Florida Senate - 2009 CS for CS for SB 1212
By the Committees on Transportation and Economic Development
Appropriations; and Judiciary; and Senators Constantine,
Gardiner, Baker, Haridopolos, and Altman
1 A bill to be entitled
2 An act relating to public transit; amending s.
3 341.301, F.S.; providing definitions relating to
4 commuter rail service, rail corridors, and railroad
5 operation for purposes of the rail program within the
6 Department of Transportation; amending s. 341.302,
7 F.S.; revising certain citations; revising the time
8 period within which the department must revise the
9 rail system plan and requiring a report; providing
10 additional duties for the department relating to a
11 regional rail system plan; authorizing the department
12 to assume certain liability on a rail corridor;
13 authorizing the department to indemnify and hold
14 harmless a railroad company when the department
15 acquires a rail corridor from the company; providing
16 allocation of risk; providing a specific cap on the
17 amount of the contractual duty for such
18 indemnification; authorizing the department to
19 purchase and provide insurance in relation to rail
20 corridors; authorizing marketing and promotional
21 expenses; extending provisions to other governmental
22 entities providing commuter rail service on public
23 right-of-way; authorizing the closing of the pending
24 Central Florida Rail Corridor acquisition; amending s.
25 212.0606, F.S.; authorizing a county to impose a
26 county surcharge upon the lease or rental of a motor
27 vehicle licensed for hire; requiring that the county
28 surcharge may be used solely to fund the
29 transportation needs of the county as determined by
30 the county commission; requiring the county commission
31 to place the county surcharge on the ballot of the
32 next general election for a vote by the electors;
33 providing an effective date.
35 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
37 Section 1. Section 341.301, Florida Statutes, is amended to
39 341.301 Definitions; ss. 341.302-341.303
ss. 341.302 and
40 341.303.—As used in ss. 341.302-341.303 ss. 341.302 and 341.303,
41 the term:
42 (1) “Branch line continuance project” means a project that
43 involves branch line rehabilitation, new connecting track, rail
44 banking, and other similar types of projects, including those
45 specifically identified in the federal Railroad Revitalization
46 and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976, and subsequent amendments to
47 that act.
48 (2) “Intercity rail transportation system” means the
49 network of railroad facilities used or available for interstate
50 and intrastate passenger and freight operations by railroads,
51 whether or not on a schedule or whether or not restricted.
52 (3) “Rail programs” means those programs administered by
53 the state or other governmental entities which involve projects
54 affecting the movement of people or goods by rail lines that
55 have been or will be constructed to serve freight or passenger
56 markets within a city or between cities.
57 (4) “Rail service development project” means a project
58 undertaken by a public agency to determine whether a new or
59 innovative technique or measure can be utilized to improve or
60 expand rail service. The duration of the project funding shall
61 be limited according to the type of project and in no case shall
62 exceed 3 years. Rail service development projects include those
63 projects and other actions undertaken to enhance railroad
64 operating efficiency or increased rail service, including
65 measures that result in improved speed profiles, operations, or
66 technological applications that lead to reductions in operating
67 costs and increases in productivity or service.
68 (5) “Railroad” or “rail system” means any common carrier
69 fixed-guideway transportation system such as the conventional
70 steel rail-supported, steel-wheeled system. The term does not
71 include a high-speed rail line developed by the Department of
72 Transportation pursuant to ss. 341.8201-341.842.
73 (6) “Railroad capital improvement project” means a project
74 identified by the rail component of the Florida Transportation
75 Plan, which project involves the leasing, acquisition, design,
76 construction, reconstruction, or improvement to the existing
77 intercity rail transportation system or future segments thereof,
78 including such items as locomotives and other rolling stock,
79 tracks, terminals, and rights-of-way for the continuance or
80 expansion of rail service as necessary to ensure the continued
81 effectiveness of the state’s rail facilities and systems in
82 meeting mobility and industrial development needs.
83 (7) “Train” means any locomotive engine that is powered by
84 diesel fuel, electricity, or other means, with or without cars
85 coupled thereto, and operated upon a railroad track or any other
86 form of fixed guideway, except that the term does not include a
87 light rail vehicle such as a streetcar or people mover.
88 (8) “Commuter rail passenger” or “passengers” means all
89 persons, ticketed or unticketed, using the commuter rail service
90 on a department-owned rail corridor:
91 (a) On board trains, locomotives, rail cars, or rail
92 equipment employed in commuter rail service or entraining and
93 detraining therefrom;
94 (b) On or about the rail corridor for any purpose related
95 to the commuter rail service, including, parking, inquiring
96 about commuter rail service, or purchasing tickets therefor, and
97 coming to, waiting for, leaving from, or observing trains,
98 locomotives, rail cars, or rail equipment; or
99 (c) Meeting, assisting, or in the company of any person
100 described in paragraph (a) or paragraph (b).
101 (9) “Commuter rail service” means the transportation of
102 commuter rail passengers and other passengers by rail pursuant
103 to a rail program provided by the department or any other
104 governmental entities.
105 (10) “Rail corridor invitee” means all persons who are on
106 or about a department-owned rail corridor:
107 (a) For any purpose related to any ancillary development
108 thereon; or
109 (b) Meeting, assisting, or in the company of any person
110 described in paragraph (a).
111 (11) “Rail corridor” means a linear contiguous strip of
112 real property that is used for rail service. The term includes
113 the corridor and structures essential to railroad operations,
114 including the land, structures, improvements, rights-of-way,
115 easements, rail lines, rail beds, guideway structures, switches,
116 yards, parking facilities, power relays, switching houses, rail
117 stations, ancillary development, and any other facilities or
118 equipment used for the purposes of construction, operation, or
119 maintenance of a railroad that provides rail service.
120 (12) “Railroad operations” means the use of the rail
121 corridor to conduct commuter rail service, intercity rail
122 passenger service, or freight rail service.
123 (13) “Ancillary development” includes any lessee or
124 licensee of the department, including other governmental
125 entities, vendors, retailers, restaurateurs, or contract service
126 providers, within a department-owned rail corridor, except for
127 providers of commuter rail service, intercity rail passenger
128 service, or freight rail service.
129 (14) “Governmental entity” or “entities” has the same
130 meaning as provided in s. 11.45, including a “public agency” as
131 defined in s. 163.01.
132 Section 2. Section 341.302, Florida Statutes, is amended to
134 341.302 Rail program, duties and responsibilities of the
135 department.—The department, in conjunction with other
136 governmental entities units and the private sector, shall
137 develop and implement a rail program of statewide application
138 designed to ensure the proper maintenance, safety,
139 revitalization, and expansion of the rail system to assure its
140 continued and increased availability to respond to statewide
141 mobility needs. Within the resources provided pursuant to
142 chapter 216, and as authorized under federal law Title 49 C.F.R.
143 part 212, the department shall:
144 (1) Provide the overall leadership, coordination, and
145 financial and technical assistance necessary to assure the
146 effective responses of the state’s rail system to current and
147 anticipated mobility needs.
148 (2) Promote and facilitate the implementation of advanced
149 rail systems, including high-speed rail and magnetic levitation
151 (3) Develop and periodically update the rail system plan,
152 on the basis of an analysis of statewide transportation needs.
153 (a) The plan may contain detailed regional components,
154 consistent with regional transportation plans, as needed to
155 ensure connectivity within the state’s regions, and it shall be
156 consistent with the Florida Transportation Plan developed
157 pursuant to s. 339.155. The rail system plan shall include an
158 identification of priorities, programs, and funding levels
159 required to meet statewide and regional needs. The rail system
160 plan shall be developed in a manner that will assure the maximum
161 use of existing facilities and the optimum integration and
162 coordination of the various modes of transportation, public and
163 private, in the most cost-effective manner possible. The rail
164 system plan shall be updated at least every 5 2 years and
165 include plans for both passenger rail service and freight rail
166 service, accompanied by a report to the Legislature regarding
167 the status of the plan.
168 (b) In recognition of the department’s role in the
169 enhancement of the state’s rail system to improve freight and
170 passenger mobility, the department shall:
171 1. Continue to work closely with all affected communities,
172 including, but not limited to, the City of Lakeland, the City of
173 Plant City, and Polk County, to identify and address anticipated
174 impacts associated with an increase in freight rail traffic;
175 2. In coordination with the affected local governments and
176 CSX Transportation, Inc., finalize all viable alternatives from
177 the department’s Rail Traffic Evaluation Study to identify and
178 develop an alternative route for through-freight rail traffic
179 moving through Central Florida, including Polk and Hillsborough
180 Counties. Following the completion of the department’s
181 alternative rail traffic evaluation, the department shall begin
182 a project development and environmental study that must be
183 reviewed and approved by appropriate federal agencies so that a
184 preferred alternative can be identified which minimizes the
185 impacts associated with freight rail movements along the
186 corridor. This preferred alternative shall become the basis for
187 future development of this freight rail corridor and, with a
188 priority ranking from the Polk Transportation Planning
189 Organization, or its successor, shall be programmed for funding
190 in the department’s work program in a fiscal year no later than
191 10 years from commencement of construction of the CSX Integrated
192 Logistics Center; and
193 3. Provide technical assistance to a coalition of local
194 governments in Central Florida, including the counties of
195 Brevard, Citrus, Hernando, Hillsborough, Lake, Marion, Orange,
196 Osceola, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, Manatee, Sarasota, Seminole,
197 Sumter, and Volusia, and the municipalities within those
198 counties, to develop a regional rail system plan that addresses
199 passenger and freight opportunities in the region, is consistent
200 with the Florida Rail System Plan, and incorporates appropriate
201 elements of the Tampa Bay Area Regional Authority Master Plan,
202 the Metroplan Orlando Regional Transit System Concept Plan,
203 including the Sunrail project, and the Florida Department of
204 Transportation Alternate Rail Traffic Evaluation.
205 (4) As part of the work program of the department,
206 formulate a specific program of projects and financing to
207 respond to identified railroad needs.
208 (5) Provide technical and financial assistance to units of
209 local government to address identified rail transportation
211 (6) Secure and administer federal grants, loans, and
212 apportionments for rail projects within this state when
213 necessary to further the statewide program.
214 (7) Develop and administer state standards concerning the
215 safety and performance of rail systems, hazardous material
216 handling, and operations. Such standards shall be developed
217 jointly with representatives of affected rail systems, with full
218 consideration given to nationwide industry norms, and shall
219 define the minimum acceptable standards for safety and
221 (8) Conduct, at a minimum, inspections of track and rolling
222 stock; train signals and related equipment; hazardous materials
223 transportation, including the loading, unloading, and labeling
224 of hazardous materials at shippers’, receivers’, and transfer
225 points; and train operating practices to determine adherence to
226 state and federal standards. Department personnel may enforce
227 any safety regulation issued under the Federal Government’s
228 preemptive authority over interstate commerce.
229 (9) Assess penalties, in accordance with the applicable
230 federal regulations, for the failure to adhere to the state
232 (10) Administer rail operating and construction programs,
233 which programs shall include the regulation of maximum train
234 operating speeds, the opening and closing of public grade
235 crossings, the construction and rehabilitation of public grade
236 crossings, and the installation of traffic control devices at
237 public grade crossings, the administering of the programs by the
238 department including participation in the cost of the programs.
239 (11) Coordinate and facilitate the relocation of railroads
240 from congested urban areas to nonurban areas when relocation has
241 been determined feasible and desirable from the standpoint of
242 safety, operational efficiency, and economics.
243 (12) Implement a program of branch line continuance
244 projects when an analysis of the industrial and economic
245 potential of the line indicates that public involvement is
246 required to preserve essential rail service and facilities.
247 (13) Provide new rail service and equipment when:
248 (a) Pursuant to the transportation planning process, a
249 public need has been determined to exist;
250 (b) The cost of providing such service does not exceed the
251 sum of revenues from fares charged to users, services purchased
252 by other public agencies, local fund participation, and specific
253 legislative appropriation for this purpose; and
254 (c) Service cannot be reasonably provided by other
255 governmental or privately owned rail systems.
257 The department may own, lease, and otherwise encumber
258 facilities, equipment, and appurtenances thereto, as necessary
259 to provide new rail services; or the department may provide such
260 service by contracts with privately owned service providers.
261 (14) Furnish required emergency rail transportation service
262 if no other private or public rail transportation operation is
263 available to supply the required service and such service is
264 clearly in the best interest of the people in the communities
265 being served. Such emergency service may be furnished through
266 contractual arrangement, actual operation of state-owned
267 equipment and facilities, or any other means determined
268 appropriate by the secretary.
269 (15) Assist in the development and implementation of
270 marketing programs for rail services and of information systems
271 directed toward assisting rail systems users.
272 (16) Conduct research into innovative or potentially
273 effective rail technologies and methods and maintain expertise
274 in state-of-the-art rail developments.
275 (17) In conjunction with the acquisition, ownership,
276 construction, operation, maintenance, and management of a rail
277 corridor, have the authority to:
278 (a) Assume the obligation by contract to forever protect,
279 defend, indemnify, and hold harmless the freight rail operator,
280 or its successors, from whom the department has acquired a real
281 property interest in the rail corridor, and that freight rail
282 operator’s officers, agents, and employees, from and against any
283 liability, cost, and expense, including, but not limited to,
284 commuter rail passengers, rail corridor invitees, and
285 trespassers in the rail corridor, regardless of whether the
286 loss, damage, destruction, injury, or death giving rise to any
287 such liability, cost, or expense is caused in whole or in part,
288 and to whatever nature or degree, by the fault, failure,
289 negligence, misconduct, nonfeasance, or misfeasance of such
290 freight rail operator, its successors, or its officers, agents,
291 and employees, or any other person or persons whomsoever,
292 provided that such assumption of liability of the department by
293 contract shall not in any instance exceed the following
294 parameters of allocation of risk:
295 1. The department may be solely responsible for any loss,
296 injury, or damage to commuter rail passengers, rail corridor
297 invitees, or trespassers, regardless of circumstances or cause,
298 subject to subparagraphs 2., 3., and 4.
299 2. When only one train is involved in an incident, the
300 department may be solely responsible for any loss, injury, or
301 damage if the train is a department train or other train
302 pursuant to subparagraph 3., but in an instance when only a
303 freight rail operator train is involved, the freight rail
304 operator is solely responsible for any loss, injury, or damage,
305 except for commuter rail passengers, rail corridor invitees, and
306 trespassers, and the freight rail operator is solely responsible
307 for its property and all of its people in any instance when its
308 train is involved in an incident.
309 3. For the purposes of this subsection, any train involved
310 in an incident that is neither the department’s train nor the
311 freight rail operator’s train, hereinafter referred to in this
312 subsection as an “other train,” may be treated as a department
313 train, solely for purposes of any allocation of liability
314 between the department and the freight rail operator only, but
315 only if the department and the freight rail operator share
316 responsibility equally as to third parties outside the rail
317 corridor who incur loss, injury, or damage as a result of any
318 incident involving both a department train and a freight rail
319 operator train, and the allocation as between the department and
320 the freight rail operator, regardless of whether the other train
321 is treated as a department train, shall remain one-half each as
322 to third parties outside the rail corridor who incur loss,
323 injury, or damage as a result of the incident. The involvement
324 of any other train shall not alter the sharing of equal
325 responsibility as to third parties outside the rail corridor who
326 incur loss, injury, or damage as a result of the incident.
327 4. When more than one train is involved in an incident:
328 a. If only a department train and freight rail operator’s
329 train, or only another train as described in subparagraph 3. and
330 a freight rail operator’s train, are involved in an incident,
331 the department may be responsible for its property and all of
332 its people, all commuter rail passengers, rail corridor
333 invitees, and trespassers, but only if the freight rail operator
334 is responsible for its property and all of its people, and the
335 department and the freight rail operator each share one-half
336 responsibility as to third parties outside the rail corridor who
337 incur loss, injury, or damage as a result of the incident.
338 b. If a department train, a freight rail operator train,
339 and any other train are involved in an incident, the allocation
340 of liability between the department and the freight rail
341 operator, regardless of whether the other train is treated as a
342 department train, shall remain one-half each as to third parties
343 outside the rail corridor who incur loss, injury, or damage as a
344 result of the incident. The involvement of any other train shall
345 not alter the sharing of equal responsibility as to third
346 parties outside the rail corridor who incur loss, injury, or
347 damage as a result of the incident, and, if the owner, operator,
348 or insurer of the other train makes any payment to injured third
349 parties outside the rail corridor who incur loss, injury, or
350 damage as a result of the incident, the allocation of credit
351 between the department and the freight rail operator as to such
352 payment shall not in any case reduce the freight rail operator’s
353 third-party-sharing allocation of one-half under this paragraph
354 to less than one-third of the total third-party liability.
355 5. Any such contractual duty to protect, defend, indemnify,
356 and hold harmless such a freight rail operator shall expressly
357 include a specific cap on the amount of the contractual duty,
358 which amount shall not exceed $200 million without prior
359 legislative approval, and the department shall purchase
360 liability insurance and establish a self-insurance retention
361 fund in the amount of the specific cap established under this
362 subparagraph, provided that:
363 a. No such contractual duty shall in any case be effective
364 or otherwise extend the department’s liability in scope and
365 effect beyond the contractual liability insurance and self
366 insurance retention fund required pursuant to this paragraph;
368 b. The freight rail operator’s compensation to the
369 department for future use of the department’s rail corridor
370 shall include a monetary contribution to the cost of such
371 liability coverage for the sole benefit of the freight rail
373 (b) Purchase liability insurance, which amount shall not
374 exceed $200 million, and establish a self-insurance retention
375 fund for the purpose of paying the deductible limit established
376 in the insurance policies it may obtain, including coverage for
377 the department, any freight rail operator as described in
378 paragraph (a), commuter rail service providers, governmental
379 entities, or ancillary development. The insureds shall pay a
380 reasonable monetary contribution to the cost of such liability
381 coverage for the sole benefit of the insured. Such insurance and
382 self-insurance retention fund may provide coverage for all
383 damages, including, but not limited to, compensatory, special,
384 and exemplary, and be maintained to provide an adequate fund to
385 cover claims and liabilities for loss, injury, or damage arising
386 out of or connected with the ownership, operation, maintenance,
387 and management of a rail corridor.
388 (c) Incur expenses for the purchase of advertisements,
389 marketing, and promotional items.
391 Neither the assumption by contract to protect, defend,
392 indemnify, and hold harmless; the purchase of insurance; nor the
393 establishment of a self-insurance retention fund shall be deemed
394 to be a waiver of any defense of sovereign immunity for torts
395 nor deemed to increase the limits of the department’s or the
396 governmental entity’s liability for torts as provided in s.
397 768.28. The requirements of s. 287.022(1) shall not apply to the
398 purchase of any insurance hereunder. The provisions of this
399 subsection shall apply and inure fully as to any other
400 governmental entity providing commuter rail service and
401 constructing, operating, maintaining, or managing a rail
402 corridor on publicly owned right-of-way under contract by the
403 governmental entity with the department or a governmental entity
404 designated by the department.
405 (18) (17) Exercise such other functions, powers, and duties
406 in connection with the rail system plan as are necessary to
407 develop a safe, efficient, and effective statewide
408 transportation system.
409 Section 3. The Department of Transportation may complete an
410 escrowed closing on the pending Central Florida Rail Corridor
411 acquisition; however, the drawdown of such escrowed closing
412 shall not occur unless and until final Federal Transit
413 Administration full-funding grant agreement approval is obtained
414 for the proposed Central Florida Commuter Rail Transit Project
415 Initial Operating Segment.
416 Section 4. Subsection (1) of section 212.0606, Florida
417 Statutes, is amended to read:
418 212.0606 Rental car surcharge.—
419 (1)(a) A surcharge of $2.00 per day or any part of a day is
420 imposed upon the lease or rental of a motor vehicle licensed for
421 hire and designed to carry less than nine passengers regardless
422 of whether such motor vehicle is licensed in Florida. The
423 surcharge applies to only the first 30 days of the term of any
424 lease or rental. The surcharge is subject to all applicable
425 taxes imposed by this chapter.
426 (b) A county may impose a county surcharge of $2 per day or
427 any part of a day upon the lease or rental of a motor vehicle
428 licensed for hire and designed to carry fewer than nine
429 passengers, regardless of whether such motor vehicle is licensed
430 in Florida. The county surcharge applies to only the first 30
431 days of the term of any lease or rental. The county surcharge is
432 subject to all applicable taxes imposed by this chapter. The
433 county surcharge is subject to the following conditions:
434 1. The county surcharge may be used solely to fund the
435 transportation needs of the county as determined by the county
437 2. The county surcharge may be imposed only by a super
438 majority vote of the county commission.
439 3. The county commission shall, by a super majority vote at
440 the same meeting at which the county surcharge was authorized,
441 also designate the account or fund into which the proceeds from
442 the county surcharge shall be deposited.
443 4. All funds collected from the county surcharge shall be
444 deposited into the designated account or fund, subject to the
445 applicable taxes imposed by this chapter.
446 5. Funds deposited into the account or fund must be used
447 solely for the purpose of funding transportation needs as
448 determined by the county commission.
449 6. After the county commission votes to impose a county
450 surcharge, the county surcharge shall be applied on the first
451 day of the month following the vote.
452 7. The authority to impose the county surcharge approved by
453 the county commission is effective immediately after the vote
454 and is valid until the day after the following general election.
455 8. The county commission that approved the county surcharge
456 shall cause the question to be placed on the ballot for a vote
457 by the electors of that county at the next general election
458 immediately following the vote of the county commission.
459 9. If a majority of the voters of the county vote in favor
460 of the referendum approving the continuation of the county
461 surcharge, the surcharge continues to be valid.
462 10. If a majority of the voters of the county vote against
463 the referendum approving the continuation of the county
464 surcharge, the county surcharge shall cease to be effective on
465 the next business day following the general election.
466 Section 5. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.