sale or prospective retail sale, provided that such employee does not advertise as, or represent himself or herself as, an interior designer.
(7) Nothing in this part shall be construed as authorizing or permitting an interior designer to engage in the business of, or to act as, a contractor within the meaning of chapter 489, unless registered or certified as a contractor pursuant to chapter 489.
(8) A manufacturer of commercial food service equipment or the manufacturer’s representative, distributor, or dealer or an employee thereof, who prepares designs, specifications, or layouts for the sale or installation of such equipment is exempt from licensure as an architect or interior designer, if:
(a) The designs, specifications, or layouts are not used for construction or installation that may affect structural, mechanical, plumbing, heating, air conditioning, ventilating, electrical, or vertical transportation systems.
(b) The designs, specifications, or layouts do not materially affect lifesafety systems pertaining to firesafety protection, smoke evacuation and compartmentalization, and emergency ingress or egress systems.
(c) Each design, specification, or layout document prepared by a person or entity exempt under this subsection contains a statement on each page of the document that the designs, specifications, or layouts are not architectural, interior design, or engineering designs, specifications, or layouts and not used for construction unless reviewed and approved by a licensed architect or engineer.
History.ss. 11, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 25, 26, ch. 81-302; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 26, 48, ch. 82-179; s. 3, ch. 83-265; ss. 19, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 2, ch. 89-115; s. 68, ch. 89-162; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 307, ch. 94-119; s. 20, ch. 94-292; s. 8, ch. 95-389; s. 420, ch. 97-103; s. 1026, ch. 2002-387; s. 5, ch. 2005-124; s. 24, ch. 2009-195.
481.231 Effect of part locally.
(1) Nothing in this part shall be construed to repeal, amend, limit, or otherwise affect any specific provision of any local building code or zoning law or ordinance that has been duly adopted, now or hereafter enacted, which is more restrictive, with respect to the services of registered architects or registered interior designers, than the provisions of this part; provided, however, that a licensed architect shall be deemed licensed as an interior designer for purposes of offering or rendering interior design services to a county, municipality, or other local government or political subdivision.
(2) Counties or municipalities which issue building permits shall not issue permits if it is apparent from the application for the building permit that the provisions of this part have been violated; provided, however, that this subsection shall not authorize the withholding of building permits in cases involving the exceptions and exemptions set out in s. 481.229.
History.ss. 13, 19, ch. 79-273; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 20, 23, 24, ch. 88-383; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 308, ch. 94-119; s. 9, ch. 95-389.
PART II
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
481.301 Purpose.
481.303 Definitions.
481.305 Board of Landscape Architecture.
481.306 Authority to make rules.
481.307 Fees.
481.309 Examinations.
481.310 Practical experience requirement.
481.311 Licensure.
481.313 Renewal of license.
481.315 Inactive status.
481.317 Temporary certificates.
481.319 Corporate and partnership practice of landscape architecture; certificate of authorization.
481.321 Seals; display of certificate number.
481.323 Prohibitions; penalties.
481.325 Disciplinary proceedings.
481.329 Exceptions; exemptions from licensure.
481.301 Purpose.The Legislature finds that the regulation of landscape architecture is necessary to assure competent landscape planning and design of public and private environments, prevention of contamination of water supplies, barrier-free public and private spaces, conservation of natural resources through proper land and water management practices, prevention of erosion, energy conservation, functional and aesthetically pleasing environmental contributions to humanity’s psychological and sociological well-being, and an enhancement of the quality of life in a safe and healthy environment and to assure the highest possible quality of the practice of landscape architecture in this state.
History.ss. 1, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 1, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 421, ch. 97-103.
481.303 Definitions.As used in this chapter:
(1) “Board” means the Board of Landscape Architecture.
(2) “Department” means the Department of Business and Professional Regulation.
(3) “Registered landscape architect” means a person who holds a license to practice landscape architecture in this state under the authority of this act.
(4) “Certificate of registration” means a license issued by the department to a natural person to engage in the practice of landscape architecture.
(5) “Certificate of authorization” means a license issued by the department to a corporation or partnership to engage in the practice of landscape architecture.
(6) “Landscape architecture” means professional services, including, but not limited to, the following:
(a) Consultation, investigation, research, planning, design, preparation of drawings, specifications, contract documents and reports, responsible construction supervision, or landscape management in connection with the planning and development of land and incidental water areas, including the use of Florida-friendly landscaping as defined in s. 373.185, where, and to the extent that, the dominant purpose of such services or creative works is the preservation, conservation, enhancement, or determination of proper land uses, natural land features, ground cover and plantings, or naturalistic and aesthetic values;
(b) The determination of settings, grounds, and approaches for and the siting of buildings and structures, outdoor areas, or other improvements;
(c) The setting of grades, shaping and contouring of land and water forms, determination of drainage, and provision for storm drainage and irrigation systems where such systems are necessary to the purposes outlined herein; and
(d) The design of such tangible objects and features as are necessary to the purpose outlined herein.
(7) “Landscape design” means consultation for and preparation of planting plans drawn for compensation, including specifications and installation details for plant materials, soil amendments, mulches, edging, gravel, and other similar materials. Such plans may include only recommendations for the conceptual placement of tangible objects for landscape design projects. Construction documents, details, and specifications for tangible objects and irrigation systems shall be designed or approved by licensed professionals as required by law.
History.ss. 2, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 2, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 8, ch. 91-41; s. 8, ch. 91-68; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 173, ch. 94-218; s. 1, ch. 98-245; s. 27, ch. 2009-243.
481.305 Board of Landscape Architecture.There is created in the Department of Business and Professional Regulation the Board of Landscape Architecture. The board shall consist of seven members, five of whom shall be registered landscape architects and two of whom shall be laypersons who are not and have never been registered landscape architects or members of any closely related profession. Members shall be appointed for 4-year terms.
History.ss. 3, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 3, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 174, ch. 94-218.
481.306 Authority to make rules.The board has authority to adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to implement the provisions of this chapter and chapter 455 conferring duties upon it.
History.s. 1, ch. 80-218; ss. 13, 15, 25, 30, 34, 62, 65, ch. 80-406; s. 2, ch. 81-318; ss. 4, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 132, ch. 98-166; s. 153, ch. 98-200; s. 192, ch. 2000-160.
481.307 Fees.The board, by rule, may establish fees to be paid for applications, examination, reexamination, licensing and renewal, delinquency, reinstatement, and recordmaking and recordkeeping. The examination fee shall be in an amount that covers the costs of obtaining and administering the examination and shall be refunded if the applicant is found ineligible to sit for the examination. The application fee is nonrefundable. The combined fees for initial application and examination may not exceed $800 plus the actual per applicant cost to the department for purchase of portions of the examination from the Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Boards or a similar national organization. The biennial renewal fee may not exceed $600. The delinquency fee may not exceed the biennial renewal fee established by the board for an active license. The board shall establish fees that are adequate to ensure the continued operation of the board and to fund the proportionate expenses incurred by the department which are allocated to the regulation of landscape architects. Fees shall be based on department estimates of the revenue required to implement this part and the provisions of law with respect to the regulation of landscape architects.
History.ss. 4, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 80, ch. 83-329; s. 2, ch. 87-327; s. 26, ch. 88-205; ss. 5, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 56, ch. 89-162; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 237, ch. 94-119.
481.309 Examinations.
(1) A person desiring to be licensed as a registered landscape architect shall apply to the department to take the licensure examination. The department shall examine each applicant who the board certifies:
(a) Has completed the application form and remitted a nonrefundable application fee and an examination fee which is refundable if the applicant is found to be ineligible to take the examination; and
(b)1. Has completed a professional degree program in landscape architecture as approved by the Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board; or
2. Presents evidence of not less than 6 years of actual practical experience in landscape architectural work of a grade and character satisfactory to the board. Each year of education completed in a recognized school shall be considered to be equivalent to 1 year of experience, with a maximum credit of 4 years.
(2) The licensure examination shall include, but not be limited to an examination on the specialized aspects of the practice of landscape architecture in this state.
History.ss. 5, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 81, ch. 83-329; ss. 6, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
481.310 Practical experience requirement.Beginning October 1, 1990, every applicant for licensure as a registered landscape architect shall demonstrate, prior to licensure, 1 year of practical experience in landscape architectural work. The board shall adopt rules providing standards for the required experience. An applicant who qualifies for examination pursuant to s. 481.309(1)(b)1. may obtain the practical experience after completing the required professional degree. Experience used to qualify for examination pursuant to s. 481.309(1)(b)2. may not be used to satisfy the practical experience requirement under this section.
History.ss. 7, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
481.311 Licensure.
(1) The department shall license any applicant who the board certifies is qualified to practice landscape architecture and who has paid the initial licensure fee.
(2) The board shall certify for licensure any applicant who:
(a) Passes the examination required by s. 481.309; and
(b) Satisfies the experience requirement of s. 481.310.
(3) The board shall certify as qualified for a license by endorsement an applicant who:
(a) Qualifies to take the examination as set forth in s. 481.309; and has passed a national, regional, state, or territorial licensing examination which is substantially equivalent to the examination required by s. 481.309; or
(b) Holds a valid license to practice landscape architecture issued by another state or territory of the United States, if the criteria for issuance of such license were substantially identical to the licensure criteria which existed in this state at the time the license was issued.
(4) The board shall certify as qualified for a certificate of authorization any applicant corporation or partnership who satisfies the requirements of s. 481.319.
(5) The board may refuse to certify any applicant who is under investigation in any jurisdiction for any act which would constitute a violation of this act or of chapter 455, until the investigation is complete and disciplinary proceedings have been terminated.
(6) The board may refuse to certify any applicant who has violated any of the provisions of s. 481.325.
History.ss. 7, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 8, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 242, ch. 94-119; s. 133, ch. 98-166; s. 193, ch. 2000-160.
481.313 Renewal of license.
(1) The department shall renew a license upon receipt of the renewal application and fee.
(2) The department shall adopt rules establishing a procedure for the biennial renewal of licenses.
(3) No license renewal shall be issued to a landscape architect by the department until the licensee submits proof, satisfactory to the department, that during the 2-year period prior to application for renewal, the licensee participated in such continuing education courses required by the board. The board shall approve only continuing education courses that relate to and increase the basic knowledge of landscape architecture. The board may make an exception from the requirements of continuing education in emergency or hardship cases.
(4) The board, by rule adopted pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54, shall establish criteria for the approval of continuing education courses and providers, and shall by rule establish criteria for accepting alternative nonclassroom continuing education on an hour-for-hour basis.
(5) The board shall require, by rule adopted pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54, a specified number of hours in specialized or advanced courses, approved by the Florida Building Commission, on any portion of the Florida Building Code, adopted pursuant to part IV of chapter 553, relating to the licensee’s respective area of practice.
History.ss. 8, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 238, ch. 94-119; s. 17, ch. 98-287; s. 123, ch. 2000-141; s. 35, ch. 2001-186; s. 4, ch. 2001-372; s. 128, ch. 2008-4; s. 23, ch. 2009-195.
481.315 Inactive status.
(1) A license that has become inactive or delinquent may be reactivated under this section upon application to the department and payment of any applicable biennial renewal or delinquency fee, or both, and a reactivation fee. The board may prescribe by rule continuing education requirements as a condition of reactivating the license. The continuing education requirements for reactivating a license may not exceed 12 classroom hours for each year the license was inactive.
(2) The board shall adopt rules relating to application procedures for inactive status and for the reactivation of inactive licenses.
History.ss. 9, 18, ch. 79-407; s. 358, ch. 81-259; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; s. 113, ch. 83-329; ss. 9, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 239, ch. 94-119.
481.317 Temporary certificates.
(1) Upon the approval by the board and payment of the fee set in s. 481.307, the department shall grant a temporary certificate of registration for work on a specified project in this state for a period not to exceed 1 year to an applicant who is licensed in another state or territory to practice landscape architecture.
(2) Upon approval by the board and payment of the fee set in s. 481.307, the department shall grant a temporary certificate of authorization for work on one specified project in this state for a period not to exceed 1 year to an out-of-state corporation, partnership, or firm, provided one of the principal officers of the corporation, one of the partners of the partnership, or one of the principals in the fictitiously named firm has obtained a temporary certificate of registration in accordance with subsection (1).
(3) The application for a temporary certificate shall constitute appointment of the Department of State as an agent of the applicant for service of process in any action or proceeding against the applicant arising out of any transaction or operation connected with or incidental to the practice of landscape architecture for which the temporary license was issued.
History.ss. 10, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 10, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429.
481.319 Corporate and partnership practice of landscape architecture; certificate of authorization.
(1) The practice of or offer to practice landscape architecture by registered landscape architects registered under this part through a corporation or partnership offering landscape architectural services to the public, or through a corporation or partnership offering landscape architectural services to the public through individual registered landscape architects as agents, employees, officers, or partners, is permitted, subject to the provisions of this section, if:
(a) One or more of the principal officers of the corporation, or partners of the partnership, and all personnel of the corporation or partnership who act in its behalf as landscape architects in this state are registered landscape architects;
(b) One or more of the officers, one or more of the directors, one or more of the owners of the corporation, or one or more of the partners of the partnership is a registered landscape architect; and
(c) The corporation or partnership has been issued a certificate of authorization by the board as provided herein.
(2) All documents involving the practice of landscape architecture which are prepared for the use of the corporation or partnership shall bear the signature and seal of a registered landscape architect.
(3) An applicant corporation shall file with the department the names and addresses of all officers and board members of the corporation, including the principal officer or officers, duly registered to practice landscape architecture in this state and, also, of all individuals duly registered to practice landscape architecture in this state who shall be in responsible charge of the practice of landscape architecture by the corporation in this state. An applicant partnership shall file with the department the names and addresses of all partners of the partnership, including the partner or partners duly registered to practice landscape architecture in this state and, also, of an individual or individuals duly registered to practice landscape architecture in this state who shall be in responsible charge of the practice of landscape architecture by said partnership in this state.
(4) Each partnership and corporation licensed under this part shall notify the department within 1 month of any change in the information contained in the application upon which the license is based. Any landscape architect who terminates his or her employment with a partnership or corporation licensed under this part shall notify the department of the termination within 1 month.
(5) Disciplinary action against a corporation or partnership shall be administered in the same manner and on the same grounds as disciplinary action against a registered landscape architect.
(6) The fact that registered landscape architects practice landscape architecture through a corporation or partnership as provided in this section shall not relieve any landscape architect from personal liability for his or her professional acts.
History.ss. 6, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 11, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 422, ch. 97-103.
481.321 Seals; display of certificate number.
(1) The board shall prescribe, by rule, one or more forms of seals for use by a registered landscape architect who holds a valid certificate of registration. Each registered landscape architect shall obtain one seal in a form approved by rule of the board and may, in addition, register her or his seal electronically in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006. All final plans, specifications, or reports prepared or issued by the registered landscape architect and filed for public record shall be signed by the registered landscape architect, dated, and stamped or sealed electronically with her or his seal. The signature, date, and seal constitute evidence of the authenticity of that to which they are affixed. Final plans, specifications, or reports prepared or issued by a registered landscape architect may be transmitted electronically and may be signed by the registered landscape architect, dated, and sealed electronically with the seal in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006.
(2) It is unlawful for any person to sign and seal by any means any final plan, specification, or report after her or his certificate of registration is expired, suspended, or revoked. A registered landscape architect whose certificate of registration is suspended or revoked shall, within 30 days after the effective date of the suspension or revocation, surrender her or his seal to the executive director of the board and confirm in writing to the executive director the cancellation of the landscape architect’s electronic signature in accordance with ss. 668.001-668.006. When a landscape architect’s certificate of registration is suspended for a period of time, her or his seal shall be returned upon expiration of the period of suspension.
(3) No registered landscape architect shall affix or permit to be affixed her or his seal or name to any plan, specification, drawing, or other document which was not prepared by her or him or under her or his responsible supervising control or which was not reviewed, approved, or modified, and adopted by her or him as her or his own work with full responsibility as a landscape architect for such documents.
(4) Nothing in this part shall prohibit a registered landscape architect from filing plans of work defined under this part.
(5) Each registered landscape architect and each corporation or partnership holding a certificate of authorization shall include its certificate number in any newspaper, telephone directory, or other advertising medium used by the registered landscape architect, corporation, or partnership. A corporation or partnership is not required to display the certificate numbers of individual registered landscape architects employed by or practicing with the corporation or partnership.
History.ss. 13, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 12, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 423, ch. 97-103; s. 2, ch. 2005-30; s. 6, ch. 2005-124.
481.323 Prohibitions; penalties.
(1) A person may not knowingly:
(a) Practice landscape architecture unless the person is a holder of a valid license issued under this part;
(b) Use the name or title “landscape architect,” “landscape architecture,” “landscape architectural,” “landscape engineering,” “L.A.,” or words to that effect, or advertise any title or description tending to convey the impression that he or she is a landscape architect when he or she is not then the holder of a valid license issued pursuant to this part;
(c) Present as his or her own the license of another;
(d) Give false or forged evidence to the board or a member thereof;
(e) Use or attempt to use a landscape architect license that has been suspended, revoked, or placed on inactive or delinquent status;
(f) Employ unlicensed persons to practice landscape architecture;
(g) Aid and abet an unauthorized person in the practice of landscape architecture; or
(h) Conceal information relative to violations of this part.
(2) Any person who violates any provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
History.ss. 14, 18, ch. 79-407; s. 2, ch. 80-218; ss. 13, 15, 25, 30, 34, 62, 66, ch. 80-406; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 13, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 112, ch. 91-224; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 240, ch. 94-119; s. 424, ch. 97-103.
481.325 Disciplinary proceedings.
(1) The following acts constitute grounds for which the disciplinary actions in subsection (3) may be taken:
(a) Violation of any provision of s. 455.227(1), s. 481.321, or s. 481.323.
(b) Attempting to procure a license to practice landscape architecture by bribery or fraudulent misrepresentations.
(c) Having a license to practice landscape architecture revoked, suspended, or otherwise acted against, including the denial of licensure, by the licensing authority of another state, territory, or country.
(d) Being convicted or found guilty of, or entering a plea of nolo contendere to, regardless of adjudication, a crime in any jurisdiction which directly relates to the practice of landscape architecture or the ability to practice landscape architecture.
(e) Making or filing a report or record that the licensee knows to be false, willfully failing to file a report or record required by state or federal law, willfully impeding or obstructing such filing, or inducing another person to impede or obstruct such filing. Such reports or records include only those that are signed in the capacity of a registered landscape architect.
(f) Advertising goods or services in a manner that is fraudulent, false, deceptive, or misleading in form or content.
(g) Committing an act of fraud or deceit, or of negligence, incompetency, or misconduct, in the practice of landscape architecture.
(h) Violation of any rule adopted pursuant to this part or chapter 455.
(i) Practicing on a revoked, suspended, inactive, or delinquent license.
(j) Aiding, assisting, procuring, or advising any unlicensed person to practice landscape architecture contrary to this part or to any rule of the department or of the board.
(k) Failing to perform any statutory or legal obligation placed upon a licensed landscape architect.
(l) Affixing or permitting to be affixed her or his seal or name to any plan, specification, drawing, or other document which was not prepared by her or him or under her or his responsible supervising control or which was not reviewed, approved, or modified, and adopted by her or him as her or his own work.
(2) The board shall specify, by rule, what acts or omissions constitute a violation of subsection (1).
(3) When the board finds any registered landscape architect guilty of any of the grounds set forth in subsection (1), it may enter an order imposing one or more of the following penalties:
(a) Denial of an application for licensure.
(b) Revocation or suspension of a license.
(c) Imposition of an administrative fine not to exceed $1,000 for each count or separate offense and a fine of up to $5,000 for matters pertaining to a material violation of the Florida Building Code as reported by a local jurisdiction.
(d) Issuance of a reprimand.
(e) Placement of the registered landscape architect on probation for a period of time and subject to such conditions as the board may specify, including requiring the registered landscape architect to attend continuing education courses or to work under the supervision of another registered landscape architect.
(f) Restriction of the authorized scope of practice by the registered landscape architect.
(4) The department shall reissue the license of a disciplined registered landscape architect upon certification by the board that she or he has complied with all of the terms and conditions set forth in the final order.
History.ss. 15, 18, ch. 79-407; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 14, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 241, ch. 94-119; s. 425, ch. 97-103; s. 134, ch. 98-166; s. 18, ch. 98-287; s. 124, ch. 2000-141; s. 194, ch. 2000-160; s. 35, ch. 2001-186; s. 4, ch. 2001-372; s. 4, ch. 2005-30; s. 7, ch. 2005-124; s. 61, ch. 2009-195; s. 52, ch. 2010-106.
481.329 Exceptions; exemptions from licensure.
(1) None of the provisions of this part shall prevent employees of those lawfully practicing as landscape architects from acting under the instructions, control, or supervision of their employers.
(2) None of the provisions of this part shall apply to supervision by builders or superintendents employed by such builders in the installation of landscape projects by landscape contractors.
(3) None of the provisions of this part shall apply to any general contractor certified or registered pursuant to the provisions of chapter 489 when negotiating or performing services under a design-build contract, as long as the landscape architectural services offered or rendered in connection with the contract are offered and rendered by a landscape architect licensed in accordance with this part, or by an architect licensed in accordance with part I or by an engineer licensed in accordance with chapter 471.
(4) This part shall not be deemed to prohibit any person from making any plans, drawings, or specifications for any real or personal property owned by her or him so long as she or he does not use the title, term, or designation “landscape architect,” “landscape architectural,” “landscape architecture,” “L.A.,” “landscape engineering,” or any description tending to convey the impression that she or he is a landscape architect, unless she or he is registered as provided in this part or is exempt from registration under the provisions of this part.
(5) Nothing in this part prohibits any person from engaging in the practice of landscape design, as defined in s. 481.303(7). Persons providing landscape design services shall not use the title, term, or designation “landscape architect,” “landscape architectural,” “landscape architecture,” “L.A.,” “landscape engineering,” or any description tending to convey the impression that she or he is a landscape architect unless she or he is registered as provided in this part.
(6) This part shall not be construed to affect part I of this chapter, chapter 471, or chapter 472, respectively, except that no such person shall use the designation or term “landscape architect,” “landscape architectural,” “landscape architecture,” “L.A.,” “landscape engineering,” or any description tending to convey the impression that she or he is a landscape architect, unless she or he is registered as provided in this part.
(7) Persons who perform landscape architectural services not for compensation, or in their capacity as employees of municipal or county governments, shall not be required to be licensed pursuant to this part. However, persons who are hired under the title “landscape architect” by any state, county, municipality, or other governmental unit of this state after June 30, 1988, shall be required to be licensed pursuant to this part. Nothing herein shall preclude a county or municipal employee from performing the functions of this part for her or his governmental employer under a different title.
(8) Nothing herein contained under this part shall preclude, pursuant to law, the preparation of comprehensive plans or the practice of comprehensive urban or rural planning at the local, regional, or state level by persons, corporations, partnerships, or associations who are not licensed or registered as landscape architects.
(9)(a) Nothing in this part prohibits a person from engaging in the practice of, or offering to practice as, a golf course architect.
(b) As used in this subsection, the term “golf course architect” means a person who performs professional services such as consultation, investigation, reconnaissance, research, design, preparation of drawings and specifications, and responsible supervision, where the predominant purpose of such service is the design of a golf course.
History.ss. 11, 18, ch. 79-407; s. 3, ch. 80-218; ss. 13, 15, 25, 30, 34, 62, 67, ch. 80-406; s. 359, ch. 81-259; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 15, 18, 19, ch. 88-347; s. 4, ch. 89-115; s. 70, ch. 89-162; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 157, ch. 94-119; s. 426, ch. 97-103; s. 2, ch. 98-245; s. 26, ch. 99-7.
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