Florida Senate - 2010 CS for CS for SB 550
By the Committees on Governmental Oversight and Accountability;
and Environmental Preservation and Conservation; and Senator
1 A bill to be entitled
2 An act relating to environmental protection; creating
3 part VII of ch. 373, F.S., relating to water supply
4 policy, planning, production, and funding; providing a
5 declaration of policy; providing for the powers and
6 duties of water management district governing boards;
7 requiring the Department of Environmental Protection
8 to develop the Florida water supply plan; providing
9 components of the plan; requiring water management
10 district governing boards to develop water supply
11 plans for their respective regions; providing
12 components of district water supply plans; providing
13 legislative findings and intent with respect to water
14 resource development and water supply development;
15 requiring water management districts to fund and
16 implement water resource development; specifying water
17 supply development projects that are eligible to
18 receive priority consideration for state or water
19 management district funding assistance; encouraging
20 cooperation in the development of water supplies;
21 providing for alternative water supply development;
22 encouraging municipalities, counties, and special
23 districts to create regional water supply authorities;
24 establishing the primary roles of the water management
25 districts in alternative water supply development;
26 establishing the primary roles of local governments,
27 regional water supply authorities, special districts,
28 and publicly owned and privately owned water utilities
29 in alternative water supply development; requiring the
30 water management districts to detail the specific
31 allocations to be used for alternative water supply
32 development in their annual budget submission;
33 requiring that the water management districts include
34 the amount needed to implement the water supply
35 development projects in each annual budget;
36 establishing general funding criteria for funding
37 assistance to the state or water management districts;
38 establishing economic incentives for alternative water
39 supply development; providing a funding formula for
40 the distribution of state funds to the water
41 management districts for alternative water supply
42 development; requiring that funding assistance for
43 alternative water supply development be limited to a
44 percentage of the total capital costs of an approved
45 project; establishing a selection process and
46 criteria; providing for cost recovery from the Public
47 Service Commission; providing selection criteria for
48 submittal of water supply projects to the State Board
49 of Administration; requiring a water management
50 district governing board to conduct water supply
51 planning for each region identified in the district
52 water supply plan; providing procedures and
53 requirements with respect to regional water supply
54 plans; providing for joint development of a specified
55 water supply development component of a regional water
56 supply plan within the boundaries of the Southwest
57 Florida Water Management District; providing that
58 approval of a regional water supply plan is not
59 subject to the rulemaking requirements of the
60 Administrative Procedure Act; requiring the department
61 to submit annual reports on the status of regional
62 water supply planning in each district; providing
63 construction with respect to the water supply
64 development component of a regional water supply plan;
65 requiring water management districts to present to
66 certain entities the relevant portions of a regional
67 water supply plan; requiring certain entities to
68 provide written notification to water management
69 districts as to the implementation of water supply
70 project options; requiring water management districts
71 to notify local governments of the need for
72 alternative water supply projects; requiring water
73 management districts to assist local governments in
74 the development and future revision of local
75 government comprehensive plan elements or public
76 facilities reports related to water resource issues;
77 providing for the creation of regional water supply
78 authorities; providing purpose of such authorities;
79 specifying considerations with respect to the creation
80 of a proposed authority; specifying authority of a
81 regional water supply authority; providing authority
82 of specified entities to convey title, dedicate land,
83 or grant land-use rights to a regional water supply
84 authority for specified purposes; providing
85 preferential rights of counties and municipalities to
86 purchase water from regional water supply authorities;
87 providing exemption for specified water supply
88 authorities from consideration of certain factors and
89 submissions; providing applicability of such
90 exemptions; authorizing the West Coast Regional Water
91 Supply Authority and its member governments to
92 reconstitute the authority’s governance and rename the
93 authority under a voluntary interlocal agreement;
94 providing compliance requirements with respect to the
95 interlocal agreement; providing for supersession of
96 conflicting general or special laws; providing
97 requirements with respect to annual budgets;
98 specifying the annual millage for the authority;
99 authorizing the authority to request the governing
100 board of the district to levy ad valorem taxes within
101 the boundaries of the authority to finance authority
102 functions; providing requirements and procedures with
103 respect to the collection of such taxes; amending ss.
104 120.52, 163.3167, 163.3177, 163.3191, 189.404,
105 189.4155, 189.4156, and 367.021, F.S.; conforming
106 cross-references and removing obsolete provisions;
107 amending s. 373.019, F.S.; redefining the term
108 “alternative water supply” to include conservation
109 projects; amending ss. 373.036, 373.0363, 373.0421,
110 373.0695, 373.223, 373.2234, 373.229, 373.236,
111 373.536, 373.59, 378.212, 378.404, 403.0891, 403.890,
112 403.891, and 682.02, F.S.; conforming cross-references
113 and removing obsolete provisions; renumbering s.
114 373.71, F.S.; relating to the Apalachicola
115 Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin Compact, to clarify
116 retention of the section in part VI of ch. 373, F.S.;
117 repealing s. 373.0361, F.S., relating to regional
118 water supply planning; repealing s. 373.0391, F.S.,
119 relating to technical assistance to local governments;
120 repealing s. 373.0831, F.S., relating to water
121 resource and water supply development; repealing s.
122 373.196, F.S., relating to alternative water supply
123 development; repealing s. 373.1961, F.S., relating to
124 water production and related powers and duties of
125 water management districts; repealing s. 373.1962,
126 F.S., relating to regional water supply authorities;
127 repealing s. 373.1963, F.S., relating to assistance to
128 the West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority;
129 amending s. 373.079, F.S.; deleting the requirement
130 that the district governing board delegate its
131 authority to take final actions; amending s. 373.083,
132 F.S.; deleting the restriction against reviewing
133 delegations by the board under ch. 120, F.S.; amending
134 s. 373.118, F.S.; requiring the board to provide a
135 process for referring certain delegated actions to the
136 governing board for final action; creating s.
137 373.4131, F.S.; providing legislative findings;
138 providing definitions; directing the Department of
139 Environmental Protection, along with the water
140 management districts, to create a statewide uniform
141 stormwater management rule; providing requirements for
142 rule creation; exempting agriculture from the rule;
143 amending s. 403.031, F.S.; modifying the definition of
144 “pollution” to include excess nutrients; providing
145 definitions for “first magnitude spring” and “second
146 magnitude spring”; amending 403.061, F.S.; directing
147 the Department of Environmental Protection to limit
148 nutrients in water bodies; directing the Department of
149 Environmental Protection, along with the water
150 management districts, to create and maintain an
151 online, public database for consumptive use permits;
152 creating s. 403.0675, F.S.; directing the Department
153 of Environmental Protection to establish and implement
154 numeric nutrient criteria that comply with the United
155 States Environmental Protection Agency’s requirements;
156 providing legislative findings; providing requirements
157 for development of the numeric nutrient criteria;
158 amending s. 215.619, F.S.; authorizing the issuance of
159 bonds to be used to finance the management of sewage
160 facilities in the Florida Keys Area; amending s.
161 380.0552, F.S.; revising legislative intent relating
162 to the designation of the Florida Keys as an area of
163 critical state concern; revising the procedures for
164 removing the designation; providing for administrative
165 review of such removal rather than judicial review;
166 authorizing the Administration Commission to adopt
167 rules or revise existing rules; revising the
168 principles guiding development; revising compliance
169 requirements for reviewing comprehensive plan
170 amendments; amending s. 381.0065, F.S.; providing
171 additional legislative intent; providing additional
172 requirements for onsite sewage treatment and disposal
173 systems in Monroe County; providing a definition for
174 “evaluation” and “responsible management entity”;
175 directing the Department of Health, the Department of
176 Community Affairs, and the Department of Environmental
177 Protection to develop guidelines for the creation of
178 responsible management entities; providing for duties
179 and powers of responsible management entities;
180 providing a statewide implementation schedule for
181 responsible management entities; prohibiting the land
182 application of septage after July 1, 2015; amending s.
183 381.00655, F.S.; requiring responsible management
184 entities to pay central sewer connection fees;
185 amending s. 381.0066, F.S.; providing an annual
186 operating permit fee for responsible management
187 entities; directing the Department of Health to
188 evaluate fee schedules set by responsible management
189 entities; providing minimum requirements for the
190 evaluation; amending s. 403.086, F.S.; requiring the
191 Department of Environmental Protection to submit a
192 report on the effects of reclaimed water use;
193 clarifying reuse requirements for domestic wastewater
194 facilities that discharge through ocean outfalls;
195 providing legislative findings and discharge
196 requirements for wastewater facilities in Monroe
197 County; prohibiting the land application of class AA,
198 class A, and class B wastewater residuals; exempting
199 class AA residuals marketed, distributed, and applied
200 as fertilizer, repealing sections 4, 5, and 6 of
201 chapter 99-395, Laws of Florida, as amended, relating
202 to sewage treatment in the Florida Keys; amending ss.
203 11.45 and 403.1835, F.S.; conforming terms to changes
204 made by the renaming the corporation; amending s.
205 403.1837, F.S.; renaming the “Florida Water Pollution
206 Control Financing Corporation” as the “Florida Water
207 Pollution Control and Drinking Water Financing
208 Corporation”; expanding the jurisdiction of the
209 corporation to include loans made from the drinking
210 water state revolving loan fund; amending s. 403.8532,
211 F.S.; providing definitions for the terms “bonds” and
212 “corporation”; conforming provisions to changes made
213 by the act; authorizing the Department of
214 Environmental Protection to adopt certain rules;
215 amending s. 403.8533, F.S.; revising the purposes for
216 the Drinking Water Revolving Loan Trust Fund;
217 providing that the trust fund is exempt from the
218 termination provisions of the State Constitution;
219 creating part IV of ch. 369, F.S.; providing a short
220 title; providing legislative findings and intent with
221 respect to the need to protect and restore springs and
222 ground water; providing definitions; requiring the
223 Department of Environmental Protection to delineate
224 the springsheds of specified springs; requiring the
225 department to adopt spring protection zones by
226 secretarial order; requiring the department to adopt
227 total maximum daily loads and basin management action
228 plans for spring systems; providing requirements for
229 onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems;
230 providing requirements for agricultural operations;
231 authorizing the Department of Environmental
232 Protection, the Department of Health, and the
233 Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services to
234 adopt rules; requiring the water management districts
235 and local governments to evaluate and remediate
236 nitrogen loading and begin implementing management
237 plans within the spring protection zones; amending s.
238 259.105, F.S.; providing priority under the Florida
239 Forever Act for projects within a springs protection
240 zone; amending s. 369.317, F.S.; clarifying mitigation
241 offsets in the Wekiva Study Area; creating s. 373.631,
242 F.S.; providing legislative intent to utilize State
243 University System academic bodies to provide regular
244 science-based policy recommendations to the
245 Legislature; directing that the University of Florida
246 Water Institute be the lead academic body; amending s.
247 553.77, F.S.; directing the Florida Building
248 Commission to recommend products that result in water
249 conservation; amending s. 215.47, F.S.; authorizing
250 the State Board of Administration to make investments
251 in alternative water supply and water resource
252 development projects; amending s. 373.129, F.S.;
253 requiring the water management districts to submit to
254 alternative dispute resolution in conflicts with other
255 governmental entities; amending s. 403.707, F.S.;
256 requiring liners for new construction and demolition
257 debris landfills; amending s. 298.66, F.S.; correcting
258 a scrivener’s error to align statutory effect with
259 legislative intent; amending s. 212.055, F.S.;
260 allowing counties designated as an area of critical
261 state concern to levy a one-cent sales surtax for
262 stormwater and wastewater management; requiring
263 approval of the surtax by voter referendum; providing
264 an effective date.
266 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
268 Section 1. Part VII of chapter 373, Florida Statutes,
269 consisting of sections 373.701, 373.703, 373.705, 373.707,
270 373.709, 373.711, 373.713, and 373.715, is created to read:
271 PART VII
272 WATER SUPPLY POLICY, PLANNING, PRODUCTION, AND FUNDING
273 373.701 Declaration of policy.—It is declared to be the
274 policy of the Legislature:
275 (1) To promote the availability of sufficient water for all
276 existing and future reasonable-beneficial uses and natural
278 (2)(a) Because water constitutes a public resource
279 benefiting the entire state, it is the policy of the Legislature
280 that the waters in the state be managed on a state and regional
281 basis. Consistent with this directive, the Legislature
282 recognizes the need to allocate water throughout the state so as
283 to meet all reasonable-beneficial uses. However, the Legislature
284 acknowledges that such allocations have in the past adversely
285 affected the water resources of certain areas in this state. To
286 protect such water resources and to meet the current and future
287 needs of those areas with abundant water, the Legislature
288 directs the department and the water management districts to
289 encourage the use of water from sources nearest the area of use
290 or application whenever practicable. Such sources shall include
291 all naturally occurring water sources and all alternative water
292 sources, including, but not limited to, desalination,
293 conservation, reuse of nonpotable reclaimed water and
294 stormwater, and aquifer storage and recovery. Reuse of potable
295 reclaimed water and stormwater shall not be subject to the
296 evaluation described in s. 373.223(3)(a)-(g). However, this
297 directive to encourage the use of water, whenever practicable,
298 from sources nearest the area of use or application shall not
299 apply to the transport and direct and indirect use of water
300 within the area encompassed by the Central and Southern Florida
301 Flood Control Project, nor shall it apply anywhere in the state
302 to the transport and use of water supplied exclusively for
303 bottled water as defined in s. 500.03(1)(d), nor shall it apply
304 to the transport and use of reclaimed water for electrical power
305 production by an electric utility as defined in s. 366.02(2).
306 (b) In establishing the policy outlined in paragraph (a),
307 the Legislature realizes that under certain circumstances the
308 need to transport water from distant sources may be necessary
309 for environmental, technical, or economic reasons.
310 (3) Cooperative efforts between municipalities, counties,
311 water management districts, and the department are mandatory in
312 order to meet the water needs of rapidly urbanizing areas in a
313 manner that will supply adequate and dependable supplies of
314 water where needed without resulting in adverse effects upon the
315 areas from which such water is withdrawn. Such efforts should
316 use all practical means of obtaining water, including, but not
317 limited to, withdrawals of surface water and ground water,
318 reuse, and desalination and will necessitate not only
319 cooperation but also well-coordinated activities.
320 Municipalities, counties, and special districts are encouraged
321 to create regional water supply authorities as authorized in s.
322 373.713 or multijurisdictional water supply entities.
323 373.703 Water production; general powers and duties.—In the
324 performance of, and in conjunction with, its other powers and
325 duties, the governing board of a water management district
326 existing pursuant to this chapter:
327 (1) Shall engage in planning to assist counties,
328 municipalities, special districts, publicly owned and privately
329 owned water utilities, multijurisdictional water supply
330 entities, or regional water supply authorities in meeting water
331 supply needs in such manner as will give priority to encouraging
332 conservation and reducing adverse environmental effects of
333 improper or excessive withdrawals of water from concentrated
334 areas. As used in this section and s. 373.707, regional water
335 supply authorities are regional water authorities created under
336 s. 373.713 or other laws of this state.
337 (2) Shall assist counties, municipalities, special
338 districts, publicly owned or privately owned water utilities,
339 multijurisdictional water supply entities, or regional water
340 supply authorities in meeting water supply needs in such manner
341 as will give priority to encouraging conservation and reducing
342 adverse environmental effects of improper or excessive
343 withdrawals of water from concentrated areas.
344 (3) May establish, design, construct, operate, and maintain
345 water production and transmission facilities for the purpose of
346 supplying water to counties, municipalities, special districts,
347 publicly owned and privately owned water utilities,
348 multijurisdictional water supply entities, or regional water
349 supply authorities. The permit required by part II of this
350 chapter for a water management district engaged in water
351 production and transmission shall be granted, denied, or granted
352 with conditions by the department.
353 (4) Shall not engage in local water supply distribution.
354 (5) Shall not deprive, directly or indirectly, any county
355 wherein water is withdrawn of the prior right to the reasonable
356 and beneficial use of water which is required to supply
357 adequately the reasonable and beneficial needs of the county or
358 any of the inhabitants or property owners therein.
359 (6) May provide water and financial assistance to regional
360 water supply authorities, but may not provide water to counties
361 and municipalities which are located within the area of such
362 authority without the specific approval of the authority or, in
363 the event of the authority’s disapproval, the approval of the
364 Governor and Cabinet sitting as the Land and Water Adjudicatory
365 Commission. The district may supply water at rates and upon
366 terms mutually agreed to by the parties or, if they do not
367 agree, as set by the governing board and specifically approved
368 by the Governor and Cabinet sitting as the Land and Water
369 Adjudicatory Commission.
370 (7) May acquire title to such interest as is necessary in
371 real property, by purchase, gift, devise, lease, eminent domain,
372 or otherwise, for water production and transmission consistent
373 with this section and s. 373.707. However, the district shall
374 not use any of the eminent domain powers herein granted to
375 acquire water and water rights already devoted to reasonable and
376 beneficial use or any water production or transmission
377 facilities owned by any county, municipality, or regional water
378 supply authority. The district may exercise eminent domain
379 powers outside of its district boundaries for the acquisition of
380 pumpage facilities, storage areas, transmission facilities, and
381 the normal appurtenances thereto, provided that at least 45 days
382 prior to the exercise of eminent domain, the district notifies
383 the district where the property is located after public notice
384 and the district where the property is located does not object
385 within 45 days after notification of such exercise of eminent
386 domain authority.
387 (8) In addition to the power to issue revenue bonds
388 pursuant to s. 373.584, may issue revenue bonds for the purposes
389 of paying the costs and expenses incurred in carrying out the
390 purposes of this chapter or refunding obligations of the
391 district issued pursuant to this section. Such revenue bonds
392 shall be secured by, and be payable from, revenues derived from
393 the operation, lease, or use of its water production and
394 transmission facilities and other water-related facilities and
395 from the sale of water or services relating thereto. Such
396 revenue bonds may not be secured by, or be payable from, moneys
397 derived by the district from the Water Management Lands Trust
398 Fund or from ad valorem taxes received by the district. All
399 provisions of s. 373.584 relating to the issuance of revenue
400 bonds which are not inconsistent with this section shall apply
401 to the issuance of revenue bonds pursuant to this section. The
402 district may also issue bond anticipation notes in accordance
403 with the provisions of s. 373.584.
404 (9) May join with one or more other water management
405 districts, counties, municipalities, special districts, publicly
406 owned or privately owned water utilities, multijurisdictional
407 water supply entities, or regional water supply authorities for
408 the purpose of carrying out any of its powers, and may contract
409 with such other entities to finance acquisitions, construction,
410 operation, and maintenance. The contract may provide for
411 contributions to be made by each party thereto, for the division
412 and apportionment of the expenses of acquisitions, construction,
413 operation, and maintenance, and for the division and
414 apportionment of the benefits, services, and products therefrom.
415 The contracts may contain other covenants and agreements
416 necessary and appropriate to accomplish their purposes.
417 373.705 Water resource development; water supply
419 (1) The Legislature finds that:
420 (a) The proper role of the water management districts in
421 water supply is primarily planning and water resource
422 development, but this does not preclude them from providing
423 assistance with water supply development.
424 (b) The proper role of local government, regional water
425 supply authorities, and government-owned and privately owned
426 water utilities in water supply is primarily water supply
427 development, but this does not preclude them from providing
428 assistance with water resource development.
429 (c) Water resource development and water supply development
430 must receive priority attention, where needed, to increase the
431 availability of sufficient water for all existing and future
432 reasonable-beneficial uses and natural systems.
433 (2) It is the intent of the Legislature that:
434 (a) Sufficient water be available for all existing and
435 future reasonable-beneficial uses and the natural systems, and
436 that the adverse effects of competition for water supplies be
438 (b) Water management districts take the lead in identifying
439 and implementing water resource development projects, and be
440 responsible for securing necessary funding for regionally
441 significant water resource development projects.
442 (c) Local governments, regional water supply authorities,
443 and government-owned and privately owned water utilities take
444 the lead in securing funds for and implementing water supply
445 development projects. Generally, direct beneficiaries of water
446 supply development projects should pay the costs of the projects
447 from which they benefit, and water supply development projects
448 should continue to be paid for through local funding sources.
449 (d) Water supply development be conducted in coordination
450 with water management district regional water supply planning
451 and water resource development.
452 (3) The water management districts shall fund and implement
453 water resource development as defined in s. 373.019. The water
454 management districts are encouraged to implement water resource
455 development as expeditiously as possible in areas subject to
456 regional water supply plans. Each governing board shall include
457 in its annual budget the amount needed for the fiscal year to
458 implement water resource development projects, as prioritized in
459 its regional water supply plans.
460 (4)(a) Water supply development projects that are
461 consistent with the relevant regional water supply plans and
462 that meet one or more of the following criteria shall receive
463 priority consideration for state or water management district
464 funding assistance:
465 1. The project supports establishment of a dependable,
466 sustainable supply of water which is not otherwise financially
468 2. The project provides substantial environmental benefits
469 by preventing or limiting adverse water resource impacts, but
470 requires funding assistance to be economically competitive with
471 other options; or
472 3. The project significantly implements reuse, storage,
473 recharge, or conservation of water in a manner that contributes
474 to the sustainability of regional water sources.
475 (b) Water supply development projects that meet the
476 criteria in paragraph (a) and that meet one or more of the
477 following additional criteria shall be given first consideration
478 for state or water management district funding assistance:
479 1. The project brings about replacement of existing sources
480 in order to help implement a minimum flow or level; or
481 2. The project implements reuse that assists in the
482 elimination of domestic wastewater ocean outfalls as provided in
483 s. 403.086(9).
484 373.707 Alternative water supply development.—
485 (1) The purpose of this section is to encourage cooperation
486 in the development of water supplies and to provide for
487 alternative water supply development.
488 (a) Demands on natural supplies of fresh water to meet the
489 needs of a rapidly growing population and the needs of the
490 environment, agriculture, industry, and mining will continue to
492 (b) There is a need for the development of alternative
493 water supplies for Florida to sustain its economic growth,
494 economic viability, and natural resources.
495 (c) Cooperative efforts between municipalities, counties,
496 special districts, water management districts, and the
497 Department of Environmental Protection are mandatory in order to
498 meet the water needs of rapidly urbanizing areas in a manner
499 that will supply adequate and dependable supplies of water where
500 needed without resulting in adverse effects upon the areas from
501 which such water is withdrawn. Such efforts should use all
502 practical means of obtaining water, including, but not limited
503 to, withdrawals of surface water and ground water, reuse, and
504 desalinization, and will necessitate not only cooperation but
505 also well-coordinated activities. Municipalities, counties, and
506 special districts are encouraged to create regional water supply
507 authorities as authorized in s. 373.713 or multijurisdictional
508 water supply entities.
509 (d) Alternative water supply development must receive
510 priority funding attention to increase the available supplies of
511 water to meet all existing and future reasonable-beneficial uses
512 and to benefit the natural systems.
513 (e) Cooperation between counties, municipalities, regional
514 water supply authorities, multijurisdictional water supply
515 entities, special districts, and publicly owned and privately
516 owned water utilities in the development of countywide and
517 multicountywide alternative water supply projects will allow for
518 necessary economies of scale and efficiencies to be achieved in
519 order to accelerate the development of new, dependable, and
520 sustainable alternative water supplies.
521 (f) It is in the public interest that county, municipal,
522 industrial, agricultural, and other public and private water
523 users, the Department of Environmental Protection, and the water
524 management districts cooperate and work together in the
525 development of alternative water supplies to avoid the adverse
526 effects of competition for limited supplies of water. Public
527 moneys or services provided to private entities for alternative
528 water supply development may constitute public purposes that
529 also are in the public interest.
530 (2)(a) Sufficient water must be available for all existing
531 and future reasonable-beneficial uses and the natural systems,
532 and the adverse effects of competition for water supplies must
533 be avoided.
534 (b) Water supply development and alternative water supply
535 development must be conducted in coordination with water
536 management district regional water supply planning.
537 (c) Funding for the development of alternative water
538 supplies shall be a shared responsibility of water suppliers and
539 users, the State of Florida, and the water management districts,
540 with water suppliers and users having the primary responsibility
541 and the State of Florida and the water management districts
542 being responsible for providing funding assistance.
543 (3) The primary roles of the water management districts in
544 water resource development as it relates to supporting
545 alternative water supply development are:
546 (a) The formulation and implementation of regional water
547 resource management strategies that support alternative water
548 supply development;
549 (b) The collection and evaluation of surface water and
550 groundwater data to be used for a planning level assessment of
551 the feasibility of alternative water supply development
553 (c) The construction, operation, and maintenance of major
554 public works facilities for flood control, surface and
555 underground water storage, and groundwater recharge augmentation
556 to support alternative water supply development;
557 (d) Planning for alternative water supply development as
558 provided in regional water supply plans in coordination with
559 local governments, regional water supply authorities,
560 multijurisdictional water supply entities, special districts,
561 and publicly owned and privately owned water utilities and self
563 (e) The formulation and implementation of structural and
564 nonstructural programs to protect and manage water resources in
565 support of alternative water supply projects; and
566 (f) The provision of technical and financial assistance to
567 local governments and publicly owned and privately owned water
568 utilities for alternative water supply projects.
569 (4) The primary roles of local government, regional water
570 supply authorities, multijurisdictional water supply entities,
571 special districts, and publicly owned and privately owned water
572 utilities in alternative water supply development shall be:
573 (a) The planning, design, construction, operation, and
574 maintenance of alternative water supply development projects;
575 (b) The formulation and implementation of alternative water
576 supply development strategies and programs;
577 (c) The planning, design, construction, operation, and
578 maintenance of facilities to collect, divert, produce, treat,
579 transmit, and distribute water for sale, resale, or end use; and
580 (d) The coordination of alternative water supply
581 development activities with the appropriate water management
582 district having jurisdiction over the activity.
583 (5) Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude
584 the various special districts, municipalities, and counties from
585 continuing to operate existing water production and transmission
586 facilities or to enter into cooperative agreements with other
587 special districts, municipalities, and counties for the purpose
588 of meeting their respective needs for dependable and adequate
589 supplies of water; however, the obtaining of water through such
590 operations shall not be done in a manner that results in adverse
591 effects upon the areas from which such water is withdrawn.
592 (6)(a) The statewide funds provided pursuant to the Water
593 Protection and Sustainability Program serve to supplement
594 existing water management district or basin board funding for
595 alternative water supply development assistance and should not
596 result in a reduction of such funding. Therefore, the water
597 management districts shall include in the annual tentative and
598 adopted budget submittals required under this chapter the amount
599 of funds allocated for water resource development that supports
600 alternative water supply development and the funds allocated for
601 alternative water supply projects selected for inclusion in the
602 Water Protection and Sustainability Program. It shall be the
603 goal of each water management district and basin boards that the
604 combined funds allocated annually for these purposes be, at a
605 minimum, the equivalent of 100 percent of the state funding
606 provided to the water management district for alternative water
607 supply development. If this goal is not achieved, the water
608 management district shall provide in the budget submittal an
609 explanation of the reasons or constraints that prevent this goal
610 from being met, an explanation of how the goal will be met in
611 future years, and affirmation of match is required during the
612 budget review process as established under s. 373.536(5). The
613 Suwannee River Water Management District and the Northwest
614 Florida Water Management District shall not be required to meet
615 the match requirements of this paragraph; however, they shall
616 try to achieve the match requirement to the greatest extent
618 (b) State funds from the Water Protection and
619 Sustainability Program created in s. 403.890 shall be made
620 available for financial assistance for the project construction
621 costs of alternative water supply development projects selected
622 by a water management district governing board for inclusion in
623 the program.
624 (7) The water management district shall implement its
625 responsibilities as expeditiously as possible in areas subject
626 to regional water supply plans. Each district’s governing board
627 shall include in its annual budget the amount needed for the
628 fiscal year to assist in implementing alternative water supply
629 development projects.
630 (8)(a) The water management districts and the state shall
631 share a percentage of revenues with water providers and users,
632 including local governments, water, wastewater, and reuse
633 utilities, municipal, special district, industrial, and
634 agricultural water users, and other public and private water
635 users, to be used to supplement other funding sources in the
636 development of alternative water supplies.
637 (b) Beginning in the 2005-2006 fiscal year, the state shall
638 annually provide a portion of those revenues deposited into the
639 Water Protection and Sustainability Program Trust Fund for the
640 purpose of providing funding assistance for the development of
641 alternative water supplies pursuant to the Water Protection and
642 Sustainability Program. At the beginning of each fiscal year,
643 beginning with the 2005-2006 fiscal year, such revenues shall be
644 distributed by the department into the alternative water supply
645 trust fund accounts created by each district for the purpose of
646 alternative water supply development under the following funding
648 1. Thirty percent to the South Florida Water Management
650 2. Twenty-five percent to the Southwest Florida Water
651 Management District;
652 3. Twenty-five percent to the St. Johns River Water
653 Management District;
654 4. Ten percent to the Suwannee River Water Management
655 District; and
656 5. Ten percent to the Northwest Florida Water Management
658 (c) The financial assistance for alternative water supply
659 projects allocated in each district’s budget as required in
660 subsection (6) shall be combined with the state funds and used
661 to assist in funding the project construction costs of
662 alternative water supply projects selected by the governing
663 board. If the district has not completed any regional water
664 supply plan, or the regional water supply plan does not identify
665 the need for any alternative water supply projects, funds
666 deposited in that district’s trust fund may be used for water
667 resource development projects, including, but not limited to,
668 springs protection.
669 (d) All projects submitted to the governing board for
670 consideration shall reflect the total capital cost for
671 implementation. The costs shall be segregated pursuant to the
672 categories described in the definition of capital costs.
673 (e) Applicants for projects that may receive funding
674 assistance pursuant to the Water Protection and Sustainability
675 Program shall, at a minimum, be required to pay 60 percent of
676 the project’s construction costs. The water management districts
677 may, at their discretion, totally or partially waive this
678 requirement for projects sponsored by financially disadvantaged
679 small local governments as defined in former s. 403.885(5). The
680 water management districts or basin boards may, at their
681 discretion, use ad valorem or federal revenues to assist a
682 project applicant in meeting the requirements of this paragraph.
683 (f) The governing boards shall determine those projects
684 that will be selected for financial assistance. The governing
685 boards may establish factors to determine project funding;
686 however, significant weight shall be given to the following
688 1. Whether the project provides substantial environmental
689 benefits by preventing or limiting adverse water resource
691 2. Whether the project reduces competition for water
693 3. Whether the project brings about replacement of
694 traditional sources in order to help implement a minimum flow or
695 level or a reservation.
696 4. Whether the project will be implemented by a consumptive
697 use permittee that has achieved the targets contained in a goal
698 based water conservation program approved pursuant to s.
700 5. The quantity of water supplied by the project as
701 compared to its cost.
702 6. Projects in which the construction and delivery to end
703 users of reuse water is a major component.
704 7. Whether the project will be implemented by a
705 multijurisdictional water supply entity or regional water supply
707 8. Whether the project implements reuse that assists in the
708 elimination of domestic wastewater ocean outfalls as provided in
709 s. 403.086(9).
710 9. Whether the county or municipality, or the multiple
711 counties or municipalities, in which the project is located has
712 implemented a high-water recharge tax protection program as
713 provided in s. 193.625.
714 (g) Additional factors to be considered in determining
715 project funding shall include:
716 1. Whether the project is part of a plan to implement two
717 or more alternative water supply projects, all of which will be
718 operated to produce water at a uniform rate for the participants
719 in a multijurisdictional water supply entity or regional water
720 supply authority.
721 2. The percentage of project costs to be funded by the
722 water supplier or water user.
723 3. Whether the project proposal includes sufficient
724 preliminary planning and engineering to demonstrate that the
725 project can reasonably be implemented within the timeframes
726 provided in the regional water supply plan.
727 4. Whether the project is a subsequent phase of an
728 alternative water supply project that is underway.
729 5. Whether and in what percentage a local government or
730 local government utility is transferring water supply system
731 revenues to the local government general fund in excess of
732 reimbursements for services received from the general fund,
733 including direct and indirect costs and legitimate payments in
734 lieu of taxes.
735 (h) After conducting one or more meetings to solicit public
736 input on eligible projects, including input from those entities
737 identified pursuant to s. 373.709(2)(a)3.d. for implementation
738 of alternative water supply projects, the governing board of
739 each water management district shall select projects for funding
740 assistance based upon the criteria set forth in paragraphs (f)
741 and (g). The governing board may select a project identified or
742 listed as an alternative water supply development project in the
743 regional water supply plan, or allocate up to 20 percent of the
744 funding for alternative water supply projects that are not
745 identified or listed in the regional water supply plan but are
746 consistent with the goals of the plan.
747 (i) Without diminishing amounts available through other
748 means described in this paragraph, the governing boards are
749 encouraged to consider establishing revolving loan funds to
750 expand the total funds available to accomplish the objectives of
751 this section. A revolving loan fund created under this paragraph
752 must be a nonlapsing fund from which the water management
753 district may make loans with interest rates below prevailing
754 market rates to public or private entities for the purposes
755 described in this section. The governing board may adopt
756 resolutions to establish revolving loan funds which must specify
757 the details of the administration of the fund, the procedures
758 for applying for loans from the fund, the criteria for awarding
759 loans from the fund, the initial capitalization of the fund, and
760 the goals for future capitalization of the fund in subsequent
761 budget years. Revolving loan funds created under this paragraph
762 must be used to expand the total sums and sources of cooperative
763 funding available for the development of alternative water
764 supplies. The Legislature does not intend for the creation of
765 revolving loan funds to supplant or otherwise reduce existing
766 sources or amounts of funds currently available through other
768 (j) For each utility that receives financial assistance
769 from the state or a water management district for an alternative
770 water supply project, the water management district shall
771 require the appropriate rate-setting authority to develop rate
772 structures for water customers in the service area of the funded
773 utility that will:
774 1. Promote the conservation of water; and
775 2. Promote the use of water from alternative water
777 (k) The governing boards shall establish a process for the
778 disbursal of revenues pursuant to this subsection.
779 (l) All revenues made available pursuant to this subsection
780 must be encumbered annually by the governing board when it
781 approves projects sufficient to expend the available revenues.
782 (m) This subsection is not subject to the rulemaking
783 requirements of chapter 120.
784 (n) By March 1 of each year, as part of the consolidated
785 annual report required by s. 373.036(7), each water management
786 district shall submit a report on the disbursal of all budgeted
787 amounts pursuant to this section. Such report shall describe all
788 alternative water supply projects funded as well as the quantity
789 of new water to be created as a result of such projects and
790 shall account separately for any other moneys provided through
791 grants, matching grants, revolving loans, and the use of
792 district lands or facilities to implement regional water supply
794 (o) The Florida Public Service Commission shall allow
795 entities under its jurisdiction constructing or participating in
796 constructing facilities that provide alternative water supplies
797 to recover their full, prudently incurred cost of constructing
798 such facilities through their rate structure. If construction of
799 a facility or participation in construction is pursuant to or in
800 furtherance of a regional water supply plan, the cost shall be
801 deemed to be prudently incurred. Every component of an
802 alternative water supply facility constructed by an investor
803 owned utility shall be recovered in current rates. Any state or
804 water management district cost-share is not subject to the
805 recovery provisions allowed in this paragraph.
806 (9) Funding assistance provided by the water management
807 districts for a water reuse system may include the following
808 conditions for that project if a water management district
809 determines that such conditions will encourage water use
811 (a) Metering of reclaimed water use for residential
812 irrigation, agricultural irrigation, industrial uses, except for
813 electric utilities as defined in s. 366.02(2), landscape
814 irrigation, golf course irrigation, irrigation of other public
815 access areas, commercial and institutional uses such as toilet
816 flushing, and transfers to other reclaimed water utilities;
817 (b) Implementation of reclaimed water rate structures based
818 on actual use of reclaimed water for the reuse activities listed
819 in paragraph (a);
820 (c) Implementation of education programs to inform the
821 public about water issues, water conservation, and the
822 importance and proper use of reclaimed water; or
823 (d) Development of location data for key reuse facilities.
824 (10) For the purposes of seeking funding pursuant to s.
825 315.47(k), the water management districts shall select only
826 those projects identified under this section which will provide
827 a regional benefit or will be implemented by a
828 multijurisdictional authority. Projects selected by the water
829 management districts are to be submitted to the department who
830 shall be responsible for submission to the State Board of
832 373.709 Regional water supply planning.—
833 (1) The governing board of each water management district
834 shall conduct water supply planning for any water supply
835 planning region within the district identified in the
836 appropriate district water supply plan under s. 373.036, where
837 it determines that existing sources of water are not adequate to
838 supply water for all existing and future reasonable-beneficial
839 uses and to sustain the water resources and related natural
840 systems for the planning period. The planning must be conducted
841 in an open public process, in coordination and cooperation with
842 local governments, regional water supply authorities,
843 government-owned and privately owned water utilities,
844 multijurisdictional water supply entities, self-suppliers, and
845 other affected and interested parties. The districts shall
846 actively engage in public education and outreach to all affected
847 local entities and their officials, as well as members of the
848 public, in the planning process and in seeking input. During
849 preparation, but prior to completion of the regional water
850 supply plan, the district must conduct at least one public
851 workshop to discuss the technical data and modeling tools
852 anticipated to be used to support the regional water supply
853 plan. The district shall also hold several public meetings to
854 communicate the status, overall conceptual intent, and impacts
855 of the plan on existing and future reasonable-beneficial uses
856 and related natural systems. During the planning process, a
857 local government may choose to prepare its own water supply
858 assessment to determine if existing water sources are adequate
859 to meet existing and projected reasonable-beneficial needs of
860 the local government while sustaining water resources and
861 related natural systems. The local government shall submit such
862 assessment, including the data and methodology used, to the
863 district. The district shall consider the local government’s
864 assessment during the formation of the plan. A determination by
865 the governing board that initiation of a regional water supply
866 plan for a specific planning region is not needed pursuant to
867 this section shall be subject to s. 120.569. The governing board
868 shall reevaluate such a determination at least once every 5
869 years and shall initiate a regional water supply plan, if
870 needed, pursuant to this subsection.
871 (2) Each regional water supply plan shall be based on at
872 least a 20-year planning period and shall include, but need not
873 be limited to:
874 (a) A water supply development component for each water
875 supply planning region identified by the district which
877 1. A quantification of the water supply needs for all
878 existing and future reasonable-beneficial uses within the
879 planning horizon. The level-of-certainty planning goal
880 associated with identifying the water supply needs of existing
881 and future reasonable-beneficial uses shall be based upon
882 meeting those needs for a 1-in-10-year drought event. Population
883 projections used for determining public water supply needs must
884 be based upon the best available data. In determining the best
885 available data, the district shall consider the University of
886 Florida’s Bureau of Economic and Business Research (BEBR) medium
887 population projections and any population projection data and
888 analysis submitted by a local government pursuant to the public
889 workshop described in subsection (1) if the data and analysis
890 support the local government’s comprehensive plan. Any
891 adjustment of or deviation from the BEBR projections must be
892 fully described, and the original BEBR data must be presented
893 along with the adjusted data.
894 2. A list of water supply development project options,
895 including traditional and alternative water supply project
896 options, from which local government, government-owned and
897 privately owned utilities, regional water supply authorities,
898 multijurisdictional water supply entities, self-suppliers, and
899 others may choose for water supply development. In addition to
900 projects listed by the district, such users may propose specific
901 projects for inclusion in the list of alternative water supply
902 projects. If such users propose a project to be listed as an
903 alternative water supply project, the district shall determine
904 whether it meets the goals of the plan, and, if so, it shall be
905 included in the list. The total capacity of the projects
906 included in the plan shall exceed the needs identified in
907 subparagraph 1. and shall take into account water conservation
908 and other demand management measures, as well as water resources
909 constraints, including adopted minimum flows and levels and
910 water reservations. Where the district determines it is
911 appropriate, the plan should specifically identify the need for
912 multijurisdictional approaches to project options that, based on
913 planning level analysis, are appropriate to supply the intended
914 uses and that, based on such analysis, appear to be permittable
915 and financially and technically feasible. The list of water
916 supply development options must contain provisions that
917 recognize that alternative water supply options for agricultural
918 self-suppliers are limited.
919 3. For each project option identified in subparagraph 2.,
920 the following shall be provided:
921 a. An estimate of the amount of water to become available
922 through the project.
923 b. The timeframe in which the project option should be
924 implemented and the estimated planning-level costs for capital
925 investment and operating and maintaining the project.
926 c. An analysis of funding needs and sources of possible
927 funding options. For alternative water supply projects the water
928 management districts shall provide funding assistance in
929 accordance with s. 373.707(8).
930 d. Identification of the entity that should implement each
931 project option and the current status of project implementation.
932 (b) A water resource development component that includes:
933 1. A listing of those water resource development projects
934 that support water supply development.
935 2. For each water resource development project listed:
936 a. An estimate of the amount of water to become available
937 through the project.
938 b. The timeframe in which the project option should be
939 implemented and the estimated planning-level costs for capital
940 investment and for operating and maintaining the project.
941 c. An analysis of funding needs and sources of possible
942 funding options.
943 d. Identification of the entity that should implement each
944 project option and the current status of project implementation.
945 (c) The recovery and prevention strategy described in s.
947 (d) A funding strategy for water resource development
948 projects, which shall be reasonable and sufficient to pay the
949 cost of constructing or implementing all of the listed projects.
950 (e) Consideration of how the project options addressed in
951 paragraph (a) serve the public interest or save costs overall by
952 preventing the loss of natural resources or avoiding greater
953 future expenditures for water resource development or water
954 supply development. However, unless adopted by rule, these
955 considerations do not constitute final agency action.
956 (f) The technical data and information applicable to each
957 planning region which are necessary to support the regional
958 water supply plan.
959 (g) The minimum flows and levels established for water
960 resources within each planning region.
961 (h) Reservations of water adopted by rule pursuant to s.
962 373.223(4) within each planning region.
963 (i) Identification of surface waters or aquifers for which
964 minimum flows and levels are scheduled to be adopted.
965 (j) An analysis, developed in cooperation with the
966 department, of areas or instances in which the variance
967 provisions of s. 378.212(1)(g) or s. 378.404(9) may be used to
968 create water supply development or water resource development
970 (3) The water supply development component of a regional
971 water supply plan which deals with or affects public utilities
972 and public water supply for those areas served by a regional
973 water supply authority and its member governments within the
974 boundary of the Southwest Florida Water Management District
975 shall be developed jointly by the authority and the district. In
976 areas not served by regional water supply authorities, or other
977 multijurisdictional water supply entities, and where
978 opportunities exist to meet water supply needs more efficiently
979 through multijurisdictional projects identified pursuant to
980 paragraph (2)(a), water management districts are directed to
981 assist in developing multijurisdictional approaches to water
982 supply project development jointly with affected water
983 utilities, special districts, and local governments.
984 (4) The South Florida Water Management District shall
985 include in its regional water supply plan water resource and
986 water supply development projects that promote the elimination
987 of wastewater ocean outfalls as provided in s. 403.086(9).
988 (5) Governing board approval of a regional water supply
989 plan shall not be subject to the rulemaking requirements of
990 chapter 120. However, any portion of an approved regional water
991 supply plan which affects the substantial interests of a party
992 shall be subject to s. 120.569.
993 (6) Annually and in conjunction with the reporting
994 requirements of s. 373.536(6)(a)4., the department shall submit
995 to the Governor and the Legislature a report on the status of
996 regional water supply planning in each district. The report
997 shall include:
998 (a) A compilation of the estimated costs of and potential
999 sources of funding for water resource development and water
1000 supply development projects as identified in the water
1001 management district regional water supply plans.
1002 (b) The percentage and amount, by district, of district ad
1003 valorem tax revenues or other district funds made available to
1004 develop alternative water supplies.
1005 (c) A description of each district’s progress toward
1006 achieving its water resource development objectives, including
1007 the district’s implementation of its 5-year water resource
1008 development work program.
1009 (d) An assessment of the specific progress being made to
1010 implement each alternative water supply project option chosen by
1011 the entities and identified for implementation in the plan.
1012 (e) An overall assessment of the progress being made to
1013 develop water supply in each district, including, but not
1014 limited to, an explanation of how each project, either
1015 alternative or traditional, will produce, contribute to, or
1016 account for additional water being made available for
1017 consumptive uses, an estimate of the quantity of water to be
1018 produced by each project, and an assessment of the contribution
1019 of the district’s regional water supply plan in providing
1020 sufficient water to meet the needs of existing and future
1021 reasonable-beneficial uses for a 1-in-10 year drought event, as
1022 well as the needs of the natural systems.
1023 (7) Nothing contained in the water supply development
1024 component of a regional water supply plan shall be construed to
1025 require local governments, government-owned or privately owned
1026 water utilities, special districts, self-suppliers, regional
1027 water supply authorities, multijurisdictional water supply
1028 entities, or other water suppliers to select a water supply
1029 development project identified in the component merely because
1030 it is identified in the plan. Except as provided in s.
1031 373.223(3) and (5), the plan may not be used in the review of
1032 permits under part II of this chapter unless the plan or an
1033 applicable portion thereof has been adopted by rule. However,
1034 this subsection does not prohibit a water management district
1035 from employing the data or other information used to establish
1036 the plan in reviewing permits under part II, nor does it limit
1037 the authority of the department or governing board under part
1039 (8) Where the water supply component of a water supply
1040 planning region shows the need for one or more alternative water
1041 supply projects, the district shall notify the affected local
1042 governments and make every reasonable effort to educate and
1043 involve local public officials in working toward solutions in
1044 conjunction with the districts and, where appropriate, other
1045 local and regional water supply entities.
1046 (a) Within 6 months following approval or amendment of its
1047 regional water supply plan, each water management district shall
1048 notify by certified mail each entity identified in sub
1049 subparagraph (2)(a)3.d. of that portion of the plan relevant to
1050 the entity. Upon request of such an entity, the water management
1051 district shall appear before and present its findings and
1052 recommendations to the entity.
1053 (b) Within 1 year after the notification by a water
1054 management district pursuant to paragraph (a), each entity
1055 identified in sub-subparagraph (2)(a)3.d. shall provide to the
1056 water management district written notification of the following:
1057 the alternative water supply projects or options identified in
1058 paragraph (2)(a) which it has developed or intends to develop,
1059 if any; an estimate of the quantity of water to be produced by
1060 each project; and the status of project implementation,
1061 including development of the financial plan, facilities master
1062 planning, permitting, and efforts in coordinating
1063 multijurisdictional projects, if applicable. The information
1064 provided in the notification shall be updated annually, and a
1065 progress report shall be provided by November 15 of each year to
1066 the water management district. If an entity does not intend to
1067 develop one or more of the alternative water supply project
1068 options identified in the regional water supply plan, the entity
1069 shall propose, within 1 year after notification by a water
1070 management district pursuant to paragraph (a), another
1071 alternative water supply project option sufficient to address
1072 the needs identified in paragraph (2)(a) within the entity’s
1073 jurisdiction and shall provide an estimate of the quantity of
1074 water to be produced by the project and the status of project
1075 implementation as described in this paragraph. The entity may
1076 request that the water management district consider the other
1077 project for inclusion in the regional water supply plan.
1078 (9) For any regional water supply plan that is scheduled to
1079 be updated before December 31, 2005, the deadline for such
1080 update shall be extended by 1 year.
1081 373.711 Technical assistance to local governments.—
1082 (1) The water management districts shall assist local
1083 governments in the development and future revision of local
1084 government comprehensive plan elements or public facilities
1085 report as required by s. 189.415, related to water resource
1087 (2) By July 1, 1991, each water management district shall
1088 prepare and provide information and data to assist local
1089 governments in the preparation and implementation of their local
1090 government comprehensive plans or public facilities report as
1091 required by s. 189.415, whichever is applicable. Such
1092 information and data shall include, but not be limited to:
1093 (a) All information and data required in a public
1094 facilities report pursuant to s. 189.415.
1095 (b) A description of regulations, programs, and schedules
1096 implemented by the district.
1097 (c) Identification of regulations, programs, and schedules
1098 undertaken or proposed by the district to further the State
1099 Comprehensive Plan.
1100 (d) A description of surface water basins, including
1101 regulatory jurisdictions, flood-prone areas, existing and
1102 projected water quality in water management district operated
1103 facilities, as well as surface water runoff characteristics and
1104 topography regarding flood plains, wetlands, and recharge areas.
1105 (e) A description of groundwater characteristics, including
1106 existing and planned wellfield sites, existing and anticipated
1107 cones of influence, highly productive groundwater areas, aquifer
1108 recharge areas, deep well injection zones, contaminated areas,
1109 an assessment of regional water resource needs and sources for
1110 the next 20 years, and water quality.
1111 (f) The identification of existing and potential water
1112 management district land acquisitions.
1113 (g) Information reflecting the minimum flows for surface
1114 watercourses to avoid harm to water resources or the ecosystem
1115 and information reflecting the minimum water levels for aquifers
1116 to avoid harm to water resources or the ecosystem.
1117 373.713 Regional water supply authorities.—
1118 (1) By interlocal agreement between counties,
1119 municipalities, or special districts, as applicable, pursuant to
1120 the Florida Interlocal Cooperation Act of 1969, s. 163.01, and
1121 upon the approval of the Secretary of Environmental Protection
1122 to ensure that such agreement will be in the public interest and
1123 complies with the intent and purposes of this act, regional
1124 water supply authorities may be created for the purpose of
1125 developing, recovering, storing, and supplying water for county
1126 or municipal purposes in such a manner as will give priority to
1127 reducing adverse environmental effects of excessive or improper
1128 withdrawals of water from concentrated areas. In approving said
1129 agreement the Secretary of Environmental Protection shall
1130 consider, but not be limited to, the following:
1131 (a) Whether the geographic territory of the proposed
1132 authority is of sufficient size and character to reduce the
1133 environmental effects of improper or excessive withdrawals of
1134 water from concentrated areas.
1135 (b) The maximization of economic development of the water
1136 resources within the territory of the proposed authority.
1137 (c) The availability of a dependable and adequate water
1139 (d) The ability of any proposed authority to design,
1140 construct, operate, and maintain water supply facilities in the
1141 locations, and at the times necessary, to ensure that an
1142 adequate water supply will be available to all citizens within
1143 the authority.
1144 (e) The effect or impact of any proposed authority on any
1145 municipality, county, or existing authority or authorities.
1146 (f) The existing needs of the water users within the area
1147 of the authority.
1148 (2) In addition to other powers and duties agreed upon, and
1149 notwithstanding the provisions of s. 163.01, such authority may:
1150 (a) Upon approval of the electors residing in each county
1151 or municipality within the territory to be included in any
1152 authority, levy ad valorem taxes, not to exceed 0.5 mill,
1153 pursuant to s. 9(b), Art. VII of the State Constitution. No tax
1154 authorized by this paragraph shall be levied in any county or
1155 municipality without an affirmative vote of the electors
1156 residing in such county or municipality.
1157 (b) Acquire water and water rights; develop, store, and
1158 transport water; provide, sell, and deliver water for county or
1159 municipal uses and purposes; and provide for the furnishing of
1160 such water and water service upon terms and conditions and at
1161 rates which will apportion to parties and nonparties an
1162 equitable share of the capital cost and operating expense of the
1163 authority’s work to the purchaser.
1164 (c) Collect, treat, and recover wastewater.
1165 (d) Not engage in local distribution.
1166 (e) Exercise the power of eminent domain in the manner
1167 provided by law for the condemnation of private property for
1168 public use to acquire title to such interest in real property as
1169 is necessary to the exercise of the powers herein granted,
1170 except water and water rights already devoted to reasonable and
1171 beneficial use or any water production or transmission
1172 facilities owned by any county or municipality.
1173 (f) Issue revenue bonds in the manner prescribed by the
1174 Revenue Bond Act of 1953, as amended, part I, chapter 159, to be
1175 payable solely from funds derived from the sale of water by the
1176 authority to any county or municipality. Such bonds may be
1177 additionally secured by the full faith and credit of any county
1178 or municipality, as provided by s. 159.16 or by a pledge of
1179 excise taxes, as provided by s. 159.19. For the purpose of
1180 issuing revenue bonds, an authority shall be considered a “unit”
1181 as defined in s. 159.02(2) and as that term is used in the
1182 Revenue Bond Act of 1953, as amended. Such bonds may be issued
1183 to finance the cost of acquiring properties and facilities for
1184 the production and transmission of water by the authority to any
1185 county or municipality, which cost shall include the acquisition
1186 of real property and easements therein for such purposes. Such
1187 bonds may be in the form of refunding bonds to take up any
1188 outstanding bonds of the authority or of any county or
1189 municipality where such outstanding bonds are secured by
1190 properties and facilities for production and transmission of
1191 water, which properties and facilities are being acquired by the
1192 authority. Refunding bonds may be issued to take up and refund
1193 all outstanding bonds of said authority that are subject to call
1194 and termination, and all bonds of said authority that are not
1195 subject to call or redemption, when the surrender of said bonds
1196 can be procured from the holder thereof at prices satisfactory
1197 to the authority. Such refunding bonds may be issued at any time
1198 when, in the judgment of the authority, it will be to the best
1199 interest of the authority financially or economically by
1200 securing a lower rate of interest on said bonds or by extending
1201 the time of maturity of said bonds or, for any other reason, in
1202 the judgment of the authority, advantageous to said authority.
1203 (g) Sue and be sued in its own name.
1204 (h) Borrow money and incur indebtedness and issue bonds or
1205 other evidence of such indebtedness.
1206 (i) Join with one or more other public corporations for the
1207 purpose of carrying out any of its powers and for that purpose
1208 to contract with such other public corporation or corporations
1209 for the purpose of financing such acquisitions, construction,
1210 and operations. Such contracts may provide for contributions to
1211 be made by each party thereto, for the division and
1212 apportionment of the expenses of such acquisitions and
1213 operations, and for the division and apportionment of the
1214 benefits, services, and products therefrom. Such contract may
1215 contain such other and further covenants and agreements as may
1216 be necessary and convenient to accomplish the purposes hereof.
1217 (3) A regional water supply authority is authorized to
1218 develop, construct, operate, maintain, or contract for
1219 alternative sources of potable water, including desalinated
1220 water, and pipelines to interconnect authority sources and
1221 facilities, either by itself or jointly with a water management
1222 district; however, such alternative potable water sources,
1223 facilities, and pipelines may also be privately developed,
1224 constructed, owned, operated, and maintained, in which event an
1225 authority and a water management district are authorized to
1226 pledge and contribute their funds to reduce the wholesale cost
1227 of water from such alternative sources of potable water supplied
1228 by an authority to its member governments.
1229 (4) When it is found to be in the public interest, for the
1230 public convenience and welfare, for a public benefit, and
1231 necessary for carrying out the purpose of any regional water
1232 supply authority, any state agency, county, water control
1233 district existing pursuant to chapter 298, water management
1234 district existing pursuant to this chapter, municipality,
1235 governmental agency, or public corporation in this state holding
1236 title to any interest in land is hereby authorized, in its
1237 discretion, to convey the title to or dedicate land, title to
1238 which is in such entity, including tax-reverted land, or to
1239 grant use-rights therein, to any regional water supply authority
1240 created pursuant to this section. Land granted or conveyed to
1241 such authority shall be for the public purposes of such
1242 authority and may be made subject to the condition that in the
1243 event said land is not so used, or if used and subsequently its
1244 use for said purpose is abandoned, the interest granted shall
1245 cease as to such authority and shall automatically revert to the
1246 granting entity.
1247 (5) Each county, special district, or municipality that is
1248 a party to an agreement pursuant to subsection (1) shall have a
1249 preferential right to purchase water from the regional water
1250 supply authority for use by such county, special district, or
1252 (6) In carrying out the provisions of this section, any
1253 county wherein water is withdrawn by the authority shall not be
1254 deprived, directly or indirectly, of the prior right to the
1255 reasonable and beneficial use of water which is required
1256 adequately to supply the reasonable and beneficial needs of the
1257 county or any of the inhabitants or property owners therein.
1258 (7) Upon a resolution adopted by the governing body of any
1259 county or municipality, the authority may, subject to a majority
1260 vote of its voting members, include such county or municipality
1261 in its regional water supply authority upon such terms and
1262 conditions as may be prescribed.
1263 (8) The authority shall design, construct, operate, and
1264 maintain facilities in the locations and at the times necessary
1265 to ensure that an adequate water supply will be available to all
1266 citizens within the authority.
1267 (9) Where a water supply authority exists pursuant to this
1268 section or s. 373.715 under a voluntary interlocal agreement
1269 that is consistent with requirements in s. 373.715(1)(b) and
1270 receives or maintains consumptive use permits under this
1271 voluntary agreement consistent with the water supply plan, if
1272 any, adopted by the governing board, such authority shall be
1273 exempt from consideration by the governing board or department
1274 of the factors specified in s. 373.223(3)(a)-(g) and the
1275 submissions required by s. 373.229(3). Such exemptions shall
1276 apply only to water sources within the jurisdictional areas of
1277 such voluntary water supply interlocal agreements.
1278 373.715 Assistance to West Coast Regional Water Supply
1280 (1) It is the intent of the Legislature to authorize the
1281 implementation of changes in governance recommended by the West
1282 Coast Regional Water Supply Authority in its reports to the
1283 Legislature dated February 1, 1997, and January 5, 1998. The
1284 authority and its member governments may reconstitute the
1285 authority’s governance and rename the authority under a
1286 voluntary interlocal agreement with a term of not less than 20
1287 years. The interlocal agreement must comply with this subsection
1288 as follows:
1289 (a) The authority and its member governments agree that
1290 cooperative efforts are mandatory to meet their water needs in a
1291 manner that will provide adequate and dependable supplies of
1292 water where needed without resulting in adverse environmental
1293 effects upon the areas from which the water is withdrawn or
1294 otherwise produced.
1295 (b) In accordance with s. 4, Art. VIII of the State
1296 Constitution and notwithstanding s. 163.01, the interlocal
1297 agreement may include the following terms, which are considered
1298 approved by the parties without a vote of their electors, upon
1299 execution of the interlocal agreement by all member governments
1300 and upon satisfaction of all conditions precedent in the
1301 interlocal agreement:
1302 1. All member governments shall relinquish to the authority
1303 their individual rights to develop potable water supply sources,
1304 except as otherwise provided in the interlocal agreement;
1305 2. The authority shall be the sole and exclusive wholesale
1306 potable water supplier for all member governments; and
1307 3. The authority shall have the absolute and unequivocal
1308 obligation to meet the wholesale needs of the member governments
1309 for potable water.
1310 4. A member government may not restrict or prohibit the use
1311 of land within a member’s jurisdictional boundaries by the
1312 authority for water supply purposes through use of zoning, land
1313 use, comprehensive planning, or other form of regulation.
1314 5. A member government may not impose any tax, fee, or
1315 charge upon the authority in conjunction with the production or
1316 supply of water not otherwise provided for in the interlocal
1318 6. The authority may use the powers provided in part II of
1319 chapter 159 for financing and refinancing water treatment,
1320 production, or transmission facilities, including, but not
1321 limited to, desalinization facilities. All such water treatment,
1322 production, or transmission facilities are considered a
1323 “manufacturing plant” for purposes of s. 159.27(5) and serve a
1324 paramount public purpose by providing water to citizens of the
1326 7. A member government and any governmental or quasi
1327 judicial board or commission established by local ordinance or
1328 general or special law where the governing membership of such
1329 board or commission is shared, in whole or in part, or appointed
1330 by a member government agreeing to be bound by the interlocal
1331 agreement shall be limited to the procedures set forth therein
1332 regarding actions that directly or indirectly restrict or
1333 prohibit the use of lands or other activities related to the
1334 production or supply of water.
1335 (c) The authority shall acquire full or lesser interests in
1336 all regionally significant member government wholesale water
1337 supply facilities and tangible assets and each member government
1338 shall convey such interests in the facilities and assets to the
1339 authority, at an agreed value.
1340 (d) The authority shall charge a uniform per gallon
1341 wholesale rate to member governments for the wholesale supply of
1342 potable water. All capital, operation, maintenance, and
1343 administrative costs for existing facilities and acquired
1344 facilities, authority master water plan facilities, and other
1345 future projects must be allocated to member governments based on
1346 water usage at the uniform per gallon wholesale rate.
1347 (e) The interlocal agreement may include procedures for
1348 resolving the parties’ differences regarding water management
1349 district proposed agency action in the water use permitting
1350 process within the authority. Such procedures should minimize
1351 the potential for litigation and include alternative dispute
1352 resolution. Any governmental or quasi-judicial board or
1353 commission established by local ordinance or general or special
1354 law where the governing members of such board or commission is
1355 shared, in whole or in part, or appointed by a member
1356 government, may agree to be bound by the dispute resolution
1357 procedures set forth in the interlocal agreement.
1358 (f) Upon execution of the voluntary interlocal agreement
1359 provided for herein, the authority shall jointly develop with
1360 the Southwest Florida Water Management District alternative
1361 sources of potable water and transmission pipelines to
1362 interconnect regionally significant water supply sources and
1363 facilities of the authority in amounts sufficient to meet the
1364 needs of all member governments for a period of at least 20
1365 years and for natural systems. Nothing herein, however, shall
1366 preclude the authority and its member governments from
1367 developing traditional water sources pursuant to the voluntary
1368 interlocal agreement. Development and construction costs for
1369 alternative source facilities, which may include a desalination
1370 facility and significant regional interconnects, must be borne
1371 as mutually agreed to by both the authority and the Southwest
1372 Florida Water Management District. Nothing herein shall preclude
1373 authority or district cost sharing with private entities for the
1374 construction or ownership of alternative source facilities. By
1375 December 31, 1997, the authority and the Southwest Florida Water
1376 Management District shall enter into a mutually acceptable
1377 agreement detailing the development and implementation of
1378 directives contained in this paragraph. Nothing in this section
1379 shall be construed to modify the rights or responsibilities of
1380 the authority or its member governments, except as otherwise
1381 provided herein, or of the Southwest Florida Water Management
1382 District or the department pursuant to this chapter or chapter
1383 403 and as otherwise set forth by statutes.
1384 (g) Unless otherwise provided in the interlocal agreement,
1385 the authority shall be governed by a board of commissioners
1386 consisting of nine voting members, all of whom must be elected
1387 officers, as follows:
1388 1. Three members from Hillsborough County who must be
1389 selected by the county commission; provided, however, that one
1390 member shall be selected by the Mayor of Tampa in the event that
1391 the City of Tampa elects to be a member of the authority;
1392 2. Three members from Pasco County, two of whom must be
1393 selected by the county commission and one of whom must be
1394 selected by the City Council of New Port Richey; and
1395 3. Three members from Pinellas County, two of whom must be
1396 selected by the county commission and one of whom must be
1397 selected by the City Council of St. Petersburg.
1399 Except as otherwise provided in this section or in the voluntary
1400 interlocal agreement between the member governments, a majority
1401 vote shall bind the authority and its member governments in all
1402 matters relating to the funding of wholesale water supply,
1403 production, delivery, and related activities.
1404 (2) The provisions of this section supersede any
1405 conflicting provisions contained in all other general or special
1406 laws or provisions thereof as they may apply directly or
1407 indirectly to the exclusivity of water supply or withdrawal of
1408 water, including provisions relating to the environmental
1409 effects, if any, in conjunction with the production and supply
1410 of potable water, and the provisions of this section are
1411 intended to be a complete revision of all laws related to a
1412 regional water supply authority created under s. 373.713 and
1413 this section.
1414 (3) In lieu of the provisions in s. 373.713(2)(a), the
1415 Southwest Florida Water Management District shall assist the
1416 West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority for a period of 5
1417 years, terminating December 31, 1981, by levying an ad valorem
1418 tax, upon request of the authority, of not more than 0.05 mill
1419 on all taxable property within the limits of the authority.
1420 During such period the corresponding basin board ad valorem tax
1421 levies shall be reduced accordingly.
1422 (4) The authority shall prepare its annual budget in the
1423 same manner as prescribed for the preparation of basin budgets,
1424 but such authority budget shall not be subject to review by the
1425 respective basin boards or by the governing board of the
1427 (5) The annual millage for the authority shall be the
1428 amount required to raise the amount called for by the annual
1429 budget when applied to the total assessment on all taxable
1430 property within the limits of the authority, as determined for
1431 county taxing purposes.
1432 (6) The authority may, by resolution, request the governing
1433 board of the district to levy ad valorem taxes within the
1434 boundaries of the authority. Upon receipt of such request,
1435 together with formal certification of the adoption of its annual
1436 budget and of the required tax levy, the authority tax levy
1437 shall be made by the governing board of the district to finance
1438 authority functions.
1439 (7) The taxes provided for in this section shall be
1440 extended by the property appraiser on the county tax roll in
1441 each county within, or partly within, the authority boundaries
1442 and shall be collected by the tax collector in the same manner
1443 and time as county taxes, and the proceeds therefrom paid to the
1444 district which shall forthwith pay them over to the authority.
1445 Until paid, such taxes shall be a lien on the property against
1446 which assessed and enforceable in like manner as county taxes.
1447 The property appraisers, tax collectors, and clerks of the
1448 circuit court of the respective counties shall be entitled to
1449 compensation for services performed in connection with such
1450 taxes at the same rates as apply to county taxes.
1451 (8) The governing board of the district shall not be
1452 responsible for any actions or lack of actions by the authority.
1453 Section 2. Subsection (13) of section 120.52, Florida
1454 Statutes, is amended to read:
1455 120.52 Definitions.—As used in this act:
1456 (13) “Party” means:
1457 (a) Specifically named persons whose substantial interests
1458 are being determined in the proceeding.
1459 (b) Any other person who, as a matter of constitutional
1460 right, provision of statute, or provision of agency regulation,
1461 is entitled to participate in whole or in part in the
1462 proceeding, or whose substantial interests will be affected by
1463 proposed agency action, and who makes an appearance as a party.
1464 (c) Any other person, including an agency staff member,
1465 allowed by the agency to intervene or participate in the
1466 proceeding as a party. An agency may by rule authorize limited
1467 forms of participation in agency proceedings for persons who are
1468 not eligible to become parties.
1469 (d) Any county representative, agency, department, or unit
1470 funded and authorized by state statute or county ordinance to
1471 represent the interests of the consumers of a county, when the
1472 proceeding involves the substantial interests of a significant
1473 number of residents of the county and the board of county
1474 commissioners has, by resolution, authorized the representative,
1475 agency, department, or unit to represent the class of interested
1476 persons. The authorizing resolution shall apply to a specific
1477 proceeding and to appeals and ancillary proceedings thereto, and
1478 it shall not be required to state the names of the persons whose
1479 interests are to be represented.
1481 The term “party” does not include a member government of a
1482 regional water supply authority or a governmental or quasi
1483 judicial board or commission established by local ordinance or
1484 special or general law where the governing membership of such
1485 board or commission is shared with, in whole or in part, or
1486 appointed by a member government of a regional water supply
1487 authority in proceedings under s. 120.569, s. 120.57, or s.
1488 120.68, to the extent that an interlocal agreement under ss.
1489 163.01 and 373.713
373.1962 exists in which the member
1490 government has agreed that its substantial interests are not
1491 affected by the proceedings or that it is to be bound by
1492 alternative dispute resolution in lieu of participating in the
1493 proceedings. This exclusion applies only to those particular
1494 types of disputes or controversies, if any, identified in an
1495 interlocal agreement.
1496 Section 3. Subsection (13) of section 163.3167, Florida
1497 Statutes, is amended to read:
1498 163.3167 Scope of act.—
1499 (13) Each local government shall address in its
1500 comprehensive plan, as enumerated in this chapter, the water
1501 supply sources necessary to meet and achieve the existing and
1502 projected water use demand for the established planning period,
1503 considering the applicable plan developed pursuant to s. 373.709
1505 Section 4. Paragraph (a) of subsection (4) and paragraphs
1506 (c), (d), and (h) of subsection (6) of section 163.3177, Florida
1507 Statutes, are amended to read:
1508 163.3177 Required and optional elements of comprehensive
1509 plan; studies and surveys.—
1510 (4)(a) Coordination of the local comprehensive plan with
1511 the comprehensive plans of adjacent municipalities, the county,
1512 adjacent counties, or the region; with the appropriate water
1513 management district’s regional water supply plans approved
1514 pursuant to s. 373.709 373.0361; with adopted rules pertaining
1515 to designated areas of critical state concern; and with the
1516 state comprehensive plan shall be a major objective of the local
1517 comprehensive planning process. To that end, in the preparation
1518 of a comprehensive plan or element thereof, and in the
1519 comprehensive plan or element as adopted, the governing body
1520 shall include a specific policy statement indicating the
1521 relationship of the proposed development of the area to the
1522 comprehensive plans of adjacent municipalities, the county,
1523 adjacent counties, or the region and to the state comprehensive
1524 plan, as the case may require and as such adopted plans or plans
1525 in preparation may exist.
1526 (6) In addition to the requirements of subsections (1)-(5)
1527 and (12), the comprehensive plan shall include the following
1529 (c) A general sanitary sewer, solid waste, drainage,
1530 potable water, and natural groundwater aquifer recharge element
1531 correlated to principles and guidelines for future land use,
1532 indicating ways to provide for future potable water, drainage,
1533 sanitary sewer, solid waste, and aquifer recharge protection
1534 requirements for the area. The element may be a detailed
1535 engineering plan including a topographic map depicting areas of
1536 prime groundwater recharge. The element shall describe the
1537 problems and needs and the general facilities that will be
1538 required for solution of the problems and needs. The element
1539 shall also include a topographic map depicting any areas adopted
1540 by a regional water management district as prime groundwater
1541 recharge areas for the Floridan or Biscayne aquifers. These
1542 areas shall be given special consideration when the local
1543 government is engaged in zoning or considering future land use
1544 for said designated areas. For areas served by septic tanks,
1545 soil surveys shall be provided which indicate the suitability of
1546 soils for septic tanks. Within 18 months after the governing
1547 board approves an updated regional water supply plan, the
1548 element must incorporate the alternative water supply project or
1549 projects selected by the local government from those identified
1550 in the regional water supply plan pursuant to s. 373.709(2)(a)
1551 373.0361 (2)(a) or proposed by the local government under s.
1552 373.709(8)(b) 373.0361 (8)(b). If a local government is located
1553 within two water management districts, the local government
1554 shall adopt its comprehensive plan amendment within 18 months
1555 after the later updated regional water supply plan. The element
1556 must identify such alternative water supply projects and
1557 traditional water supply projects and conservation and reuse
1558 necessary to meet the water needs identified in s. 373.709(2)(a)
1559 373.0361 (2)(a) within the local government’s jurisdiction and
1560 include a work plan, covering at least a 10 year planning
1561 period, for building public, private, and regional water supply
1562 facilities, including development of alternative water supplies,
1563 which are identified in the element as necessary to serve
1564 existing and new development. The work plan shall be updated, at
1565 a minimum, every 5 years within 18 months after the governing
1566 board of a water management district approves an updated
1567 regional water supply plan. Amendments to incorporate the work
1568 plan do not count toward the limitation on the frequency of
1569 adoption of amendments to the comprehensive plan. Local
1570 governments, public and private utilities, regional water supply
1571 authorities, special districts, and water management districts
1572 are encouraged to cooperatively plan for the development of
1573 multijurisdictional water supply facilities that are sufficient
1574 to meet projected demands for established planning periods,
1575 including the development of alternative water sources to
1576 supplement traditional sources of groundwater and surface water
1578 (d) A conservation element for the conservation, use, and
1579 protection of natural resources in the area, including air,
1580 water, water recharge areas, wetlands, waterwells, estuarine
1581 marshes, soils, beaches, shores, flood plains, rivers, bays,
1582 lakes, harbors, forests, fisheries and wildlife, marine habitat,
1583 minerals, and other natural and environmental resources,
1584 including factors that affect energy conservation. Local
1585 governments shall assess their current, as well as projected,
1586 water needs and sources for at least a 10-year period,
1587 considering the appropriate regional water supply plan approved
1588 pursuant to s. 373.709 373.0361, or, in the absence of an
1589 approved regional water supply plan, the district water
1590 management plan approved pursuant to s. 373.036(2). This
1591 information shall be submitted to the appropriate agencies. The
1592 land use map or map series contained in the future land use
1593 element shall generally identify and depict the following:
1594 1. Existing and planned waterwells and cones of influence
1595 where applicable.
1596 2. Beaches and shores, including estuarine systems.
1597 3. Rivers, bays, lakes, flood plains, and harbors.
1598 4. Wetlands.
1599 5. Minerals and soils.
1600 6. Energy conservation.
1602 The land uses identified on such maps shall be consistent with
1603 applicable state law and rules.
1604 (h)1. An intergovernmental coordination element showing
1605 relationships and stating principles and guidelines to be used
1606 in the accomplishment of coordination of the adopted
1607 comprehensive plan with the plans of school boards, regional
1608 water supply authorities, and other units of local government
1609 providing services but not having regulatory authority over the
1610 use of land, with the comprehensive plans of adjacent
1611 municipalities, the county, adjacent counties, or the region,
1612 with the state comprehensive plan and with the applicable
1613 regional water supply plan approved pursuant to s. 373.709
1614 373.0361, as the case may require and as such adopted plans or
1615 plans in preparation may exist. This element of the local
1616 comprehensive plan shall demonstrate consideration of the
1617 particular effects of the local plan, when adopted, upon the
1618 development of adjacent municipalities, the county, adjacent
1619 counties, or the region, or upon the state comprehensive plan,
1620 as the case may require.
1621 a. The intergovernmental coordination element shall provide
1622 procedures to identify and implement joint planning areas,
1623 especially for the purpose of annexation, municipal
1624 incorporation, and joint infrastructure service areas.
1625 b. The intergovernmental coordination element shall provide
1626 for recognition of campus master plans prepared pursuant to s.
1627 1013.30 and airport master plans under paragraph(k).
1628 c. The intergovernmental coordination element shall provide
1629 for a dispute resolution process as established pursuant to s.
1630 186.509 for bringing to closure in a timely manner
1631 intergovernmental disputes.
1632 d. The intergovernmental coordination element shall provide
1633 for interlocal agreements as established pursuant to s.
1635 2. The intergovernmental coordination element shall further
1636 state principles and guidelines to be used in the accomplishment
1637 of coordination of the adopted comprehensive plan with the plans
1638 of school boards and other units of local government providing
1639 facilities and services but not having regulatory authority over
1640 the use of land. In addition, the intergovernmental coordination
1641 element shall describe joint processes for collaborative
1642 planning and decisionmaking on population projections and public
1643 school siting, the location and extension of public facilities
1644 subject to concurrency, and siting facilities with countywide
1645 significance, including locally unwanted land uses whose nature
1646 and identity are established in an agreement. Within 1 year of
1647 adopting their intergovernmental coordination elements, each
1648 county, all the municipalities within that county, the district
1649 school board, and any unit of local government service providers
1650 in that county shall establish by interlocal or other formal
1651 agreement executed by all affected entities, the joint processes
1652 described in this subparagraph consistent with their adopted
1653 intergovernmental coordination elements.
1654 3. To foster coordination between special districts and
1655 local general-purpose governments as local general-purpose
1656 governments implement local comprehensive plans, each
1657 independent special district must submit a public facilities
1658 report to the appropriate local government as required by s.
1660 4.a. Local governments shall execute an interlocal
1661 agreement with the district school board, the county, and
1662 nonexempt municipalities pursuant to s. 163.31777. The local
1663 government shall amend the intergovernmental coordination
1664 element to provide that coordination between the local
1665 government and school board is pursuant to the agreement and
1666 shall state the obligations of the local government under the
1668 b. Plan amendments that comply with this subparagraph are
1669 exempt from the provisions of s. 163.3187(1).
1670 5. The state land planning agency shall establish a
1671 schedule for phased completion and transmittal of plan
1672 amendments to implement subparagraphs 1., 2., and 3. from all
1673 jurisdictions so as to accomplish their adoption by December 31,
1674 1999. A local government may complete and transmit its plan
1675 amendments to carry out these provisions prior to the scheduled
1676 date established by the state land planning agency. The plan
1677 amendments are exempt from the provisions of s. 163.3187(1).
1678 6. By January 1, 2004, any county having a population
1679 greater than 100,000, and the municipalities and special
1680 districts within that county, shall submit a report to the
1681 Department of Community Affairs which:
1682 a. Identifies all existing or proposed interlocal service
1683 delivery agreements regarding the following: education; sanitary
1684 sewer; public safety; solid waste; drainage; potable water;
1685 parks and recreation; and transportation facilities.
1686 b. Identifies any deficits or duplication in the provision
1687 of services within its jurisdiction, whether capital or
1688 operational. Upon request, the Department of Community Affairs
1689 shall provide technical assistance to the local governments in
1690 identifying deficits or duplication.
1691 7. Within 6 months after submission of the report, the
1692 Department of Community Affairs shall, through the appropriate
1693 regional planning council, coordinate a meeting of all local
1694 governments within the regional planning area to discuss the
1695 reports and potential strategies to remedy any identified
1696 deficiencies or duplications.
1697 8. Each local government shall update its intergovernmental
1698 coordination element based upon the findings in the report
1699 submitted pursuant to subparagraph 6. The report may be used as
1700 supporting data and analysis for the intergovernmental
1701 coordination element.
1702 Section 5. Paragraph (l) of subsection (2) of section
1703 163.3191, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
1704 163.3191 Evaluation and appraisal of comprehensive plan.—
1705 (2) The report shall present an evaluation and assessment
1706 of the comprehensive plan and shall contain appropriate
1707 statements to update the comprehensive plan, including, but not
1708 limited to, words, maps, illustrations, or other media, related
1710 (l) The extent to which the local government has been
1711 successful in identifying alternative water supply projects and
1712 traditional water supply projects, including conservation and
1713 reuse, necessary to meet the water needs identified in s.
1714 373.709(2)(a) 373.0361 (2)(a) within the local government’s
1715 jurisdiction. The report must evaluate the degree to which the
1716 local government has implemented the work plan for building
1717 public, private, and regional water supply facilities, including
1718 development of alternative water supplies, identified in the
1719 element as necessary to serve existing and new development.
1720 Section 6. Paragraphs (c) and (d) of subsection (4) of
1721 section 189.404, Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
1722 189.404 Legislative intent for the creation of independent
1723 special districts; special act prohibitions; model elements and
1724 other requirements; general-purpose local government/Governor
1725 and Cabinet creation authorizations.—
1726 (4) LOCAL GOVERNMENT/GOVERNOR AND CABINET CREATION
1727 AUTHORIZATIONS.—Except as otherwise authorized by general law,
1728 only the Legislature may create independent special districts.
1729 (c) The Governor and Cabinet may create an independent
1730 special district which shall be established by rule in
1731 accordance with s. 190.005 or as otherwise authorized in general
1732 law. The Governor and Cabinet may also approve the establishment
1733 of a charter for the creation of an independent special district
1734 which shall be in accordance with s. 373.713 373.1962, or as
1735 otherwise authorized in general law.
1736 (d)1. Any combination of two or more counties may create a
1737 regional special district which shall be established in
1738 accordance with s. 950.001, or as otherwise authorized in
1739 general law.
1740 2. Any combination of two or more counties or
1741 municipalities may create a regional special district which
1742 shall be established in accordance with s. 373.713 373.1962, or
1743 as otherwise authorized by general law.
1744 3. Any combination of two or more counties, municipalities,
1745 or other political subdivisions may create a regional special
1746 district in accordance with s. 163.567, or as otherwise
1747 authorized in general law.
1748 Section 7. Subsection (3) of section 189.4155, Florida
1749 Statutes, is amended to read:
1750 189.4155 Activities of special districts; local government
1751 comprehensive planning.—
1752 (3) The provisions of this section shall not apply to water
1753 management districts created pursuant to s. 373.069, to regional
1754 water supply authorities created pursuant to s. 373.713
1755 373.1962, or to spoil disposal sites owned or used by the
1756 Federal Government.
1757 Section 8. Section 189.4156, Florida Statutes, is amended
1758 to read:
1759 189.4156 Water management district technical assistance;
1760 local government comprehensive planning.—Water management
1761 districts shall assist local governments in the development of
1762 local government comprehensive plan elements related to water
1763 resource issues as required by s. 373.711 373.0391.
1764 Section 9. Subsection (7) of section 367.021, Florida
1765 Statutes, is amended to read:
1766 367.021 Definitions.—As used in this chapter, the following
1767 words or terms shall have the meanings indicated:
1768 (7) “Governmental authority” means a political subdivision,
1769 as defined by s. 1.01(8), a regional water supply authority
1770 created pursuant to s. 373.713 373.1962, or a nonprofit
1771 corporation formed for the purpose of acting on behalf of a
1772 political subdivision with respect to a water or wastewater
1774 Section 10. Subsections (1) and (17) of section 373.019,
1775 Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
1776 373.019 Definitions.—When appearing in this chapter or in
1777 any rule, regulation, or order adopted pursuant thereto, the
1779 (1) “Alternative water supplies” means salt water; brackish
1780 surface and groundwater; surface water captured predominately
1781 during wet-weather flows; sources made available through the
1782 addition of new storage capacity for surface or groundwater,
1783 water that has been reclaimed after one or more public supply,
1784 municipal, industrial, commercial, or agricultural uses; the
1785 downstream augmentation of water bodies with reclaimed water;
1786 stormwater; quantifiable water savings from water conservation
1787 projects; and any other water supply source that is designated
1788 as nontraditional for a water supply planning region in the
1789 applicable regional water supply plan.
1790 (17) “Regional water supply plan” means a detailed water
1791 supply plan developed by a governing board under s. 373.709 s.
1793 Section 11. Paragraph (b) of subsection (2) and paragraph
1794 (b) of subsection (7) of section 373.036, Florida Statutes, are
1795 amended to read:
1796 373.036 Florida water plan; district water management
1798 (2) DISTRICT WATER MANAGEMENT PLANS.—
1799 (b) The district water management plan shall include, but
1800 not be limited to:
1801 1. The scientific methodologies for establishing minimum
1802 flows and levels under s. 373.042, and all established minimum
1803 flows and levels.
1804 2. Identification of one or more water supply planning
1805 regions that singly or together encompass the entire district.
1806 3. Technical data and information prepared under s. 373.711
1808 4. A districtwide water supply assessment, to be completed
1809 no later than July 1, 1998, which determines for each water
1810 supply planning region:
1811 a. Existing legal uses, reasonably anticipated future
1812 needs, and existing and reasonably anticipated sources of water
1813 and conservation efforts; and
1814 b. Whether existing and reasonably anticipated sources of
1815 water and conservation efforts are adequate to supply water for
1816 all existing legal uses and reasonably anticipated future needs
1817 and to sustain the water resources and related natural systems.
1818 5. Any completed regional water supply plans.
1819 (7) CONSOLIDATED WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT ANNUAL REPORT.—
1820 (b) The consolidated annual report shall contain the
1821 following elements, as appropriate to that water management
1823 1. A district water management plan annual report or the
1824 annual work plan report allowed in subparagraph (2)(e)4.
1825 2. The department-approved minimum flows and levels annual
1826 priority list and schedule required by s. 373.042(2).
1827 3. The annual 5-year capital improvements plan required by
1828 s. 373.536(6)(a)3.
1829 4. The alternative water supplies annual report required by
1830 s. 373.707(8)(n) 373.1961 (3)(n).
1831 5. The final annual 5-year water resource development work
1832 program required by s. 373.536(6)(a)4.
1833 6. The Florida Forever Water Management District Work Plan
1834 annual report required by s. 373.199(7).
1835 7. The mitigation donation annual report required by s.
1837 Section 12. Paragraphs (a) and (e) of subsection (4) of
1838 section 373.0363, Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
1839 373.0363 Southern Water Use Caution Area Recovery
1841 (4) The West-Central Florida Water Restoration Action Plan
1843 (a) The Central West Coast Surface Water Enhancement
1844 Initiative. The purpose of this initiative is to make additional
1845 surface waters available for public supply through restoration
1846 of surface waters, natural water flows, and freshwater wetland
1847 communities. This initiative is designed to allow limits on
1848 groundwater withdrawals in order to slow the rate of saltwater
1849 intrusion. The initiative shall be an ongoing program in
1850 cooperation with the Peace River-Manasota Regional Water Supply
1851 Authority created under s. 373.713 373.1962.
1852 (e) The Central Florida Water Resource Development
1853 Initiative. The purpose of this initiative is to create and
1854 implement a long-term plan that takes a comprehensive approach
1855 to limit ground water withdrawals in the Southern Water Use
1856 Caution Area and to identify and develop alternative water
1857 supplies for Polk County. The project components developed
1858 pursuant to this initiative are eligible for state and regional
1859 funding under s. 373.707 373.196 as an alternative water supply,
1860 as defined in s. 373.019, or as a supplemental water supply
1861 under the rules of the Southwest Florida Water Management
1862 District or the South Florida Water Management District. The
1863 initiative shall be implemented by the district as an ongoing
1864 program in cooperation with Polk County and the South Florida
1865 Water Management District.
1866 Section 13. Subsection (2) of section 373.0421, Florida
1867 Statutes, is amended to read:
1868 373.0421 Establishment and implementation of minimum flows
1869 and levels.—
1870 (2) If the existing flow or level in a water body is below,
1871 or is projected to fall within 20 years below, the applicable
1872 minimum flow or level established pursuant to s. 373.042, the
1873 department or governing board, as part of the regional water
1874 supply plan described in s. 373.709 373.0361, shall
1875 expeditiously implement a recovery or prevention strategy, which
1876 includes the development of additional water supplies and other
1877 actions, consistent with the authority granted by this chapter,
1879 (a) Achieve recovery to the established minimum flow or
1880 level as soon as practicable; or
1881 (b) Prevent the existing flow or level from falling below
1882 the established minimum flow or level.
1884 The recovery or prevention strategy shall include phasing or a
1885 timetable which will allow for the provision of sufficient water
1886 supplies for all existing and projected reasonable-beneficial
1887 uses, including development of additional water supplies and
1888 implementation of conservation and other efficiency measures
1889 concurrent with, to the extent practical, and to offset,
1890 reductions in permitted withdrawals, consistent with the
1891 provisions of this chapter.
1892 Section 14. Subsection (4) of section 373.0695, Florida
1893 Statutes, is amended to read:
1894 373.0695 Duties of basin boards; authorized expenditures.—
1895 (4) In the exercise of the duties and powers granted
1896 herein, the basin boards shall be subject to all the limitations
1897 and restrictions imposed on the water management districts in s.
1898 373.703 373.1961.
1899 Section 15. Subsections (3) and (5) of section 373.223,
1900 Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
1901 373.223 Conditions for a permit.—
1902 (3) Except for the transport and use of water supplied by
1903 the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control Project, and
1904 anywhere in the state when the transport and use of water is
1905 supplied exclusively for bottled water as defined in s.
1906 500.03(1)(d), any water use permit applications pending as of
1907 April 1, 1998, with the Northwest Florida Water Management
1908 District and self-suppliers of water for which the proposed
1909 water source and area of use or application are located on
1910 contiguous private properties, when evaluating whether a
1911 potential transport and use of ground or surface water across
1912 county boundaries is consistent with the public interest,
1913 pursuant to paragraph (1)(c), the governing board or department
1914 shall consider:
1915 (a) The proximity of the proposed water source to the area
1916 of use or application.
1917 (b) All impoundments, streams, groundwater sources, or
1918 watercourses that are geographically closer to the area of use
1919 or application than the proposed source, and that are
1920 technically and economically feasible for the proposed transport
1921 and use.
1922 (c) All economically and technically feasible alternatives
1923 to the proposed source, including, but not limited to,
1924 desalination, conservation, reuse of nonpotable reclaimed water
1925 and stormwater, and aquifer storage and recovery.
1926 (d) The potential environmental impacts that may result
1927 from the transport and use of water from the proposed source,
1928 and the potential environmental impacts that may result from use
1929 of the other water sources identified in paragraphs (b) and (c).
1930 (e) Whether existing and reasonably anticipated sources of
1931 water and conservation efforts are adequate to supply water for
1932 existing legal uses and reasonably anticipated future needs of
1933 the water supply planning region in which the proposed water
1934 source is located.
1935 (f) Consultations with local governments affected by the
1936 proposed transport and use.
1937 (g) The value of the existing capital investment in water
1938 related infrastructure made by the applicant.
1940 Where districtwide water supply assessments and regional water
1941 supply plans have been prepared pursuant to ss. 373.036 and
1942 373.709 373.0361, the governing board or the department shall
1943 use the applicable plans and assessments as the basis for its
1944 consideration of the applicable factors in this subsection.
1945 (5) In evaluating an application for consumptive use of
1946 water which proposes the use of an alternative water supply
1947 project as described in the regional water supply plan and
1948 provides reasonable assurances of the applicant’s capability to
1949 design, construct, operate, and maintain the project, the
1950 governing board or department shall presume that the alternative
1951 water supply use is consistent with the public interest under
1952 paragraph (1)(c). However, where the governing board identifies
1953 the need for a multijurisdictional water supply entity or
1954 regional water supply authority to develop the alternative water
1955 supply project pursuant to s. 373.709(2)(a)2. 373.0361 (2)(a)2.,
1956 the presumption shall be accorded only to that use proposed by
1957 such entity or authority. This subsection does not effect
1958 evaluation of the use pursuant to the provisions of paragraphs
1959 (1)(a) and (b), subsections (2) and (3), and ss. 373.2295 and
1961 Section 16. Section 373.2234, Florida Statutes, is amended
1962 to read:
1963 373.2234 Preferred water supply sources.—The governing
1964 board of a water management district is authorized to adopt
1965 rules that identify preferred water supply sources for
1966 consumptive uses for which there is sufficient data to establish
1967 that a preferred source will provide a substantial new water
1968 supply to meet the existing and projected reasonable-beneficial
1969 uses of a water supply planning region identified pursuant to s.
1970 373.709(1) 373.0361 (1), while sustaining existing water
1971 resources and natural systems. At a minimum, such rules must
1972 contain a description of the preferred water supply source and
1973 an assessment of the water the preferred source is projected to
1974 produce. If an applicant proposes to use a preferred water
1975 supply source, that applicant’s proposed water use is subject to
1976 s. 373.223(1), except that the proposed use of a preferred water
1977 supply source must be considered by a water management district
1978 when determining whether a permit applicant’s proposed use of
1979 water is consistent with the public interest pursuant to s.
1980 373.223(1)(c). A consumptive use permit issued for the use of a
1981 preferred water supply source must be granted, when requested by
1982 the applicant, for at least a 20-year period and may be subject
1983 to the compliance reporting provisions of s. 373.236(4). Nothing
1984 in this section shall be construed to exempt the use of
1985 preferred water supply sources from the provisions of ss.
1986 373.016(4) and 373.223(2) and (3), or be construed to provide
1987 that permits issued for the use of a nonpreferred water supply
1988 source must be issued for a duration of less than 20 years or
1989 that the use of a nonpreferred water supply source is not
1990 consistent with the public interest. Additionally, nothing in
1991 this section shall be interpreted to require the use of a
1992 preferred water supply source or to restrict or prohibit the use
1993 of a nonpreferred water supply source. Rules adopted by the
1994 governing board of a water management district to implement this
1995 section shall specify that the use of a preferred water supply
1996 source is not required and that the use of a nonpreferred water
1997 supply source is not restricted or prohibited.
1998 Section 17. Subsection (3) of section 373.229, Florida
1999 Statutes, is amended to read:
2000 373.229 Application for permit.—
2001 (3) In addition to the information required in subsection
2002 (1), all permit applications filed with the governing board or
2003 the department which propose the transport and use of water
2004 across county boundaries shall include information pertaining to
2005 factors to be considered, pursuant to s. 373.223(3), unless
2006 exempt under s. 373.713(9) 373.1962 (9).
2007 Section 18. Paragraph (a) of subsection (6) of section
2008 373.236, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
2009 373.236 Duration of permits; compliance reports.—
2010 (6)(a) The Legislature finds that the need for alternative
2011 water supply development projects to meet anticipated public
2012 water supply demands of the state is so important that it is
2013 essential to encourage participation in and contribution to
2014 these projects by private-rural-land owners who
2015 characteristically have relatively modest near-term water
2016 demands but substantially increasing demands after the 20-year
2017 planning period in s. 373.709 373.0361. Therefore, where such
2018 landowners make extraordinary contributions of lands or
2019 construction funding to enable the expeditious implementation of
2020 such projects, water management districts and the department may
2021 grant permits for such projects for a period of up to 50 years
2022 to municipalities, counties, special districts, regional water
2023 supply authorities, multijurisdictional water supply entities,
2024 and publicly or privately owned utilities, with the exception of
2025 any publicly or privately owned utilities created for or by a
2026 private landowner after April 1, 2008, which have entered into
2027 an agreement with the private landowner for the purpose of more
2028 efficiently pursuing alternative public water supply development
2029 projects identified in a district’s regional water supply plan
2030 and meeting water demands of both the applicant and the
2032 Section 19. Paragraph (a) of subsection (6) of section
2033 373.536, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
2034 373.536 District budget and hearing thereon.—
2035 (6) FINAL BUDGET; ANNUAL AUDIT; CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS PLAN;
2036 WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT WORK PROGRAM.—
2037 (a) Each district must, by the date specified for each
2038 item, furnish copies of the following documents to the Governor,
2039 the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of
2040 Representatives, the chairs of all legislative committees and
2041 subcommittees having substantive or fiscal jurisdiction over the
2042 districts, as determined by the President of the Senate or the
2043 Speaker of the House of Representatives as applicable, the
2044 secretary of the department, and the governing board of each
2045 county in which the district has jurisdiction or derives any
2046 funds for the operations of the district:
2047 1. The adopted budget, to be furnished within 10 days after
2048 its adoption.
2049 2. A financial audit of its accounts and records, to be
2050 furnished within 10 days after its acceptance by the governing
2051 board. The audit must be conducted in accordance with the
2052 provisions of s. 11.45 and the rules adopted thereunder. In
2053 addition to the entities named above, the district must provide
2054 a copy of the audit to the Auditor General within 10 days after
2055 its acceptance by the governing board.
2056 3. A 5-year capital improvements plan, to be included in
2057 the consolidated annual report required by s. 373.036(7). The
2058 plan must include expected sources of revenue for planned
2059 improvements and must be prepared in a manner comparable to the
2060 fixed capital outlay format set forth in s. 216.043.
2061 4. A 5-year water resource development work program to be
2062 furnished within 30 days after the adoption of the final budget.
2063 The program must describe the district’s implementation strategy
2064 for the water resource development component of each approved
2065 regional water supply plan developed or revised under s. 373.709
2066 373.0361. The work program must address all the elements of the
2067 water resource development component in the district’s approved
2068 regional water supply plans and must identify which projects in
2069 the work program will provide water, explain how each water
2070 resource development project will produce additional water
2071 available for consumptive uses, estimate the quantity of water
2072 to be produced by each project, and provide an assessment of the
2073 contribution of the district’s regional water supply plans in
2074 providing sufficient water to meet the water supply needs of
2075 existing and future reasonable-beneficial uses for a 1-in-10
2076 year drought event. Within 30 days after its submittal, the
2077 department shall review the proposed work program and submit its
2078 findings, questions, and comments to the district. The review
2079 must include a written evaluation of the program’s consistency
2080 with the furtherance of the district’s approved regional water
2081 supply plans, and the adequacy of proposed expenditures. As part
2082 of the review, the department shall give interested parties the
2083 opportunity to provide written comments on each district’s
2084 proposed work program. Within 45 days after receipt of the
2085 department’s evaluation, the governing board shall state in
2086 writing to the department which changes recommended in the
2087 evaluation it will incorporate into its work program submitted
2088 as part of the March 1 consolidated annual report required by s.
2089 373.036(7) or specify the reasons for not incorporating the
2090 changes. The department shall include the district’s responses
2091 in a final evaluation report and shall submit a copy of the
2092 report to the Governor, the President of the Senate, and the
2093 Speaker of the House of Representatives.
2094 Section 20. Subsection (11) of section 373.59, Florida
2095 Statutes, is amended to read:
2096 373.59 Water Management Lands Trust Fund.—
2097 (11) Notwithstanding any provision of this section to the
2098 contrary, the governing board of a water management district may
2099 request, and the Secretary of Environmental Protection shall
2100 release upon such request, moneys allocated to the districts
2101 pursuant to subsection (8) for purposes consistent with the
2102 provisions of s. 373.709 373.0361, s. 373.705 373.0831, s.
2103 373.139, or ss. 373.451-373.4595 and for legislatively
2104 authorized land acquisition and water restoration initiatives.
2105 No funds may be used pursuant to this subsection until necessary
2106 debt service obligations, requirements for payments in lieu of
2107 taxes, and land management obligations that may be required by
2108 this chapter are provided for.
2109 Section 21. Paragraph (g) of subsection (1) of section
2110 378.212, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
2111 378.212 Variances.—
2112 (1) Upon application, the secretary may grant a variance
2113 from the provisions of this part or the rules adopted pursuant
2114 thereto. Variances and renewals thereof may be granted for any
2115 one of the following reasons:
2116 (g) To accommodate reclamation that provides water supply
2117 development or water resource development not inconsistent with
2118 the applicable regional water supply plan approved pursuant to
2119 s. 373.709 373.0361, provided adverse impacts are not caused to
2120 the water resources in the basin. A variance may also be granted
2121 from the requirements of part IV of chapter 373, or the rules
2122 adopted thereunder, when a project provides an improvement in
2123 water availability in the basin and does not cause adverse
2124 impacts to water resources in the basin.
2125 Section 22. Subsection (9) of section 378.404, Florida
2126 Statutes, is amended to read:
2127 378.404 Department of Environmental Protection; powers and
2128 duties.—The department shall have the following powers and
2130 (9) To grant variances from the provisions of this part to
2131 accommodate reclamation that provides for water supply
2132 development or water resource development not inconsistent with
2133 the applicable regional water supply plan approved pursuant to
2134 s. 373.709 373.0361, appropriate stormwater management, improved
2135 wildlife habitat, recreation, or a mixture thereof, provided
2136 adverse impacts are not caused to the water resources in the
2137 basin and public health and safety are not adversely affected.
2138 Section 23. Paragraph (a) of subsection (3) of section
2139 403.0891, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
2140 403.0891 State, regional, and local stormwater management
2141 plans and programs.—The department, the water management
2142 districts, and local governments shall have the responsibility
2143 for the development of mutually compatible stormwater management
2145 (3)(a) Each local government required by chapter 163 to
2146 submit a comprehensive plan, whose plan is submitted after July
2147 1, 1992, and the others when updated after July 1, 1992, in the
2148 development of its stormwater management program described by
2149 elements within its comprehensive plan shall consider the water
2150 resource implementation rule, district stormwater management
2151 goals, plans approved pursuant to the Surface Water Improvement
2152 and Management Act, ss. 373.451-373.4595, and technical
2153 assistance information provided by the water management
2154 districts pursuant to s. 373.711 373.0391.
2155 Section 24. Section 403.890, Florida Statutes, is amended
2156 to read:
2157 403.890 Water Protection and Sustainability Program ;
2158 intent; goals; purposes.—
2159 (1) Effective July 1, 2006, revenues transferred from the
2160 Department of Revenue pursuant to s. 201.15 (1)(c)2. shall be
2161 deposited into the Water Protection and Sustainability Program
2162 Trust Fund in the Department of Environmental Protection. These
2163 revenues and any other additional revenues deposited into or
2164 appropriated to the Water Protection and Sustainability Program
2165 Trust Fund shall be distributed by the Department of
2166 Environmental Protection in the following manner:
2167 (a) Sixty percent to the Department of Environmental
2168 Protection for the implementation of an alternative water supply
2169 program as provided in s. 373.1961 .
2170 (b) Twenty percent for the implementation of best
2171 management practices and capital project expenditures necessary
2172 for the implementation of the goals of the total maximum daily
2173 load program established in s. 403.067 . Of these funds, 85
2174 percent shall be transferred to the credit of the Department of
2175 Environmental Protection Water Quality Assurance Trust Fund to
2176 address water quality impacts associated with nonagricultural
2177 nonpoint sources. Fifteen percent of these funds shall be
2178 transferred to the Department of Agriculture and Consumer
2179 Services General Inspection Trust Fund to address water quality
2180 impacts associated with agricultural nonpoint sources. These
2181 funds shall be used for research, development, demonstration,
2182 and implementation of the total maximum daily load program under
2183 s. 403.067 , suitable best management practices or other measures
2184 used to achieve water quality standards in surface waters and
2185 water segments identified pursuant to s. 303(d) of the Clean
2186 Water Act, Pub. L. No. 92-500, 33 U.S.C. ss. 1251 et seq.
2187 Implementation of best management practices and other measures
2188 may include cost-share grants, technical assistance,
2189 implementation tracking, and conservation leases or other
2190 agreements for water quality improvement. The Department of
2191 Environmental Protection and the Department of Agriculture and
2192 Consumer Services may adopt rules governing the distribution of
2193 funds for implementation of capital projects, best management
2194 practices, and other measures. These funds shall not be used to
2195 abrogate the financial responsibility of those point and
2196 nonpoint sources that have contributed to the degradation of
2197 water or land areas. Increased priority shall be given by the
2198 department and the water management district governing boards to
2199 those projects that have secured a cost-sharing agreement
2200 allocating responsibility for the cleanup of point and nonpoint
2202 (c) Ten percent shall be disbursed for the purposes of
2203 funding projects pursuant to ss. 373.451 - 373.459 or surface
2204 water restoration activities in water-management-district
2205 designated priority water bodies. The Secretary of Environmental
2206 Protection shall ensure that each water management district
2207 receives the following percentage of funds annually:
2208 1. Thirty-five percent to the South Florida Water
2209 Management District;
2210 2. Twenty-five percent to the Southwest Florida Water
2211 Management District;
2212 3. Twenty-five percent to the St. Johns River Water
2213 Management District;
2214 4. Seven and one-half percent to the Suwannee River Water
2215 Management District; and
2216 5. Seven and one-half percent to the Northwest Florida
2217 Water Management District.
2218 (d) Ten percent to the Department of Environmental
2219 Protection for the Disadvantaged Small Community Wastewater
2220 Grant Program as provided in s. 403.1838 .
2221 (2) Applicable beginning in the 2007-2008 fiscal year,
2222 revenues transferred from the Department of Revenue pursuant to
2223 s. 201.15 (1)(c)2. shall be deposited into the Water Protection
2224 and Sustainability Program Trust Fund in the Department of
2225 Environmental Protection. These revenues and any other
2226 additional Revenues deposited into or appropriated to the Water
2227 Protection and Sustainability Program Trust Fund shall be
2228 distributed by the Department of Environmental Protection in the
2229 following manner:
2230 (1) (a) Sixty-five percent to the Department of
2231 Environmental Protection for the implementation of an
2232 alternative water supply program as provided in s. 373.707
2234 (2) (b) Twenty-two and five-tenths percent for the
2235 implementation of best management practices and capital project
2236 expenditures necessary for the implementation of the goals of
2237 the total maximum daily load program established in s. 403.067.
2238 Of these funds, 83.33 percent shall be transferred to the credit
2239 of the Department of Environmental Protection Water Quality
2240 Assurance Trust Fund to address water quality impacts associated
2241 with nonagricultural nonpoint sources. Sixteen and sixty-seven
2242 hundredths percent of these funds shall be transferred to the
2243 Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services General
2244 Inspection Trust Fund to address water quality impacts
2245 associated with agricultural nonpoint sources. These funds shall
2246 be used for research, development, demonstration, and
2247 implementation of the total maximum daily load program under s.
2248 403.067, suitable best management practices or other measures
2249 used to achieve water quality standards in surface waters and
2250 water segments identified pursuant to s. 303(d) of the Clean
2251 Water Act, Pub. L. No. 92-500, 33 U.S.C. ss. 1251 et seq.
2252 Implementation of best management practices and other measures
2253 may include cost-share grants, technical assistance,
2254 implementation tracking, and conservation leases or other
2255 agreements for water quality improvement. The Department of
2256 Environmental Protection and the Department of Agriculture and
2257 Consumer Services may adopt rules governing the distribution of
2258 funds for implementation of capital projects, best management
2259 practices, and other measures. These funds shall not be used to
2260 abrogate the financial responsibility of those point and
2261 nonpoint sources that have contributed to the degradation of
2262 water or land areas. Increased priority shall be given by the
2263 department and the water management district governing boards to
2264 those projects that have secured a cost-sharing agreement
2265 allocating responsibility for the cleanup of point and nonpoint
2267 (3) (c) Twelve and five-tenths percent to the Department of
2268 Environmental Protection for the Disadvantaged Small Community
2269 Wastewater Grant Program as provided in s. 403.1838.
2270 (4) (d) On June 30, 2009, and every 24 months thereafter,
2271 the Department of Environmental Protection shall request the
2272 return of all unencumbered funds distributed pursuant to this
2273 section. These funds shall be deposited into the Water
2274 Protection and Sustainability Program Trust Fund and
2275 redistributed pursuant to the provisions of this section.
2276 (3) For the 2008-2009 fiscal year only, moneys in the Water
2277 Protection and Sustainability Program Trust Fund shall be
2278 transferred to the Ecosystem Management and Restoration Trust
2279 Fund for grants and aids to local governments for water projects
2280 as provided in the General Appropriations Act. This subsection
2281 expires July 1, 2009.
2282 (4) For fiscal year 2005-2006, funds deposited or
2283 appropriated into the Water Protection and Sustainability
2284 Program Trust Fund shall be distributed as follows:
2285 (a) One hundred million dollars to the Department of
2286 Environmental Protection for the implementation of an
2287 alternative water supply program as provided in s. 373.1961 .
2288 (b) Funds remaining after the distribution provided for in
2289 subsection (1) shall be distributed as follows:
2290 1. Fifty percent for the implementation of best management
2291 practices and capital project expenditures necessary for the
2292 implementation of the goals of the total maximum daily load
2293 program established in s. 403.067 . Of these funds, 85 percent
2294 shall be transferred to the credit of the Department of
2295 Environmental Protection Water Quality Assurance Trust Fund to
2296 address water quality impacts associated with nonagricultural
2297 nonpoint sources. Fifteen percent of these funds shall be
2298 transferred to the Department of Agriculture and Consumer
2299 Services General Inspection Trust Fund to address water quality
2300 impacts associated with agricultural nonpoint sources. These
2301 funds shall be used for research, development, demonstration,
2302 and implementation of suitable best management practices or
2303 other measures used to achieve water quality standards in
2304 surface waters and water segments identified pursuant to s.
2305 303(d) of the Clean Water Act, Pub. L. No. 92-500, 33 U.S.C. ss.
2306 1251 et seq. Implementation of best management practices and
2307 other measures may include cost-share grants, technical
2308 assistance, implementation tracking, and conservation leases or
2309 other agreements for water quality improvement. The Department
2310 of Environmental Protection and the Department of Agriculture
2311 and Consumer Services may adopt rules governing the distribution
2312 of funds for implementation of best management practices. These
2313 funds shall not be used to abrogate the financial responsibility
2314 of those point and nonpoint sources that have contributed to the
2315 degradation of water or land areas. Increased priority shall be
2316 given by the department and the water management district
2317 governing boards to those projects that have secured a cost
2318 sharing agreement allocating responsibility for the cleanup of
2319 point and nonpoint sources.
2320 2. Twenty-five percent for the purposes of funding projects
2321 pursuant to ss. 373.451 - 373.459 or surface water restoration
2322 activities in water-management-district-designated priority
2323 water bodies. The Secretary of Environmental Protection shall
2324 ensure that each water management district receives the
2325 following percentage of funds annually:
2326 a. Thirty-five percent to the South Florida Water
2327 Management District;
2328 b. Twenty-five percent to the Southwest Florida Water
2329 Management District;
2330 c. Twenty-five percent to the St. Johns River Water
2331 Management District;
2332 d. Seven and one-half percent to the Suwannee River Water
2333 Management District; and
2334 e. Seven and one-half percent to the Northwest Florida
2335 Water Management District.
2336 3. Twenty-five percent to the Department of Environmental
2337 Protection for the Disadvantaged Small Community Wastewater
2338 Grant Program as provided in s. 403.1838 .
2340 Prior to the end of the 2008 Regular Session, the Legislature
2341 must review the distribution of funds under the Water Protection
2342 and Sustainability Program to determine if revisions to the
2343 funding formula are required. At the discretion of the President
2344 of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives,
2345 the appropriate substantive committees of the Legislature may
2346 conduct an interim project to review the Water Protection and
2347 Sustainability Program and the funding formula and make written
2348 recommendations to the Legislature proposing necessary changes,
2349 if any.
2350 (5) For the 2009-2010 fiscal year only, funds shall be
2351 distributed as follows:
2352 (a) Thirty-one and twenty-one hundredths percent to the
2353 Department of Environmental Protection for the implementation of
2354 an alternative water supply program as provided in s. 373.1961 .
2355 (b) Twenty-six and eighty-seven hundredths percent for the
2356 implementation of best management practices and capital project
2357 expenditures necessary for the implementation of the goals of
2358 the total maximum daily load program established in s. 403.067 .
2359 Of these funds, 86 percent shall be transferred to the credit of
2360 the Water Quality Assurance Trust Fund of the Department of
2361 Environmental Protection to address water quality impacts
2362 associated with nonagricultural nonpoint sources. Fourteen
2363 percent of these funds shall be transferred to the General
2364 Inspection Trust Fund of the Department of Agriculture and
2365 Consumer Services to address water quality impacts associated
2366 with agricultural nonpoint sources. These funds shall be used
2367 for research, development, demonstration, and implementation of
2368 the total maximum daily load program under s. 403.067 , suitable
2369 best management practices, or other measures used to achieve
2370 water quality standards in surface waters and water segments
2371 identified pursuant to s. 303(d) of the Clean Water Act, Pub. L.
2372 No. 92-500, 33 U.S.C. ss. 1251 et seq. Implementation of best
2373 management practices and other measures may include cost-share
2374 grants, technical assistance, implementation tracking, and
2375 conservation leases or other agreements for water quality
2376 improvement. The Department of Environmental Protection and the
2377 Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services may adopt rules
2378 governing the distribution of funds for implementation of
2379 capital projects, best management practices, and other measures.
2380 These funds may not be used to abrogate the financial
2381 responsibility of those point and nonpoint sources that have
2382 contributed to the degradation of water or land areas. Increased
2383 priority shall be given by the department and the water
2384 management district governing boards to those projects that have
2385 secured a cost-sharing agreement that allocates responsibility
2386 for the cleanup of point and nonpoint sources.
2387 (c) Forty-one and ninety-two hundredths percent to the
2388 Department of Environmental Protection for the Disadvantaged
2389 Small Community Wastewater Grant Program as provided in s.
2390 403.1838 .
2392 This subsection expires July 1, 2010.
2393 Section 25. Subsection (1) of section 403.891, Florida
2394 Statutes, is amended to read:
2395 403.891 Water Protection and Sustainability Program Trust
2396 Fund of the Department of Environmental Protection.—
2397 (1) The Water Protection and Sustainability Program Trust
2398 Fund is created within the Department of Environmental
2399 Protection. The purpose of the trust fund is to receive funds
2400 pursuant to s. 201.15 (1)(c)2., funds from other sources provided
2401 for in law and the General Appropriations Act, and funds
2402 received by the department in order to implement the provisions
2403 of the Water Sustainability and Protection Program created in s.
2405 Section 26. Section 682.02, Florida Statutes, is amended to
2407 682.02 Arbitration agreements made valid, irrevocable, and
2408 enforceable; scope.—Two or more parties may agree in writing to
2409 submit to arbitration any controversy existing between them at
2410 the time of the agreement, or they may include in a written
2411 contract a provision for the settlement by arbitration of any
2412 controversy thereafter arising between them relating to such
2413 contract or the failure or refusal to perform the whole or any
2414 part thereof. This section also applies to written interlocal
2415 agreements under ss. 163.01 and 373.713 373.1962 in which two or
2416 more parties agree to submit to arbitration any controversy
2417 between them concerning water use permit applications and other
2418 matters, regardless of whether or not the water management
2419 district with jurisdiction over the subject application is a
2420 party to the interlocal agreement or a participant in the
2421 arbitration. Such agreement or provision shall be valid,
2422 enforceable, and irrevocable without regard to the justiciable
2423 character of the controversy; provided that this act shall not
2424 apply to any such agreement or provision to arbitrate in which
2425 it is stipulated that this law shall not apply or to any
2426 arbitration or award thereunder.
2427 Section 27. Section 373.71, Florida Statutes, is renumbered
2428 as section 373.69, Florida Statutes.
2429 Section 28. Sections 373.0361, 373.0391, 373.0831, 373.196,
2430 373.1961, 373.1962, and 373.1963, Florida Statutes, are
2432 Section 29. Subsection (4) of section 373.079, Florida
2433 Statutes, is amended to read:
2434 373.079 Members of governing board; oath of office; staff.—
2435 (4) (a) The governing board of the district shall is
2436 authorized to employ:
2437 (a) An executive director, ombudsman, and such engineers,
2438 other professional persons, and other personnel and assistants
2439 as it deems necessary and under such terms and conditions as it
2440 may determine and to terminate such employment. The appointment
2441 of an executive director by the governing board is subject to
2442 approval by the Governor and must be initially confirmed by the
2443 Florida Senate. The governing board may delegate all or part of
2444 its authority under this paragraph to the executive director.
2445 However, the governing board shall delegate to the executive
2446 director all of its authority to take final action on permit
2447 applications under part II or part IV or petitions for variances
2448 or waivers of permitting requirements under part II or part IV,
2449 except for denials of such actions as provided in s. 373.083 (5).
2450 The executive director may execute such delegated authority
2451 through designated staff members. Such delegations shall not be
2452 subject to the rulemaking requirements of chapter 120. The
2453 executive director must be confirmed by the Senate upon
2454 employment and must be confirmed or reconfirmed by the Senate
2455 during the second regular session of the Legislature following a
2456 gubernatorial election.
2457 (b) 1. The governing board of each water management district
2458 shall employ An inspector general, who shall report directly to
2459 the board. However, the governing boards of the Suwannee River
2460 Water Management District and the Northwest Florida Water
2461 Management District may jointly employ an inspector general, or
2462 provide for inspector general services by interagency agreement
2463 with a state agency or water management district inspector
2465 2. An inspector general must have the same qualifications
2466 prescribed and perform the applicable duties of state agency
2467 inspectors general as provided in s. 20.055.
2468 Section 30. Subsection (5) of section 373.083, Florida
2469 Statutes, is amended to read:
2470 373.083 General powers and duties of the governing board.
2471 In addition to other powers and duties allowed it by law, the
2472 governing board is authorized to:
2473 (5) Execute any of the powers, duties, and functions vested
2474 in the governing board through a member or members thereof, the
2475 executive director, or other district staff as designated by the
2476 governing board. The governing board may establish the scope and
2477 terms of any delegation. However, if the governing board
2478 delegates shall delegate to the executive director all of its
2479 authority to take final action on permit applications under part
2480 II or part IV or petitions for variances or waivers of
2481 permitting requirements under part II or part IV, and the
2482 executive director may execute such delegated authority through
2483 designated staff. Such delegations shall not be subject to the
2484 rulemaking requirements of chapter 120. However, the governing
2485 board must shall provide a process for referring a any denial of
2486 such application or petition to the governing board for the
2487 purpose of taking to take final action. Such process shall
2488 expressly prohibit any member of a governing board from
2489 intervening in any manner during the review of an application
2490 prior to such application being referred to the governing board
2491 for final action. The authority to delegate under in this
2492 subsection is supplemental to any other provision of this
2493 chapter granting authority to the governing board to delegate
2494 specific powers, duties, or functions.
2495 Section 31. Subsection (5) is added to section 373.118,
2496 Florida Statutes, to read:
2497 373.118 General permits; delegation.—
2498 (5) To improve efficiency, the governing board may delegate
2499 by rule its powers and duties pertaining to general permits to
2500 the executive director. The executive director may execute such
2501 delegated authority through designated staff. However, when
2502 delegating the authority to take final action on permit
2503 applications under part II or part IV or petitions for variances
2504 or waivers of permitting requirements under part II or part IV,
2505 the governing board must provide a process for referring a
2506 denial of such application or petition to the governing board
2507 for the purpose of taking final action.
2508 Section 32. Section 373.4131, Florida Statutes, is created
2509 to read:
2510 373.4131 Stormwater quality treatment requirements.—
2511 (1) The Legislature finds and declares that nutrients in
2512 stormwater contribute to nutrient impairment of the state’s
2513 waters. The Legislature further finds and declares that a
2514 uniform statewide rule, which is consistent with the state’s
2515 strategy to reduce the adverse effects of nutrients on water
2516 quality as outlined in chapter 403, will provide a
2517 scientifically and technically sound method to assist permittees
2518 in their efforts to meet state water quality standards.
2519 (2) As used in this section, the term:
2520 (a) “Nutrient” means total nitrogen and total phosphorus.
2521 (b) “Redevelopment” means construction of a surface water
2522 management system on sites with existing commercial, industrial,
2523 or multifamily land uses where the existing impervious surface
2524 will be removed as part of the proposed activity.
2525 (c) “Stormwater quality treatment requirements” means the
2526 minimum level of stormwater treatment and design criteria for
2527 the construction, operation, and maintenance of stormwater
2528 management systems.
2529 (3) The department, in coordination with the water
2530 management districts, shall develop a uniform statewide
2531 stormwater quality treatment rule for stormwater management
2532 systems. The rule must provide for geographic differences in
2533 physical and natural characteristics, such as rainfall patterns,
2534 topography, soil type, and vegetation. The department shall
2535 adopt the rule no later than July 1, 2011. The water management
2536 districts and any delegated local program under this part shall
2537 implement the rule without having to adopt it pursuant to s.
2538 120.54. However, the department and water management districts
2539 may adopt, amend, or retain rules designed to implement a basin
2540 management action plan for a total maximum daily load, and rules
2541 established pursuant to s. 373.4592, s. 373.4595, s. 373.461, or
2542 s. 403.067.
2543 (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section,
2544 variations from the rule adopted under this section are
2546 (b) Existing stormwater quality treatment rules that are
2547 superseded by the rule adopted under this section may be
2548 repealed without further rulemaking pursuant to s. 120.54 by
2549 publication of a notice of repeal in the Florida Administrative
2550 Weekly and subsequent filing of a list of the rules repealed
2551 with the Department of State.
2552 (c) Until the rule adopted pursuant to this section becomes
2553 effective, existing stormwater quality treatment rules adopted
2554 under this part are deemed authorized under this part and remain
2555 in full force and effect.
2556 (4) The rule adopted pursuant to this section shall
2557 establish the stormwater quality treatment requirements
2558 necessary to meet the applicable state water quality standards,
2559 including nutrient standards. Compliance with the stormwater
2560 quality treatment requirements creates a presumption that
2561 stormwater discharged from the system will meet the applicable
2562 state water quality standards, whether expressed in narrative or
2563 numeric form, in the receiving waters.
2564 (5) Notwithstanding subsection (4), the rule shall
2565 establish alternative stormwater quality treatment requirements
2566 for the redevelopment of sites totaling 10 acres or less, and
2567 the retrofitting of existing stormwater management systems where
2568 such treatment results in a net reduction in the discharge of
2569 nutrients and other pollutants to the receiving waters. The
2570 alternative treatment requirements for redevelopment must be
2571 based upon a feasibility assessment of stormwater best
2572 management practices that considers factors such as site size,
2573 availability of regional stormwater treatment systems, and
2574 physical site characteristics. The rule may also establish
2575 alternative stormwater quality treatment requirements for the
2576 development of sites with legacy pollutants from past
2578 (6) Subsequent to the adoption of the rule under this
2579 section, the following shall continue to be governed by the
2580 stormwater quality treatment rules adopted by the department,
2581 water management districts, and any delegated local program
2582 under this part in effect before the effective date of the rule
2583 adopted pursuant to this section, unless the applicant elects to
2584 have an application reviewed under the rule adopted under this
2586 (a) The operation and maintenance of stormwater management
2587 systems legally in existence before the effective date of the
2588 rule adopted under this section if the terms and conditions of
2589 the permit, exemption, or other authorization for such systems
2590 continue to be met; or
2591 (b) The activities approved in a permit issued under this
2592 part and the review of activities proposed in applications
2593 received and completed before the effective date of the rule
2594 adopted under this section. This also applies to any
2595 modification of the plans, terms, and conditions of the permit,
2596 including new activities, within the geographical area to which
2597 the permit applies. However, this shall not apply to a
2598 modification that would extend the permitted time limit for
2599 construction beyond 4 additional years or to any modification
2600 reasonably expected to lead to additional or substantially
2601 different stormwater quality impacts. This shall also apply to
2602 any modification which lessens or does not increase stormwater
2603 quality impacts.
2604 (7) The provisions of this section do not apply to
2605 stormwater management systems serving agriculture.
2606 Section 33. Subsection (7) of section 403.031, Florida
2607 Statutes, is amended, and subsections (22) and (23) are added to
2608 that section, to read:
2609 403.031 Definitions.—In construing this chapter, or rules
2610 and regulations adopted pursuant hereto, the following words,
2611 phrases, or terms, unless the context otherwise indicates, have
2612 the following meanings:
2613 (7) “Pollution” is the presence in the outdoor atmosphere
2614 or waters of the state of any substances, contaminants, noise,
2615 or manmade or human-induced impairment of air or waters or
2616 alteration of the chemical, physical, biological, or
2617 radiological integrity of air or water in quantities or at
2618 levels which are or may be potentially harmful or injurious to
2619 human health or welfare, animal or plant life, or property or
2620 which unreasonably interfere with the enjoyment of life or
2621 property, including outdoor recreation unless authorized by
2622 applicable law. Nutrients become pollution in a water body at a
2623 level determined by the department to cause in an imbalance of
2624 naturally occurring aquatic flora or fauna in that water body.
2625 (22) “First magnitude spring” means a spring that has a
2626 median discharge of greater than or equal to 100 cubic feet per
2627 second for the period of record, as determined by the
2629 (23) “Second magnitude spring” means a spring that has a
2630 median discharge of 10 to 100 cubic feet per second for the
2631 period of record, as determined by the department.
2632 Section 34. Subsection (11) of section 403.061, Florida
2633 Statutes, is amended, and subsection (41) is added to that
2634 section, to read:
2635 403.061 Department; powers and duties.—The department shall
2636 have the power and the duty to control and prohibit pollution of
2637 air and water in accordance with the law and rules adopted and
2638 promulgated by it and, for this purpose, to:
2639 (11) Establish ambient air quality and water quality
2640 standards for the state as a whole or for any part thereof, and
2641 also standards for the abatement of excessive and unnecessary
2642 noise. The department is authorized to establish reasonable
2643 zones of mixing for discharges into waters. Water quality
2644 criteria for nutrients shall limit loadings or concentrations to
2645 those that will not cause an imbalance of naturally occurring
2646 populations of aquatic flora or fauna.
2647 (a) When a receiving body of water fails to meet a water
2648 quality standard for pollutants set forth in department rules, a
2649 steam electric generating plant discharge of pollutants that is
2650 existing or licensed under this chapter on July 1, 1984, may
2651 nevertheless be granted a mixing zone, provided that:
2652 1. The standard would not be met in the water body in the
2653 absence of the discharge;
2654 2. The discharge is in compliance with all applicable
2655 technology-based effluent limitations;
2656 3. The discharge does not cause a measurable increase in
2657 the degree of noncompliance with the standard at the boundary of
2658 the mixing zone; and
2659 4. The discharge otherwise complies with the mixing zone
2660 provisions specified in department rules.
2661 (b) No mixing zone for point source discharges shall be
2662 permitted in Outstanding Florida Waters except for:
2663 1. Sources that have received permits from the department
2664 prior to April 1, 1982, or the date of designation, whichever is
2666 2. Blowdown from new power plants certified pursuant to the
2667 Florida Electrical Power Plant Siting Act;
2668 3. Discharges of water necessary for water management
2669 purposes which have been approved by the governing board of a
2670 water management district and, if required by law, by the
2671 secretary; and
2672 4. The discharge of demineralization concentrate which has
2673 been determined permittable under s. 403.0882 and which meets
2674 the specific provisions of s. 403.0882(4)(a) and (b), if the
2675 proposed discharge is clearly in the public interest.
2676 (c) The department, by rule, shall establish water quality
2677 criteria for wetlands which criteria give appropriate
2678 recognition to the water quality of such wetlands in their
2679 natural state.
2681 Nothing in this act shall be construed to invalidate any
2682 existing department rule relating to mixing zones. The
2683 department shall cooperate with the Department of Highway Safety
2684 and Motor Vehicles in the development of regulations required by
2685 s. 316.272(1).
2686 (41) By December 31, 2011, the department, in coordination
2687 with the water management districts, shall create and maintain
2688 an online portal accessible by the public listing all existing
2689 consumptive use permits granted by the districts. The districts
2690 shall also report each new consumptive use permit or
2691 modification of an existing permit to the department within 30
2692 days after final approval for inclusion in the online portal.
2693 The department must identify, at a minimum, the applicant, the
2694 owner, the date issued, the source of the water, the total
2695 quantity of water granted, the use to be made of the water and
2696 any limitations, the place of use, the location of the well or
2697 point of diversion, the duration of the permit, modifications of
2698 the permit, if any, and the actual amount withdrawn under the
2699 permit, if known.
2701 The department shall implement such programs in conjunction with
2702 its other powers and duties and shall place special emphasis on
2703 reducing and eliminating contamination that presents a threat to
2704 humans, animals or plants, or to the environment.
2705 Section 35. Section 403.0675, Florida Statutes, is created
2706 to read:
2707 403.0675 Establishment and implementation of numeric
2708 nutrient standards.—
2709 (1) The Legislature finds the following: nutrients are
2710 essential for the biological health and productivity of Florida
2711 waters; a delicate relationship exists between the concentration
2712 and loading of nutrients in a water body which reflects its
2713 health and productivity; the improper combination of nutrients
2714 with site-specific factors may cause adverse effects on water
2715 quality; when establishing numeric nutrient standards, the
2716 failure to take into account site-specific factors and ensure
2717 scientific validity may result in standards that lack adequate
2718 scientific support and cause unintended environmental and
2719 economic consequences; the total maximum daily load program is
2720 the best mechanism for establishing numeric nutrient standards
2721 for nutrient impaired water bodies and restoring nutrient
2722 impaired water bodies; and consistent with the Congressional
2723 intent expressed in the Clean Water Act, any numeric nutrient
2724 standards established pursuant to s. 303(c) of the Clean Water
2725 Act should work in concert with the total maximum daily load
2726 program and other water quality programs.
2727 (2) As provided in this section, by August 16, 2010, the
2728 Department of Environmental Protection shall submit to the
2729 United States Environmental Protection Agency the following
2730 numeric nutrient standards in fulfillment of the Environmental
2731 Protection Agency’s mandate to adopt numeric nutrient criteria
2732 under s. 303(c)(4)(B) of the Clean Water Act:
2733 (a) All site-specific numeric nutrient criteria established
2734 pursuant to subsection (5).
2735 (b) The site-specific numeric nutrient criteria
2736 methodology, planning list, and schedule developed in accordance
2737 with subsection (3).
2738 (c) The schedule for developing site-specific numeric
2739 nutrient criteria in accordance with paragraph (4) of this
2742 The submission of these standards to the Environmental
2743 Protection Agency shall be a ministerial act that is not subject
2744 to challenge under section 120.
2745 (3) The department shall use the following methodology for
2746 developing site-specific numeric nutrient criteria for Florida
2748 (a) Categorize all streams into the basins established
2749 pursuant to s. 403.067.
2750 (b) Prioritize all streams for establishing numeric
2751 nutrient criteria with highest priority given to nutrient
2752 impaired waters, followed by unimpaired nutrient-sensitive
2753 waters, and waters that flow into nutrient-sensitive waters. The
2754 department may also consider the nutrient concentrations of the
2755 waters and level of potential anthropogenic influence on the
2757 (c) Develop a planning list and schedule for adopting site
2758 specific numeric nutrient criteria in accordance with paragraphs
2759 (3)(a) and (b).
2760 (d) Adopt by rule site-specific numeric nutrient criteria
2761 for identified water bodies at the nutrient levels at which the
2762 water bodies will exhibit imbalances of naturally occurring
2763 populations of flora and fauna.
2764 (e) Nutrient criteria may be expressed in terms of
2765 concentration, mass loading, load allocation, or surrogate
2766 standards, such as chlorophyll-a, and may be supplemented by
2767 narrative statements.
2768 (f) For any waters identified as impaired pursuant to the
2769 department’s impaired waters rule, any nutrient total maximum
2770 daily loads established in accordance with s. 403.067 shall be
2771 submitted to the Environmental Protection Agency in accordance
2772 with ss. 303(c) and 303(d) of the Clean Water Act, subject to
2773 the conditions of s. 403.067 and paragraph (d).
2774 (4) The department shall use the following methodology for
2775 developing site-specific numeric nutrient criteria for Florida
2776 lakes and springs:
2777 (a) The department shall propose for adoption by rule site
2778 specific numeric nutrient criteria for all first and second
2779 magnitude Florida springs by January 31, 2011.
2780 (b) The department shall propose for adoption by rule site
2781 specific numeric nutrient criteria for Florida lakes by July 31,
2783 (c) Criteria developed in accordance with this paragraph
2784 shall be subject to paragraphs (3)(d)-(f) and paragraph (5)(a).
2785 (5) The following nutrient standards shall constitute site
2786 specific numeric nutrient water quality criteria:
2787 (a) All nutrient total maximum daily loads and associated
2788 numeric interpretations of the narrative nutrient criterion,
2789 whether total nitrogen, total phosphorus, or a surrogate
2790 nutrient standard, such as chlorophyll-a, biological demand, or
2791 specific biological metric, developed by the department and
2792 approved by the Environmental Protection Agency as of March 1,
2793 2010, subject to the requirements of s. 403.067.
2794 (b) The total nitrogen load allocations for Tampa Bay and
2795 its bay segments, as defined in the Reasonable Assurance
2796 demonstration submitted by the Nitrogen Management Consortium of
2797 Tampa Bay, as approved by the department.
2798 (c) The establishment of these standards shall not affect a
2799 person’s right to challenge the standards as an existing rule
2800 pursuant to s. 120.56.
2801 (6) The site-specific numeric nutrient criteria established
2802 in subsection (5), the methodology for developing site-specific
2803 numeric nutrient criteria for Florida streams as delineated in
2804 subsection (3), the planning list and schedule developed in
2805 accordance with paragraph (3)(c), and the schedule for
2806 developing site-specific numeric nutrient criteria for Florida
2807 springs and lakes in subsection (4) prepared by the department
2808 under this subsection shall be made available for public comment
2809 prior to the department’s submission of these standards to the
2810 Environmental Protection Agency, but shall not be subject to
2811 challenge under chapter 120.
2812 (7) If the Environmental Protection Agency disapproves,
2813 approves in part, or conditions its approval of the site
2814 specific numeric nutrient criteria established in subsection
2815 (5), the methodology for developing site-specific numeric
2816 nutrient criteria for Florida streams as delineated in paragraph
2817 (3), the planning list developed in accordance with paragraph
2818 (3)(c), or the schedule for developing site-specific numeric
2819 nutrient criteria for Florida springs and lakes in subsection
2820 (4) as satisfying s. 303(c)(4)(B) of the Clean Water Act, those
2821 numeric nutrient standards shall not be effective until ratified
2822 by the Legislature.
2823 (8) Prior to adopting additional or more stringent water
2824 quality standards or criteria applicable to manmade lakes,
2825 canals or ditches, or streams converted to canals before 1975,
2826 the Environmental Regulation Commission shall determine the
2827 aquatic life support and habitat limitations of these waters and
2828 adopt appropriate classifications or sub-classifications for
2829 them, together with appropriate designated uses based upon their
2830 physical and hydrologic characteristics. Any new standards or
2831 criteria for these waters so classified shall be based upon a
2832 determination that the standards or criteria are necessary for
2833 the control of pollution and needed to protect against adverse
2834 effects of pollution on aquatic life reasonably anticipated in
2835 these manmade or modified waters. In order to facilitate the
2836 adoption of site-specific numeric nutrient criteria for these
2837 waters, the department shall propose for adoption by rule a new
2838 designated use classification or classifications for these
2839 waters by October 31, 2010.
2840 (9) The department shall, when conducting its next
2841 triennial review of water quality criteria after the effective
2842 date of this Act, review the numeric nutrient criteria
2843 established pursuant to paragraph (5)(a) to verify compliance
2844 with paragraph (3)(d).
2845 Section 36. Subsection (1) of section 215.619, Florida
2846 Statutes, is amended to read:
2847 215.619 Bonds for Everglades restoration.—
2848 (1) The issuance of Everglades restoration bonds to finance
2849 or refinance the cost of the acquisition and improvement of
2850 land, water areas, and related property interests and resources
2851 for the purpose of implementing the Comprehensive Everglades
2852 Restoration Plan under s. 373.470, the Lake Okeechobee Watershed
2853 Protection Plan under s. 373.4595, the Caloosahatchee River
2854 Watershed Protection Plan under s. 373.4595, the St. Lucie River
2855 Watershed Protection Plan under s. 373.4595, and the Florida
2856 Keys Area of Critical State Concern protection program under ss.
2857 380.05 and 380.0552 in order to restore and conserve natural
2858 systems through the implementation of water management projects,
2859 including wastewater management projects identified in the “Keys
2860 Wastewater Plan, ” dated November 2007, and submitted to the
2861 Florida House of Representatives on December 4, 2007, is
2862 authorized in accordance with s. 11(e), Art. VII of the State
2864 (a) Everglades restoration bonds, except refunding bonds,
2865 may be issued only in fiscal years 2002-2003 through 2019-2020
2866 and may not be issued in an amount exceeding $100 million per
2867 fiscal year unless:
2868 1. (a) The Department of Environmental Protection has
2869 requested additional amounts in order to achieve cost savings or
2870 accelerate the purchase of land; or
2871 2. (b) The Legislature authorizes an additional amount of
2872 bonds not to exceed $200 and limited to $50 million per fiscal
2873 year, for no more than 4 fiscal years, specifically for the
2874 purpose of funding the Florida Keys Area of Critical State
2875 Concern protection program. Proceeds from the bonds shall be
2876 managed by the Department of Environmental Protection for the
2877 purpose of entering into financial assistance agreements with
2878 local governments located in the Florida Keys Area of Critical
2879 State Concern to finance or refinance the cost of constructing
2880 sewage collection, treatment, and disposal facilities.
2881 (b) The duration of Everglades restoration bonds may not
2882 exceed 20 annual maturities , and those bonds must mature by
2883 December 31, 2040. Except for refunding bonds, a series of bonds
2884 may not be issued unless an amount equal to the debt service
2885 coming due in the year of issuance has been appropriated by the
2886 Legislature. Beginning July 1, 2010, the Legislature shall
2887 analyze the ratio of the state’s debt to projected revenues
2888 before authorizing the issuance of prior to the authorization to
2889 issue any bonds under this section.
2890 Section 37. Subsections (2), (4), (7), and (9) of section
2891 380.0552, Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
2892 380.0552 Florida Keys Area; protection and designation as
2893 area of critical state concern.—
2894 (2) LEGISLATIVE INTENT.—It is hereby declared that the
2895 intent of the Legislature to is:
2896 (a) To Establish a land use management system that protects
2897 the natural environment of the Florida Keys.
2898 (b) To Establish a land use management system that
2899 conserves and promotes the community character of the Florida
2901 (c) To Establish a land use management system that promotes
2902 orderly and balanced growth in accordance with the capacity of
2903 available and planned public facilities and services.
2904 (d) To Provide for affordable housing in close proximity to
2905 places of employment in the Florida Keys.
2906 (e) To Establish a land use management system that promotes
2907 and supports a diverse and sound economic base.
2908 (f) To Protect the constitutional rights of property owners
2909 to own, use, and dispose of their real property.
2910 (g) To Promote coordination and efficiency among
2911 governmental agencies that have with permitting jurisdiction
2912 over land use activities in the Florida Keys.
2913 (h) Promote an appropriate land acquisition and protection
2914 strategy for environmentally sensitive lands within the Florida
2916 (i) Protect and improve the nearshore water quality of the
2917 Florida Keys through the construction and operation of
2918 wastewater management facilities that meet the requirements of
2919 ss. 381.0065(4)(l) and 403.086(10), as applicable.
2920 (j) Ensure that the population of the Florida Keys can be
2921 safely evacuated.
2922 (4) REMOVAL OF DESIGNATION.—
2923 (a) Between July 12, 2008, and August 30, 2008, the state
2924 land planning agency shall submit a written report to the
2925 Administration Commission describing in detail the progress of
2926 the Florida Keys Area toward accomplishing the tasks of the work
2927 program as defined in paragraph (c) and providing a
2928 recommendation as to whether substantial progress toward
2929 accomplishing the tasks of the work program has been achieved.
2930 Subsequent to receipt of the report, the Administration
2931 Commission shall determine, prior to October 1, 2008, whether
2932 substantial progress has been achieved toward accomplishing the
2933 tasks of the work program. The designation of the Florida Keys
2934 Area as an area of critical state concern under this section may
2935 be recommended for removal upon fulfilling the legislative
2936 intent under subsection (2) and completion of all the work
2937 program tasks specified in rules of the Administration
2938 Commission shall be removed October 1, 2009, unless the
2939 Administration Commission finds, after receipt of the state land
2940 planning agency report, that substantial progress has not been
2941 achieved toward accomplishing the tasks of the work program. If
2942 the designation of the Florida Keys Area as an area of critical
2943 state concern is removed, the Administration Commission, within
2944 60 days after removal of the designation, shall initiate
2945 rulemaking pursuant to chapter 120 to repeal any rules relating
2946 to the designation of the Florida Keys Area as an area of
2947 critical state concern. If, after receipt of the state land
2948 planning agency’s report, the Administration Commission finds
2949 that substantial progress toward accomplishing the tasks of the
2950 work program has not been achieved, the Administration
2951 Commission shall provide a written report to the Monroe County
2952 Commission within 30 days after making such finding detailing
2953 the tasks under the work program that must be accomplished in
2954 order for substantial progress to be achieved within the next 12
2956 (b) Beginning November 30, 2010, the state land planning
2957 agency shall annually submit a written report to the
2958 Administration Commission describing the progress of the Florida
2959 Keys Area toward completing the work program tasks specified in
2960 commission rules. The land planning agency shall recommend
2961 removing the Florida Keys Area from being designated as an area
2962 of critical state concern to the commission if it determines
2964 1. All of the work program tasks have been completed,
2965 including construction of, operation of, and connection to
2966 central wastewater management facilities pursuant to s.
2967 403.086(10) and upgrade of onsite sewage treatment and disposal
2968 systems pursuant to s. 381.0065(4)(l);
2969 2. All local comprehensive plans and land development
2970 regulations and the administration of such plans and regulations
2971 are adequate to protect the Florida Keys Area, fulfill the
2972 legislative intent specified in subsection (2), and are
2973 consistent with and further the principles guiding development;
2975 3. A local government has adopted a resolution at a public
2976 hearing recommending the removal of the designation.
2977 (b) If the designation of the Florida Keys Area as an area
2978 of critical state concern is not removed in accordance with
2979 paragraph (a), the state land planning agency shall submit a
2980 written annual report to the Administration Commission on
2981 November 1 of each year, until such time as the designation is
2982 removed, describing the progress of the Florida Keys Area toward
2983 accomplishing remaining tasks under the work program and
2984 providing a recommendation as to whether substantial progress
2985 toward accomplishing the tasks of the work program has been
2986 achieved. The Administration Commission shall determine, within
2987 45 days after receipt of the annual report, whether substantial
2988 progress has been achieved toward accomplishing the remaining
2989 tasks of the work program. The designation of the Florida Keys
2990 Area as an area of critical state concern under this section
2991 shall be removed unless the Administration Commission finds that
2992 substantial progress has not been achieved toward accomplishing
2993 the tasks of the work program. If the designation of the Florida
2994 Keys Area as an area of critical state concern is removed, the
2995 Administration Commission, within 60 days after removal of the
2996 designation, shall initiate rulemaking pursuant to chapter 120
2997 to repeal any rules relating to the designation of the Florida
2998 Keys Area as an area of critical state concern. If the
2999 Administration Commission finds that substantial progress has
3000 not been achieved, the Administration Commission shall provide
3001 to the Monroe County Commission, within 30 days after making its
3002 finding, a report detailing the tasks under the work program
3003 that must be accomplished in order for substantial progress to
3004 be achieved within the next 12 months.
3005 (c) After receipt of the state land planning agency report
3006 and recommendation, the Administration Commission shall
3007 determine whether the requirements have been fulfilled and may
3008 remove the designation of the Florida Keys as an area of
3009 critical state concern. If the commission removes the
3010 designation, it shall initiate rulemaking to repeal any rules
3011 relating such designation within 60 days. If, after receipt of
3012 the state land planning agency’s report and recommendation, the
3013 commission finds that the requirements for recommending removal
3014 of designation have not been met, the commission shall provide a
3015 written report to the local governments within 30 days after
3016 making such a finding detailing the tasks that must be completed
3017 by the local government.
3018 (c) For purposes of this subsection, the term “work
3019 program” means the 10-year work program as set forth in rule 28
3020 20.110 , Florida Administrative Code, on January 1, 2006,
3021 excluding amendments to the work program that take effect after
3022 January 1, 2006.
3023 (d) The determination of the Administration Commission’s
3024 determination concerning the removal of the designation of the
3025 Florida Keys as an area of critical state concern Commission as
3026 to whether substantial progress has been made toward
3027 accomplishing the tasks of the work program may be judicially
3028 reviewed pursuant to chapter 120 86. All proceedings shall be
3029 conducted by the Division of Administrative Hearings and must be
3030 initiated within 30 days after the commission issues its
3031 determination in the circuit court of the judicial circuit where
3032 the Administration Commission maintains its headquarters and
3033 shall be initiated within 30 days after rendition of the
3034 Administration Commission’s determination. The Administration
3035 Commission’s determination as to whether substantial progress
3036 has been made toward accomplishing the tasks of the work program
3037 shall be upheld if it is supported by competent and substantial
3038 evidence and shall not be subject to administrative review under
3039 chapter 120.
3040 (e) After removal of the designation of the Florida Keys as
3041 an area of critical state concern, the state land planning
3042 agency shall review proposed local comprehensive plans, and any
3043 amendments to existing comprehensive plans, which are applicable
3044 to the Florida Keys Area, the boundaries of which were described
3045 in chapter 28-29, Florida Administrative Code, as of January 1,
3046 2006, for compliance with subparagraphs 1. and 2., in addition
3047 to reviewing proposed local comprehensive plans and amendments
3048 for compliance as defined in s. 163.3184. All procedures and
3049 penalties described in s. 163.3184 apply to the review conducted
3050 pursuant to this paragraph.
3051 1. Adoption of construction schedules for wastewater
3052 facilities improvements in the annually adopted capital
3053 improvements element and adoption of standards for the
3054 construction of wastewater treatment facilities which meet or
3055 exceed the criteria of chapter 99-395, Laws of Florida.
3056 2. Adoption of goals, objectives, and policies to protect
3057 public safety and welfare in the event of a natural disaster by
3058 maintaining a hurricane evacuation clearance time for permanent
3059 residents of no more than 24 hours. The hurricane evacuation
3060 clearance time shall be determined by a hurricane evacuation
3061 study conducted in accordance with a professionally accepted
3062 methodology and approved by the state land planning agency.
3063 (f) The Administration Commission may adopt rules or revise
3064 existing rules as necessary to administer this subsection.
3065 (7) PRINCIPLES FOR GUIDING DEVELOPMENT.—State, regional,
3066 and local agencies and units of government in the Florida Keys
3067 Area shall coordinate their plans and conduct their programs and
3068 regulatory activities consistent with the principles for guiding
3069 development as specified set forth in chapter 27F-8, Florida
3070 Administrative Code, as amended effective August 23, 1984, which
3071 chapter is hereby adopted and incorporated herein by reference.
3072 For the purposes of reviewing the consistency of the adopted
3073 plan, or any amendments to that plan, with the principles for
3074 guiding development, and any amendments to the principles, the
3075 principles shall be construed as a whole and no specific
3076 provisions may not provision shall be construed or applied in
3077 isolation from the other provisions. However, the principles for
3078 guiding development as set forth in chapter 27F-8, Florida
3079 Administrative Code, as amended effective August 23, 1984, are
3080 repealed 18 months from July 1, 1986. After repeal, the
3081 following shall be the principles with which any plan amendments
3082 must be consistent with the following principles:
3083 (a) Strengthening To strengthen local government
3084 capabilities for managing land use and development so that local
3085 government is able to achieve these objectives without
3086 continuing the continuation of the area of critical state
3087 concern designation.
3088 (b) Protecting To protect shoreline and marine resources,
3089 including mangroves, coral reef formations, seagrass beds,
3090 wetlands, fish and wildlife, and their habitat.
3091 (c) Protecting To protect upland resources, tropical
3092 biological communities, freshwater wetlands, native tropical
3093 vegetation (for example, hardwood hammocks and pinelands), dune
3094 ridges and beaches, wildlife, and their habitat.
3095 (d) Ensuring To ensure the maximum well-being of the
3096 Florida Keys and its citizens through sound economic
3098 (e) Limiting To limit the adverse impacts of development on
3099 the quality of water throughout the Florida Keys.
3100 (f) Enhancing To enhance natural scenic resources,
3101 promoting promote the aesthetic benefits of the natural
3102 environment, and ensuring ensure that development is compatible
3103 with the unique historic character of the Florida Keys.
3104 (g) Protecting To protect the historical heritage of the
3105 Florida Keys.
3106 (h) Protecting To protect the value, efficiency, cost
3107 effectiveness, and amortized life of existing and proposed major
3108 public investments, including:
3109 1. The Florida Keys Aqueduct and water supply facilities;
3110 2. Sewage collection, treatment, and disposal facilities;
3111 3. Solid waste treatment, collection, and disposal
3113 4. Key West Naval Air Station and other military
3115 5. Transportation facilities;
3116 6. Federal parks, wildlife refuges, and marine sanctuaries;
3117 7. State parks, recreation facilities, aquatic preserves,
3118 and other publicly owned properties;
3119 8. City electric service and the Florida Keys Electric Co
3120 op; and
3121 9. Other utilities, as appropriate.
3122 (i) Protecting and improving water quality by providing for
3123 the construction, operation, maintenance, and replacement of
3124 stormwater management facilities; central sewage collection;
3125 treatment and disposal facilities; and the installation and
3126 proper operation and maintenance of onsite sewage treatment and
3127 disposal systems.
3128 (j) Ensuring the improvement of nearshore water quality by
3129 requiring the construction and operation of wastewater
3130 management facilities that meet the requirements of s.
3131 381.0065(4)(l) and s. 403.086(10), as applicable, and by
3132 directing growth to areas served by central wastewater treatment
3133 facilities through permit allocation systems.
3134 (k) (i) Limiting To limit the adverse impacts of public
3135 investments on the environmental resources of the Florida Keys.
3136 (l) (j) Making To make available adequate affordable housing
3137 for all sectors of the population of the Florida Keys.
3138 (m) (k) Providing To provide adequate alternatives for the
3139 protection of public safety and welfare in the event of a
3140 natural or manmade disaster and for a postdisaster
3141 reconstruction plan.
3142 (n) (l) Protecting To protect the public health, safety, and
3143 welfare of the citizens of the Florida Keys and maintain the
3144 Florida Keys as a unique Florida resource.
3145 (9) MODIFICATION TO PLANS AND REGULATIONS.—
3146 (a) Any land development regulation or element of a local
3147 comprehensive plan in the Florida Keys Area may be enacted,
3148 amended, or rescinded by a local government, but the enactment,
3149 amendment, or rescission becomes shall become effective only
3150 upon the approval thereof by the state land planning agency. The
3151 state land planning agency shall review the proposed change to
3152 determine if it is in compliance with the principles for guiding
3153 development specified set forth in chapter 27F-8, Florida
3154 Administrative Code, as amended effective August 23, 1984, and
3155 must shall either approve or reject the requested changes within
3156 60 days after of receipt thereof. Amendments to local
3157 comprehensive plans in the Florida Keys Area must also be
3158 reviewed for compliance with the following:
3159 1. Construction schedules and detailed capital financing
3160 plans for wastewater management improvements in the annually
3161 adopted capital improvements element, and standards for the
3162 construction of wastewater treatment and disposal facilities or
3163 collection systems that meet or exceed the criteria in s.
3164 403.086(10) for wastewater treatment and disposal facilities or
3165 s. 381.0065(4)(l) for onsite sewage treatment and disposal
3167 2. Goals, objectives, and policies to protect public safety
3168 and welfare in the event of a natural disaster by maintaining a
3169 hurricane evacuation clearance time for permanent residents of
3170 no more than 24 hours. The hurricane evacuation clearance time
3171 shall be determined by a hurricane evacuation study conducted in
3172 accordance with a professionally accepted methodology and
3173 approved by the state land planning agency.
3174 (b) Further, The state land planning agency, after
3175 consulting with the appropriate local government, may, no more
3176 often than once per a year, recommend to the Administration
3177 Commission the enactment, amendment, or rescission of a land
3178 development regulation or element of a local comprehensive plan.
3179 Within 45 days following the receipt of such recommendation by
3180 the state land planning agency, the commission shall reject the
3181 recommendation, or accept it with or without modification and
3182 adopt it , by rule, including any changes. Any Such local
3183 development regulation or plan must shall be in compliance with
3184 the principles for guiding development.
3185 Section 38. Section 381.0065, Florida Statutes, is amended
3186 to read:
3187 381.0065 Onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems;
3189 (1) LEGISLATIVE INTENT.—
3190 (a) It is the intent of the Legislature that proper
3191 management of onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems in
3192 paramount to the health, safety and welfare of the public. It is
3193 further the intent of the Legislature that local governments
3194 shall create a legal authority, either entirely within their
3195 jurisdiction, by interlocal agreement pursuant to s. 163.01, or
3196 by a public-private partnership for the purpose of providing
3197 management services to ensure the management and operation of
3198 onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems in their
3200 (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that where a
3201 publicly owned or investor-owned sewerage system is not
3202 available, the department shall issue permits for the
3203 construction, installation, modification, abandonment, or repair
3204 of onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems under conditions
3205 as described in this section and rules adopted under this
3206 section. It is further the intent of the Legislature that the
3207 installation and use of onsite sewage treatment and disposal
3208 systems not adversely affect the public health or significantly
3209 degrade the groundwater or surface water.
3210 (2) DEFINITIONS.—As used in ss. 381.0065-381.0067, the
3212 (a) “Available,” as applied to a publicly owned or
3213 investor-owned sewerage system, means that the publicly owned or
3214 investor-owned sewerage system is capable of being connected to
3215 the plumbing of an establishment or residence, is not under a
3216 Department of Environmental Protection moratorium, and has
3217 adequate permitted capacity to accept the sewage to be generated
3218 by the establishment or residence; and:
3219 1. For a residential subdivision lot, a single-family
3220 residence, or an establishment, any of which has an estimated
3221 sewage flow of 1,000 gallons per day or less, a gravity sewer
3222 line to maintain gravity flow from the property’s drain to the
3223 sewer line, or a low pressure or vacuum sewage collection line
3224 in those areas approved for low pressure or vacuum sewage
3225 collection, exists in a public easement or right-of-way that
3226 abuts the property line of the lot, residence, or establishment.
3227 2. For an establishment with an estimated sewage flow
3228 exceeding 1,000 gallons per day, a sewer line, force main, or
3229 lift station exists in a public easement or right-of-way that
3230 abuts the property of the establishment or is within 50 feet of
3231 the property line of the establishment as accessed via existing
3232 rights-of-way or easements.
3233 3. For proposed residential subdivisions with more than 50
3234 lots, for proposed commercial subdivisions with more than 5
3235 lots, and for areas zoned or used for an industrial or
3236 manufacturing purpose or its equivalent, a sewerage system
3237 exists within one-fourth mile of the development as measured and
3238 accessed via existing easements or rights-of-way.
3239 4. For repairs or modifications within areas zoned or used
3240 for an industrial or manufacturing purpose or its equivalent, a
3241 sewerage system exists within 500 feet of an establishment’s or
3242 residence’s sewer stub-out as measured and accessed via existing
3243 rights-of-way or easements.
3244 (b) “Blackwater” means that part of domestic sewage carried
3245 off by toilets, urinals, and kitchen drains.
3246 (c) “Domestic sewage” means human body waste and
3247 wastewater, including bath and toilet waste, residential laundry
3248 waste, residential kitchen waste, and other similar waste from
3249 appurtenances at a residence or establishment.
3250 (d) “Evaluation” means the determination of compliance with
3251 all existing construction, design, installation, and operational
3252 standards of onsite sewage treatment and disposal system
3253 pursuant to this section.
3254 (e) (d) “Graywater” means that part of domestic sewage that
3255 is not blackwater, including waste from the bath, lavatory,
3256 laundry, and sink, except kitchen sink waste.
3257 (f) (e) “Florida Keys” means those islands of the state
3258 located within the boundaries of Monroe County.
3259 (g) (f) “Injection well” means an open vertical hole at
3260 least 90 feet in depth, cased and grouted to at least 60 feet in
3261 depth which is used to dispose of effluent from an onsite sewage
3262 treatment and disposal system.
3263 (h) (g) “Innovative system” means an onsite sewage treatment
3264 and disposal system that, in whole or in part, employs
3265 materials, devices, or techniques that are novel or unique and
3266 that have not been successfully field-tested under sound
3267 scientific and engineering principles under climatic and soil
3268 conditions found in this state.
3269 (i) (h) “Lot” means a parcel or tract of land described by
3270 reference to recorded plats or by metes and bounds, or the least
3271 fractional part of subdivided lands having limited fixed
3272 boundaries or an assigned number, letter, or any other legal
3273 description by which it can be identified.
3274 (j) (i) “Mean annual flood line” means the elevation
3275 determined by calculating the arithmetic mean of the elevations
3276 of the highest yearly flood stage or discharge for the period of
3277 record, to include at least the most recent 10-year period. If
3278 at least 10 years of data is not available, the mean annual
3279 flood line shall be as determined based upon the data available
3280 and field verification conducted by a certified professional
3281 surveyor and mapper with experience in the determination of
3282 flood water elevation lines or, at the option of the applicant,
3283 by department personnel. Field verification of the mean annual
3284 flood line shall be performed using a combination of those
3285 indicators listed in subparagraphs 1.-7. that are present on the
3286 site, and that reflect flooding that recurs on an annual basis.
3287 In those situations where any one or more of these indicators
3288 reflect a rare or aberrant event, such indicator or indicators
3289 shall not be utilized in determining the mean annual flood line.
3290 The indicators that may be considered are:
3291 1. Water stains on the ground surface, trees, and other
3292 fixed objects;
3293 2. Hydric adventitious roots;
3294 3. Drift lines;
3295 4. Rafted debris;
3296 5. Aquatic mosses and liverworts;
3297 6. Moss collars; and
3298 7. Lichen lines.
3299 (k) (j) “Onsite sewage treatment and disposal system” means
3300 a system that contains a standard subsurface, filled, or mound
3301 drainfield system; an aerobic treatment unit; a graywater system
3302 tank; a laundry wastewater system tank; a septic tank; a grease
3303 interceptor; a pump tank; a solids or effluent pump; a
3304 waterless, incinerating, or organic waste-composting toilet; or
3305 a sanitary pit privy that is installed or proposed to be
3306 installed beyond the building sewer on land of the owner or on
3307 other land to which the owner has the legal right to install a
3308 system. The term includes any item placed within, or intended to
3309 be used as a part of or in conjunction with, the system. This
3310 term does not include package sewage treatment facilities and
3311 other treatment works regulated under chapter 403.
3312 (l) (k) “Permanent nontidal surface water body” means a
3313 perennial stream, a perennial river, an intermittent stream, a
3314 perennial lake, a submerged marsh or swamp, a submerged wooded
3315 marsh or swamp, a spring, or a seep, as identified on the most
3316 recent quadrangle map, 7.5 minute series (topographic), produced
3317 by the United States Geological Survey, or products derived from
3318 that series. “Permanent nontidal surface water body” shall also
3319 mean an artificial surface water body that does not have an
3320 impermeable bottom and side and that is designed to hold, or
3321 does hold, visible standing water for at least 180 days of the
3322 year. However, a nontidal surface water body that is drained,
3323 either naturally or artificially, where the intent or the result
3324 is that such drainage be temporary, shall be considered a
3325 permanent nontidal surface water body. A nontidal surface water
3326 body that is drained of all visible surface water, where the
3327 lawful intent or the result of such drainage is that such
3328 drainage will be permanent, shall not be considered a permanent
3329 nontidal surface water body. The boundary of a permanent
3330 nontidal surface water body shall be the mean annual flood line.
3331 (m) (l) “Potable water line” means any water line that is
3332 connected to a potable water supply source, but the term does
3333 not include an irrigation line with any of the following types
3334 of backflow devices:
3335 1. For irrigation systems into which chemicals are not
3336 injected, any atmospheric or pressure vacuum breaker or double
3337 check valve or any detector check assembly.
3338 2. For irrigation systems into which chemicals such as
3339 fertilizers, pesticides, or herbicides are injected, any reduced
3340 pressure backflow preventer.
3341 (n) “Responsible management entity” means a legal authority
3342 created by local governments, either entirely within their
3343 jurisdiction, by interlocal agreement pursuant to s. 163.01, or
3344 by a public-private partnership responsible for providing
3345 management services to ensure the management and operation of
3346 onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems in their
3348 (o) (m) “Septage” means a mixture of sludge, fatty
3349 materials, human feces, and wastewater removed during the
3350 pumping of an onsite sewage treatment and disposal system.
3351 (p) (n) “Subdivision” means, for residential use, any tract
3352 or plot of land divided into two or more lots or parcels of
3353 which at least one is 1 acre or less in size for sale, lease, or
3354 rent. A subdivision for commercial or industrial use is any
3355 tract or plot of land divided into two or more lots or parcels
3356 of which at least one is 5 acres or less in size and which is
3357 for sale, lease, or rent. A subdivision shall be deemed to be
3358 proposed until such time as an application is submitted to the
3359 local government for subdivision approval or, in those areas
3360 where no local government subdivision approval is required,
3361 until such time as a plat of the subdivision is recorded.
3362 (q) (o) “Tidally influenced surface water body” means a body
3363 of water that is subject to the ebb and flow of the tides and
3364 has as its boundary a mean high-water line as defined by s.
3366 (r) (p) “Toxic or hazardous chemical” means a substance that
3367 poses a serious danger to human health or the environment.
3368 (3) DUTIES AND POWERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH.—The
3369 department shall:
3370 (a) Adopt rules to administer ss. 381.0065-381.0067,
3371 including definitions that are consistent with the definitions
3372 in this section, decreases to setback requirements where no
3373 health hazard exists, increases for the lot-flow allowance for
3374 performance-based systems, requirements for separation from
3375 water table elevation during the wettest season, requirements
3376 for the design and construction of any component part of an
3377 onsite sewage treatment and disposal system, application and
3378 permit requirements for persons who maintain an onsite sewage
3379 treatment and disposal system, requirements for maintenance and
3380 service agreements for aerobic treatment units and performance
3381 based treatment systems, and recommended standards, including
3382 disclosure requirements, for voluntary system inspections to be
3383 performed by individuals who are authorized by law to perform
3384 such inspections and who shall inform a person having ownership,
3385 control, or use of an onsite sewage treatment and disposal
3386 system of the inspection standards and of that person’s
3387 authority to request an inspection based on all or part of the
3389 (b) Perform application reviews and site evaluations, issue
3390 permits, and conduct inspections and complaint investigations
3391 associated with the construction, installation, maintenance,
3392 modification, abandonment, operation, use, or repair of an
3393 onsite sewage treatment and disposal system for a residence or
3394 establishment with an estimated domestic sewage flow of 10,000
3395 gallons or less per day, or an estimated commercial sewage flow
3396 of 5,000 gallons or less per day, which is not currently
3397 regulated under chapter 403.
3398 (c) Develop a comprehensive program to ensure that onsite
3399 sewage treatment and disposal systems regulated by the
3400 department are sized, designed, constructed, installed,
3401 repaired, modified, abandoned, used, operated, and maintained in
3402 compliance with this section and rules adopted under this
3403 section to prevent groundwater contamination and surface water
3404 contamination and to preserve the public health. The department
3405 is the final administrative interpretive authority regarding
3406 rule interpretation. In the event of a conflict regarding rule
3407 interpretation, the Division Director for Environmental Health
3408 of the department, or his or her designee, shall timely assign a
3409 staff person to resolve the dispute.
3410 (d) Grant variances in hardship cases under the conditions
3411 prescribed in this section and rules adopted under this section.
3412 (e) Permit the use of a limited number of innovative
3413 systems for a specific period of time, when there is compelling
3414 evidence that the system will function properly and reliably to
3415 meet the requirements of this section and rules adopted under
3416 this section.
3417 (f) Issue annual operating permits under this section.
3418 (g) Establish and collect fees as established under s.
3419 381.0066 for services provided with respect to onsite sewage
3420 treatment and disposal systems.
3421 (h) Conduct enforcement activities, including imposing
3422 fines, issuing citations, suspensions, revocations, injunctions,
3423 and emergency orders for violations of this section, part I of
3424 chapter 386, or part III of chapter 489 or for a violation of
3425 any rule adopted under this section, part I of chapter 386, or
3426 part III of chapter 489.
3427 (i) Provide or conduct education and training of department
3428 personnel, service providers, and the public regarding onsite
3429 sewage treatment and disposal systems.
3430 (j) Supervise research on, demonstration of, and training
3431 on the performance, environmental impact, and public health
3432 impact of onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems within
3433 this state. Research fees collected under s. 381.0066(2)(k) must
3434 be used to develop and fund hands-on training centers designed
3435 to provide practical information about onsite sewage treatment
3436 and disposal systems to septic tank contractors, master septic
3437 tank contractors, contractors, inspectors, engineers, and the
3438 public and must also be used to fund research projects which
3439 focus on improvements of onsite sewage treatment and disposal
3440 systems, including use of performance-based standards and
3441 reduction of environmental impact. Research projects shall be
3442 initially approved by the technical review and advisory panel
3443 and shall be applicable to and reflect the soil conditions
3444 specific to Florida. Such projects shall be awarded through
3445 competitive negotiation, using the procedures provided in s.
3446 287.055, to public or private entities that have experience in
3447 onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems in Florida and that
3448 are principally located in Florida. Research projects shall not
3449 be awarded to firms or entities that employ or are associated
3450 with persons who serve on either the technical review and
3451 advisory panel or the research review and advisory committee.
3452 (k) Approve the installation of individual graywater
3453 disposal systems in which blackwater is treated by a central
3454 sewerage system.
3455 (l) Regulate and permit the sanitation, handling,
3456 treatment, storage, reuse, and disposal of byproducts from any
3457 system regulated under this chapter and not regulated by the
3458 Department of Environmental Protection.
3459 (m) Permit and inspect portable or temporary toilet
3460 services and holding tanks. The department shall review
3461 applications, perform site evaluations, and issue permits for
3462 the temporary use of holding tanks, privies, portable toilet
3463 services, or any other toilet facility that is intended for use
3464 on a permanent or nonpermanent basis, including facilities
3465 placed on construction sites when workers are present. The
3466 department may specify standards for the construction,
3467 maintenance, use, and operation of any such facility for
3468 temporary use.
3469 (n) Regulate and permit maintenance entities for
3470 performance-based treatment systems and aerobic treatment unit
3471 systems. To ensure systems are maintained and operated according
3472 to manufacturer’s specifications and designs, the department
3473 shall establish by rule minimum qualifying criteria for
3474 maintenance entities. The criteria shall include: training,
3475 access to approved spare parts and components, access to
3476 manufacturer’s maintenance and operation manuals, and service
3477 response time. The maintenance entity shall employ a contractor
3478 licensed under s. 489.105(3)(m), or part III of chapter 489, or
3479 a state-licensed wastewater plant operator, who is responsible
3480 for maintenance and repair of all systems under contract.
3481 (o) By January 1, 2011, the department, in cooperation with
3482 the Department of Community Affairs and the Department of
3483 Environmental Protection, shall develop guidelines that assist
3484 local governments with the creation of responsible management
3485 entities. The development of these guidelines are not subject to
3486 review under s. 381.0068. The guidelines shall include a method
3487 or formula for equitably providing for and allocating fees for
3488 administrative and management costs of responsible management
3490 (4) PERMITS; INSTALLATION; AND CONDITIONS.—A person may not
3491 construct, repair, modify, abandon, or operate an onsite sewage
3492 treatment and disposal system without first obtaining a permit
3493 approved by the department. The department may issue permits to
3494 carry out this section, but shall not make the issuance of such
3495 permits contingent upon prior approval by the Department of
3496 Environmental Protection, except that the issuance of a permit
3497 for work seaward of the coastal construction control line
3498 established under s. 161.053 shall be contingent upon receipt of
3499 any required coastal construction control line permit from the
3500 Department of Environmental Protection. A construction permit is
3501 valid for 18 months from the issuance date and may be extended
3502 by the department for one 90-day period under rules adopted by
3503 the department. A repair permit is valid for 90 days from the
3504 date of issuance. An operating permit must be obtained prior to
3505 the use of any aerobic treatment unit or if the establishment
3506 generates commercial waste. Buildings or establishments that use
3507 an aerobic treatment unit or generate commercial waste shall be
3508 inspected by the department at least annually to assure
3509 compliance with the terms of the operating permit. The operating
3510 permit for a commercial wastewater system is valid for 1 year
3511 from the date of issuance and must be renewed annually. The
3512 operating permit for an aerobic treatment unit is valid for 2
3513 years from the date of issuance and must be renewed every 2
3514 years. If all information pertaining to the siting, location,
3515 and installation conditions or repair of an onsite sewage
3516 treatment and disposal system remains the same, a construction
3517 or repair permit for the onsite sewage treatment and disposal
3518 system may be transferred to another person, if the transferee
3519 files, within 60 days after the transfer of ownership, an
3520 amended application providing all corrected information and
3521 proof of ownership of the property. There is no fee associated
3522 with the processing of this supplemental information. A person
3523 may not contract to construct, modify, alter, repair, service,
3524 abandon, or maintain any portion of an onsite sewage treatment
3525 and disposal system without being registered under part III of
3526 chapter 489. A property owner who personally performs
3527 construction, maintenance, or repairs to a system serving his or
3528 her own owner-occupied single-family residence is exempt from
3529 registration requirements for performing such construction,
3530 maintenance, or repairs on that residence, but is subject to all
3531 permitting requirements. A municipality or political subdivision
3532 of the state may not issue a building or plumbing permit for any
3533 building that requires the use of an onsite sewage treatment and
3534 disposal system unless the owner or builder has received a
3535 construction permit for such system from the department. A
3536 building or structure may not be occupied and a municipality,
3537 political subdivision, or any state or federal agency may not
3538 authorize occupancy until the department approves the final
3539 installation of the onsite sewage treatment and disposal system.
3540 A municipality or political subdivision of the state may not
3541 approve any change in occupancy or tenancy of a building that
3542 uses an onsite sewage treatment and disposal system until the
3543 department has reviewed the use of the system with the proposed
3544 change, approved the change, and amended the operating permit.
3545 (a) Subdivisions and lots in which each lot has a minimum
3546 area of at least one-half acre and either a minimum dimension of
3547 100 feet or a mean of at least 100 feet of the side bordering
3548 the street and the distance formed by a line parallel to the
3549 side bordering the street drawn between the two most distant
3550 points of the remainder of the lot may be developed with a water
3551 system regulated under s. 381.0062 and onsite sewage treatment
3552 and disposal systems, provided the projected daily sewage flow
3553 does not exceed an average of 1,500 gallons per acre per day,
3554 and provided satisfactory drinking water can be obtained and all
3555 distance and setback, soil condition, water table elevation, and
3556 other related requirements of this section and rules adopted
3557 under this section can be met.
3558 (b) Subdivisions and lots using a public water system as
3559 defined in s. 403.852 may use onsite sewage treatment and
3560 disposal systems, provided there are no more than four lots per
3561 acre, provided the projected daily sewage flow does not exceed
3562 an average of 2,500 gallons per acre per day, and provided that
3563 all distance and setback, soil condition, water table elevation,
3564 and other related requirements that are generally applicable to
3565 the use of onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems are met.
3566 (c) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) and (b), for
3567 subdivisions platted of record on or before October 1, 1991,
3568 when a developer or other appropriate entity has previously made
3569 or makes provisions, including financial assurances or other
3570 commitments, acceptable to the Department of Health, that a
3571 central water system will be installed by a regulated public
3572 utility based on a density formula, private potable wells may be
3573 used with onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems until the
3574 agreed-upon densities are reached. In a subdivision regulated by
3575 this paragraph, the average daily sewage flow may not exceed
3576 2,500 gallons per acre per day. This section does not affect the
3577 validity of existing prior agreements. After October 1, 1991,
3578 the exception provided under this paragraph is not available to
3579 a developer or other appropriate entity.
3580 (d) Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to any proposed
3581 residential subdivision with more than 50 lots or to any
3582 proposed commercial subdivision with more than 5 lots where a
3583 publicly owned or investor-owned sewerage system is available.
3584 It is the intent of this paragraph not to allow development of
3585 additional proposed subdivisions in order to evade the
3586 requirements of this paragraph.
3587 (e) Onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems must not
3588 be placed closer than:
3589 1. Seventy-five feet from a private potable well.
3590 2. Two hundred feet from a public potable well serving a
3591 residential or nonresidential establishment having a total
3592 sewage flow of greater than 2,000 gallons per day.
3593 3. One hundred feet from a public potable well serving a
3594 residential or nonresidential establishment having a total
3595 sewage flow of less than or equal to 2,000 gallons per day.
3596 4. Fifty feet from any nonpotable well.
3597 5. Ten feet from any storm sewer pipe, to the maximum
3598 extent possible, but in no instance shall the setback be less
3599 than 5 feet.
3600 6. Seventy-five feet from the mean high-water line of a
3601 tidally influenced surface water body.
3602 7. Seventy-five feet from the mean annual flood line of a
3603 permanent nontidal surface water body.
3604 8. Fifteen feet from the design high-water line of
3605 retention areas, detention areas, or swales designed to contain
3606 standing or flowing water for less than 72 hours after a
3607 rainfall or the design high-water level of normally dry drainage
3608 ditches or normally dry individual lot stormwater retention
3610 (f) Except as provided under paragraphs (e) and (t), no
3611 limitations shall be imposed by rule, relating to the distance
3612 between an onsite disposal system and any area that either
3613 permanently or temporarily has visible surface water.
3614 (g) All provisions of this section and rules adopted under
3615 this section relating to soil condition, water table elevation,
3616 distance, and other setback requirements must be equally applied
3617 to all lots, with the following exceptions:
3618 1. Any residential lot that was platted and recorded on or
3619 after January 1, 1972, or that is part of a residential
3620 subdivision that was approved by the appropriate permitting
3621 agency on or after January 1, 1972, and that was eligible for an
3622 onsite sewage treatment and disposal system construction permit
3623 on the date of such platting and recording or approval shall be
3624 eligible for an onsite sewage treatment and disposal system
3625 construction permit, regardless of when the application for a
3626 permit is made. If rules in effect at the time the permit
3627 application is filed cannot be met, residential lots platted and
3628 recorded or approved on or after January 1, 1972, shall, to the
3629 maximum extent possible, comply with the rules in effect at the
3630 time the permit application is filed. At a minimum, however,
3631 those residential lots platted and recorded or approved on or
3632 after January 1, 1972, but before January 1, 1983, shall comply
3633 with those rules in effect on January 1, 1983, and those
3634 residential lots platted and recorded or approved on or after
3635 January 1, 1983, shall comply with those rules in effect at the
3636 time of such platting and recording or approval. In determining
3637 the maximum extent of compliance with current rules that is
3638 possible, the department shall allow structures and
3639 appurtenances thereto which were authorized at the time such
3640 lots were platted and recorded or approved.
3641 2. Lots platted before 1972 are subject to a 50-foot
3642 minimum surface water setback and are not subject to lot size
3643 requirements. The projected daily flow for onsite sewage
3644 treatment and disposal systems for lots platted before 1972 may
3645 not exceed:
3646 a. Two thousand five hundred gallons per acre per day for
3647 lots served by public water systems as defined in s. 403.852.
3648 b. One thousand five hundred gallons per acre per day for
3649 lots served by water systems regulated under s. 381.0062.
3650 (h)1. The department may grant variances in hardship cases
3651 which may be less restrictive than the provisions specified in
3652 this section. If a variance is granted and the onsite sewage
3653 treatment and disposal system construction permit has been
3654 issued, the variance may be transferred with the system
3655 construction permit, if the transferee files, within 60 days
3656 after the transfer of ownership, an amended construction permit
3657 application providing all corrected information and proof of
3658 ownership of the property and if the same variance would have
3659 been required for the new owner of the property as was
3660 originally granted to the original applicant for the variance.
3661 There is no fee associated with the processing of this
3662 supplemental information. A variance may not be granted under
3663 this section until the department is satisfied that:
3664 a. The hardship was not caused intentionally by the action
3665 of the applicant;
3666 b. No reasonable alternative, taking into consideration
3667 factors such as cost, exists for the treatment of the sewage;
3669 c. The discharge from the onsite sewage treatment and
3670 disposal system will not adversely affect the health of the
3671 applicant or the public or significantly degrade the groundwater
3672 or surface waters.
3674 Where soil conditions, water table elevation, and setback
3675 provisions are determined by the department to be satisfactory,
3676 special consideration must be given to those lots platted before
3678 2. The department shall appoint and staff a variance review
3679 and advisory committee, which shall meet monthly to recommend
3680 agency action on variance requests. The committee shall make its
3681 recommendations on variance requests at the meeting in which the
3682 application is scheduled for consideration, except for an
3683 extraordinary change in circumstances, the receipt of new
3684 information that raises new issues, or when the applicant
3685 requests an extension. The committee shall consider the criteria
3686 in subparagraph 1. in its recommended agency action on variance
3687 requests and shall also strive to allow property owners the full
3688 use of their land where possible. The committee consists of the
3690 a. The Division Director for Environmental Health of the
3691 department or his or her designee.
3692 b. A representative from the county health departments.
3693 c. A representative from the home building industry
3694 recommended by the Florida Home Builders Association.
3695 d. A representative from the septic tank industry
3696 recommended by the Florida Onsite Wastewater Association.
3697 e. A representative from the Department of Environmental
3699 f. A representative from the real estate industry who is
3700 also a developer in this state who develops lots using onsite
3701 sewage treatment and disposal systems, recommended by the
3702 Florida Association of Realtors.
3703 g. A representative from the engineering profession
3704 recommended by the Florida Engineering Society.
3706 Members shall be appointed for a term of 3 years, with such
3707 appointments being staggered so that the terms of no more than
3708 two members expire in any one year. Members shall serve without
3709 remuneration, but if requested, shall be reimbursed for per diem
3710 and travel expenses as provided in s. 112.061.
3711 (i) A construction permit may not be issued for an onsite
3712 sewage treatment and disposal system in any area zoned or used
3713 for industrial or manufacturing purposes, or its equivalent,
3714 where a publicly owned or investor-owned sewage treatment system
3715 is available, or where a likelihood exists that the system will
3716 receive toxic, hazardous, or industrial waste. An existing
3717 onsite sewage treatment and disposal system may be repaired if a
3718 publicly owned or investor-owned sewerage system is not
3719 available within 500 feet of the building sewer stub-out and if
3720 system construction and operation standards can be met. This
3721 paragraph does not require publicly owned or investor-owned
3722 sewerage treatment systems to accept anything other than
3723 domestic wastewater.
3724 1. A building located in an area zoned or used for
3725 industrial or manufacturing purposes, or its equivalent, when
3726 such building is served by an onsite sewage treatment and
3727 disposal system, must not be occupied until the owner or tenant
3728 has obtained written approval from the department. The
3729 department shall not grant approval when the proposed use of the
3730 system is to dispose of toxic, hazardous, or industrial
3731 wastewater or toxic or hazardous chemicals.
3732 2. Each person who owns or operates a business or facility
3733 in an area zoned or used for industrial or manufacturing
3734 purposes, or its equivalent, or who owns or operates a business
3735 that has the potential to generate toxic, hazardous, or
3736 industrial wastewater or toxic or hazardous chemicals, and uses
3737 an onsite sewage treatment and disposal system that is installed
3738 on or after July 5, 1989, must obtain an annual system operating
3739 permit from the department. A person who owns or operates a
3740 business that uses an onsite sewage treatment and disposal
3741 system that was installed and approved before July 5, 1989, need
3742 not obtain a system operating permit. However, upon change of
3743 ownership or tenancy, the new owner or operator must notify the
3744 department of the change, and the new owner or operator must
3745 obtain an annual system operating permit, regardless of the date
3746 that the system was installed or approved.
3747 3. The department shall periodically review and evaluate
3748 the continued use of onsite sewage treatment and disposal
3749 systems in areas zoned or used for industrial or manufacturing
3750 purposes, or its equivalent, and may require the collection and
3751 analyses of samples from within and around such systems. If the
3752 department finds that toxic or hazardous chemicals or toxic,
3753 hazardous, or industrial wastewater have been or are being
3754 disposed of through an onsite sewage treatment and disposal
3755 system, the department shall initiate enforcement actions
3756 against the owner or tenant to ensure adequate cleanup,
3757 treatment, and disposal.
3758 (j) An onsite sewage treatment and disposal system for a
3759 single-family residence that is designed by a professional
3760 engineer registered in the state and certified by such engineer
3761 as complying with performance criteria adopted by the department
3762 must be approved by the department subject to the following:
3763 1. The performance criteria applicable to engineer-designed
3764 systems must be limited to those necessary to ensure that such
3765 systems do not adversely affect the public health or
3766 significantly degrade the groundwater or surface water. Such
3767 performance criteria shall include consideration of the quality
3768 of system effluent, the proposed total sewage flow per acre,
3769 wastewater treatment capabilities of the natural or replaced
3770 soil, water quality classification of the potential surface
3771 water-receiving body, and the structural and maintenance
3772 viability of the system for the treatment of domestic
3773 wastewater. However, performance criteria shall address only the
3774 performance of a system and not a system’s design.
3775 2. The technical review and advisory panel shall assist the
3776 department in the development of performance criteria applicable
3777 to engineer-designed systems.
3778 3. A person electing to utilize an engineer-designed system
3779 shall, upon completion of the system design, submit such design,
3780 certified by a registered professional engineer, to the county
3781 health department. The county health department may utilize an
3782 outside consultant to review the engineer-designed system, with
3783 the actual cost of such review to be borne by the applicant.
3784 Within 5 working days after receiving an engineer-designed
3785 system permit application, the county health department shall
3786 request additional information if the application is not
3787 complete. Within 15 working days after receiving a complete
3788 application for an engineer-designed system, the county health
3789 department either shall issue the permit or, if it determines
3790 that the system does not comply with the performance criteria,
3791 shall notify the applicant of that determination and refer the
3792 application to the department for a determination as to whether
3793 the system should be approved, disapproved, or approved with
3794 modification. The department engineer’s determination shall
3795 prevail over the action of the county health department. The
3796 applicant shall be notified in writing of the department’s
3797 determination and of the applicant’s rights to pursue a variance
3798 or seek review under the provisions of chapter 120.
3799 4. The owner of an engineer-designed performance-based
3800 system must maintain a current maintenance service agreement
3801 with a maintenance entity permitted by the department. The
3802 maintenance entity shall obtain a biennial system operating
3803 permit from the department for each system under service
3804 contract. The department shall inspect the system at least
3805 annually, or on such periodic basis as the fee collected
3806 permits, and may collect system-effluent samples if appropriate
3807 to determine compliance with the performance criteria. The fee
3808 for the biennial operating permit shall be collected beginning
3809 with the second year of system operation. The maintenance entity
3810 shall inspect each system at least twice each year and shall
3811 report quarterly to the department on the number of systems
3812 inspected and serviced.
3813 5. If an engineer-designed system fails to properly
3814 function or fails to meet performance standards, the system
3815 shall be re-engineered, if necessary, to bring the system into
3816 compliance with the provisions of this section.
3817 (k) An innovative system may be approved in conjunction
3818 with an engineer-designed site-specific system which is
3819 certified by the engineer to meet the performance-based criteria
3820 adopted by the department.
3821 (l) For the Florida Keys, the department shall adopt a
3822 special rule for the construction, installation, modification,
3823 operation, repair, maintenance, and performance of onsite sewage
3824 treatment and disposal systems which considers the unique soil
3825 conditions and which considers water table elevations,
3826 densities, and setback requirements. On lots where a setback
3827 distance of 75 feet from surface waters, saltmarsh, and
3828 buttonwood association habitat areas cannot be met, an injection
3829 well, approved and permitted by the department, may be used for
3830 disposal of effluent from onsite sewage treatment and disposal
3831 systems. The following additional requirements apply to onsite
3832 sewage treatment and disposal systems in Monroe County:
3833 1. The county, each municipality, and those special
3834 districts established for the purpose of the collection,
3835 transmission, treatment, or disposal of sewage shall ensure, in
3836 accordance with the specific schedules adopted by the
3837 Administration Commission under s. 380.0552, the completion of
3838 onsite sewage treatment and disposal system upgrades to meet the
3839 requirements of this paragraph.
3840 2. Onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems must cease
3841 discharge by December 31, 2015, or must comply with department
3842 rules and provide the level of treatment which, on a permitted
3843 annual average basis, produces an effluent that contains no more
3844 than the following concentrations:
3845 a. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (CBOD5) of 10 mg/l.
3846 b. Suspended Solids of 10 mg/l.
3847 c. Total Nitrogen, expressed as N, of 10 mg/l.
3848 d. Total Phosphorus, expressed as P, of 1 mg/l.
3850 In addition, onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems
3851 discharging to an injection well must provide basic disinfection
3852 as defined by department rule.
3853 3. On or after July 1, 2010, all new, modified, and
3854 repaired onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems must
3855 provide the level of treatment described in subparagraph 2.
3856 However, in areas scheduled to be served by central sewer by
3857 December 31, 2015, if the property owner has paid a connection
3858 fee or assessment for connection to the central sewer system, an
3859 onsite sewage treatment and disposal system may be repaired to
3860 the following minimum standards:
3861 a. The existing tanks must be pumped and inspected and
3862 certified as being watertight and free of defects in accordance
3863 with department rule; and
3864 b. A sand-lined drainfield or injection well in accordance
3865 with department rule must be installed.
3866 4. Onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems must be
3867 monitored for total nitrogen and total phosphorus concentrations
3868 as required by department rule.
3869 5. The department shall enforce proper installation,
3870 operation, and maintenance of onsite sewage treatment and
3871 disposal systems pursuant to this chapter, including ensuring
3872 that the appropriate level of treatment described in
3873 subparagraph 2. is met.
3874 6. The county, each municipality, and those special
3875 districts established for the purpose of collection,
3876 transmission, treatment, or disposal of sewage may require
3877 connecting onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems to a
3878 central sewer system within 30 days after notice of availability
3879 of service.
3880 (m) No product sold in the state for use in onsite sewage
3881 treatment and disposal systems may contain any substance in
3882 concentrations or amounts that would interfere with or prevent
3883 the successful operation of such system, or that would cause
3884 discharges from such systems to violate applicable water quality
3885 standards. The department shall publish criteria for products
3886 known or expected to meet the conditions of this paragraph. In
3887 the event a product does not meet such criteria, such product
3888 may be sold if the manufacturer satisfactorily demonstrates to
3889 the department that the conditions of this paragraph are met.
3890 (n) Evaluations for determining the seasonal high-water
3891 table elevations or the suitability of soils for the use of a
3892 new onsite sewage treatment and disposal system shall be
3893 performed by department personnel, professional engineers
3894 registered in the state, or such other persons with expertise,
3895 as defined by rule, in making such evaluations. Evaluations for
3896 determining mean annual flood lines shall be performed by those
3897 persons identified in paragraph (2)(i). The department shall
3898 accept evaluations submitted by professional engineers and such
3899 other persons as meet the expertise established by this section
3900 or by rule unless the department has a reasonable scientific
3901 basis for questioning the accuracy or completeness of the
3903 (o) The department shall appoint a research review and
3904 advisory committee, which shall meet at least semiannually. The
3905 committee shall advise the department on directions for new
3906 research, review and rank proposals for research contracts, and
3907 review draft research reports and make comments. The committee
3908 is comprised of:
3909 1. A representative of the Division of Environmental Health
3910 of the Department of Health.
3911 2. A representative from the septic tank industry.
3912 3. A representative from the home building industry.
3913 4. A representative from an environmental interest group.
3914 5. A representative from the State University System, from
3915 a department knowledgeable about onsite sewage treatment and
3916 disposal systems.
3917 6. A professional engineer registered in this state who has
3918 work experience in onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems.
3919 7. A representative from local government who is
3920 knowledgeable about domestic wastewater treatment.
3921 8. A representative from the real estate profession.
3922 9. A representative from the restaurant industry.
3923 10. A consumer.
3925 Members shall be appointed for a term of 3 years, with the
3926 appointments being staggered so that the terms of no more than
3927 four members expire in any one year. Members shall serve without
3928 remuneration, but are entitled to reimbursement for per diem and
3929 travel expenses as provided in s. 112.061.
3930 (p) An application for an onsite sewage treatment and
3931 disposal system permit shall be completed in full, signed by the
3932 owner or the owner’s authorized representative, or by a
3933 contractor licensed under chapter 489, and shall be accompanied
3934 by all required exhibits and fees. No specific documentation of
3935 property ownership shall be required as a prerequisite to the
3936 review of an application or the issuance of a permit. The
3937 issuance of a permit does not constitute determination by the
3938 department of property ownership.
3939 (q) The department may not require any form of subdivision
3940 analysis of property by an owner, developer, or subdivider prior
3941 to submission of an application for an onsite sewage treatment
3942 and disposal system.
3943 (r) Nothing in this section limits the power of a
3944 municipality or county to enforce other laws for the protection
3945 of the public health and safety.
3946 (s) In the siting of onsite sewage treatment and disposal
3947 systems, including drainfields, shoulders, and slopes, guttering
3948 shall not be required on single-family residential dwelling
3949 units for systems located greater than 5 feet from the roof drip
3950 line of the house. If guttering is used on residential dwelling
3951 units, the downspouts shall be directed away from the
3953 (t) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (g)1.,
3954 onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems located in
3955 floodways of the Suwannee and Aucilla Rivers must adhere to the
3956 following requirements:
3957 1. The absorption surface of the drainfield shall not be
3958 subject to flooding based on 10-year flood elevations. Provided,
3959 however, for lots or parcels created by the subdivision of land
3960 in accordance with applicable local government regulations prior
3961 to January 17, 1990, if an applicant cannot construct a
3962 drainfield system with the absorption surface of the drainfield
3963 at an elevation equal to or above 10-year flood elevation, the
3964 department shall issue a permit for an onsite sewage treatment
3965 and disposal system within the 10-year floodplain of rivers,
3966 streams, and other bodies of flowing water if all of the
3967 following criteria are met:
3968 a. The lot is at least one-half acre in size;
3969 b. The bottom of the drainfield is at least 36 inches above
3970 the 2-year flood elevation; and
3971 c. The applicant installs either: a waterless,
3972 incinerating, or organic waste composting toilet and a graywater
3973 system and drainfield in accordance with department rules; an
3974 aerobic treatment unit and drainfield in accordance with
3975 department rules; a system approved by the State Health Office
3976 that is capable of reducing effluent nitrate by at least 50
3977 percent; or a system approved by the county health department
3978 pursuant to department rule other than a system using
3979 alternative drainfield materials. The United States Department
3980 of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service soil maps, State of
3981 Florida Water Management District data, and Federal Emergency
3982 Management Agency Flood Insurance maps are resources that shall
3983 be used to identify flood-prone areas.
3984 2. The use of fill or mounding to elevate a drainfield
3985 system out of the 10-year floodplain of rivers, streams, or
3986 other bodies of flowing water shall not be permitted if such a
3987 system lies within a regulatory floodway of the Suwannee and
3988 Aucilla Rivers. In cases where the 10-year flood elevation does
3989 not coincide with the boundaries of the regulatory floodway, the
3990 regulatory floodway will be considered for the purposes of this
3991 subsection to extend at a minimum to the 10-year flood
3993 (u) The owner of an aerobic treatment unit system shall
3994 maintain a current maintenance service agreement with an aerobic
3995 treatment unit maintenance entity permitted by the department.
3996 The maintenance entity shall obtain a system operating permit
3997 from the department for each aerobic treatment unit under
3998 service contract. The maintenance entity shall inspect each
3999 aerobic treatment unit system at least twice each year and shall
4000 report quarterly to the department on the number of aerobic
4001 treatment unit systems inspected and serviced. The owner shall
4002 allow the department to inspect during reasonable hours each
4003 aerobic treatment unit system at least annually, and such
4004 inspection may include collection and analysis of system
4005 effluent samples for performance criteria established by rule of
4006 the department.
4007 (v) The department may require the submission of detailed
4008 system construction plans that are prepared by a professional
4009 engineer registered in this state. The department shall
4010 establish by rule criteria for determining when such a
4011 submission is required.
4012 (5) ENFORCEMENT; RIGHT OF ENTRY; CITATIONS.—
4013 (a) Department personnel who have reason to believe
4014 noncompliance exists, may at any reasonable time, enter the
4015 premises permitted under ss. 381.0065-381.0066, or the business
4016 premises of any septic tank contractor or master septic tank
4017 contractor registered under part III of chapter 489, or any
4018 premises that the department has reason to believe is being
4019 operated or maintained not in compliance, to determine
4020 compliance with the provisions of this section, part I of
4021 chapter 386, or part III of chapter 489 or rules or standards
4022 adopted under ss. 381.0065-381.0067, part I of chapter 386, or
4023 part III of chapter 489. As used in this paragraph, the term
4024 “premises” does not include a residence or private building. To
4025 gain entry to a residence or private building, the department
4026 must obtain permission from the owner or occupant or secure an
4027 inspection warrant from a court of competent jurisdiction.
4028 (b)1. The department may issue citations that may contain
4029 an order of correction or an order to pay a fine, or both, for
4030 violations of ss. 381.0065-381.0067, part I of chapter 386, or
4031 part III of chapter 489 or the rules adopted by the department,
4032 when a violation of these sections or rules is enforceable by an
4033 administrative or civil remedy, or when a violation of these
4034 sections or rules is a misdemeanor of the second degree. A
4035 citation issued under ss. 381.0065-381.0067, part I of chapter
4036 386, or part III of chapter 489 constitutes a notice of proposed
4037 agency action.
4038 2. A citation must be in writing and must describe the
4039 particular nature of the violation, including specific reference
4040 to the provisions of law or rule allegedly violated.
4041 3. The fines imposed by a citation issued by the department
4042 may not exceed $500 for each violation. Each day the violation
4043 exists constitutes a separate violation for which a citation may
4044 be issued.
4045 4. The department shall inform the recipient, by written
4046 notice pursuant to ss. 120.569 and 120.57, of the right to an
4047 administrative hearing to contest the citation within 21 days
4048 after the date the citation is received. The citation must
4049 contain a conspicuous statement that if the recipient fails to
4050 pay the fine within the time allowed, or fails to appear to
4051 contest the citation after having requested a hearing, the
4052 recipient has waived the recipient’s right to contest the
4053 citation and must pay an amount up to the maximum fine.
4054 5. The department may reduce or waive the fine imposed by
4055 the citation. In determining whether to reduce or waive the
4056 fine, the department must consider the gravity of the violation,
4057 the person’s attempts at correcting the violation, and the
4058 person’s history of previous violations including violations for
4059 which enforcement actions were taken under ss. 381.0065
4060 381.0067, part I of chapter 386, part III of chapter 489, or
4061 other provisions of law or rule.
4062 6. Any person who willfully refuses to sign and accept a
4063 citation issued by the department commits a misdemeanor of the
4064 second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s.
4066 7. The department, pursuant to ss. 381.0065-381.0067, part
4067 I of chapter 386, or part III of chapter 489, shall deposit any
4068 fines it collects in the county health department trust fund for
4069 use in providing services specified in those sections.
4070 8. This section provides an alternative means of enforcing
4071 ss. 381.0065-381.0067, part I of chapter 386, and part III of
4072 chapter 489. This section does not prohibit the department from
4073 enforcing ss. 381.0065-381.0067, part I of chapter 386, or part
4074 III of chapter 489, or its rules, by any other means. However,
4075 the department must elect to use only a single method of
4076 enforcement for each violation.
4077 (c) Responsible management entity personnel or personnel of
4078 entities they have contracted with to provide services may enter
4079 premises to evaluate systems for compliance. Upon determination
4080 that a noncompliance exists, the responsible maintenance entity
4081 shall notify the department for further action.
4082 (6) DUTIES AND POWERS OF THE RESPONSIBLE MANAGEMENT
4084 (a) The responsible management entity shall administer an
4085 onsite sewage treatment and disposal system evaluation program
4086 and shall adopt rules or ordinances implementing the program
4087 standards, procedures, and requirements, including, but not
4088 limited to, a schedule for a 5-year evaluation cycle, a
4089 prohibition on the land application of septage, and
4090 recommendations for repairs or replacements pursuant to this
4092 (b) Evaluation, pumpout, repair, replacement, or
4093 retrofitting services conducted under paragraph (a) shall be
4094 performed by a septic tank contractor or master septic tank
4095 contractor registered under part III of chapter 489. The
4096 responsible management entity is authorized to enter into
4097 contractual agreements with entities licensed and bonded to
4098 perform such duties.
4099 (c) The responsible management entity may charge fees for
4100 services conducted pursuant to paragraph (a). Such fees shall be
4101 recommended by the responsible management entity based on the
4102 method or formula developed under s. 381.0065(3)(o). Management
4103 costs shall be based on a cost assessment for inspection,
4104 pumpout, repair or replacement of onsite sewage treatment and
4105 disposal systems within the jurisdiction of the responsible
4106 management entity. The responsible management entity shall take
4107 into consideration the size and types of systems within their
4108 jurisdiction and may accordingly assess fees based on the size
4109 and types of systems. The average fees assessed for services
4110 provided by the responsible management entity shall not exceed
4111 the average fees assessed for centralized sewer within the same
4113 (d) Any responsible management entity created under this
4114 section is not subject to the jurisdiction of the Public Service
4116 (e) The responsible management entity shall obtain a single
4117 operating permit for all systems under its jurisdiction from the
4118 department and shall annually report to the department on its
4119 evaluations and operation and maintenance program.
4120 (f) Onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems managed by
4121 a responsible management entity are presumed to be in compliance
4122 with all water quality standards.
4123 (7) IMPLEMENTATION OF RESPONSIBLE MANAGEMENT ENTITIES.—
4124 (a) By July 1, 2012, responsible management entities
4125 created pursuant to this section shall be implemented in the
4126 following areas of the state:
4127 1. Northwestern region that includes Leon and Wakulla
4129 2. North central region that includes Citrus, Levy, and
4130 Marion Counties.
4131 3. Central region that includes Lake, Orange, and Seminole
4133 4. Southeastern region that includes Indian River, Martin,
4134 and St. Lucie Counties.
4135 5. Southwestern region that includes Charlotte, Collier and
4136 Lee Counties.
4137 (b) By January 1, 2015, the duties and powers under
4138 subsection (6) shall be implemented in all remaining areas of
4139 the state not implemented under paragraph (a).
4140 (c) Nothing in this section precludes any areas of the
4141 state from establishing responsible management entities pursuant
4142 to this section prior to any dates established herein.
4143 (8) LAND APPLICATION OF SEPTAGE PROHIBITED.—Effective
4144 January 1, 2015, the land application of septage from onsite
4145 sewage treatment and disposal systems is prohibited. The
4146 department, in consultation with the Department of Environmental
4147 Protection, and any responsible management entities, shall
4148 initiate rulemaking and develop enforcement mechanisms and
4149 penalties to implement the provisions of this subsection.
4150 Section 39. Paragraph (a) of subsection (2) of section
4151 381.00655, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
4152 381.00655 Connection of existing onsite sewage treatment
4153 and disposal systems to central sewerage system; requirements.—
4154 (2) The provisions of subsection (1) or any other provision
4155 of law to the contrary notwithstanding:
4156 (a) The local governing body of the jurisdiction in which
4157 the owner of the onsite sewage treatment and disposal system
4158 resides may provide that any connection fee charged under this
4159 section by an investor-owned sewerage system shall may be paid
4160 with revenues collected by the responsible management entity in
4161 that jurisdiction without interest in monthly installments, over
4162 a period of time not to exceed 5 years from the date the
4163 sewerage system becomes available if it determines that the
4164 owner has demonstrated a financial hardship. The local governing
4165 body shall establish criteria for making this determination
4166 which take into account the owner’s net worth, income, and
4167 financial needs.
4168 Section 40. Paragraph (m) is added to subsection (2) of
4169 section 381.0066, Florida Statutes, and subsection (3) is added
4170 to that section, to read
4171 381.0066 Onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems;
4173 (2) The minimum fees in the following fee schedule apply
4174 until changed by rule by the department within the following
4176 (m) Operating permit for responsible management entity: a
4177 fee of not less than $10 per system per year.
4179 The funds collected pursuant to this subsection must be
4180 deposited in a trust fund administered by the department, to be
4181 used for the purposes stated in this section and ss. 381.0065
4182 and 381.00655.
4183 (3) By January 1, 2015, the department shall complete an
4184 evaluation of its fee structure under the new responsible
4185 management entity program and submit the evaluation to the
4186 Legislature. The evaluation shall, at a minimum, identify any
4187 fees that may be reduced or eliminated based on the responsible
4188 management entity assuming associated duties or through
4189 streamlining of the application and permitting process. The
4190 evaluation shall also include justification for maintaining fees
4191 at the current statutory level.
4192 Section 41. Subsection (9) of section 403.086, Florida
4193 Statutes, is amended, and subsections (10) and (11) are added to
4194 that section, to read:
4195 403.086 Sewage disposal facilities; advanced and secondary
4196 waste treatment.—
4197 (9) The Legislature finds that the discharge of domestic
4198 wastewater through ocean outfalls wastes valuable water supplies
4199 that should be reclaimed for beneficial purposes to meet public
4200 and natural systems demands. The Legislature also finds that
4201 discharge of domestic wastewater through ocean outfalls
4202 compromises the coastal environment, quality of life, and local
4203 economies that depend on those resources. The Legislature
4204 declares that more stringent treatment and management
4205 requirements for such domestic wastewater and the subsequent,
4206 timely elimination of ocean outfalls as a primary means of
4207 domestic wastewater discharge are in the public interest.
4208 (a) The construction of new ocean outfalls for domestic
4209 wastewater discharge and the expansion of existing ocean
4210 outfalls for this purpose, along with associated pumping and
4211 piping systems, are prohibited. Each domestic wastewater ocean
4212 outfall shall be limited to the discharge capacity specified in
4213 the department permit authorizing the outfall in effect on July
4214 1, 2008, which discharge capacity shall not be increased.
4215 Maintenance of existing, department-authorized domestic
4216 wastewater ocean outfalls and associated pumping and piping
4217 systems is allowed, subject to the requirements of this section.
4218 The department is directed to work with the United States
4219 Environmental Protection Agency to ensure that the requirements
4220 of this subsection are implemented consistently for all domestic
4221 wastewater facilities in Florida which discharge through ocean
4223 (b) The discharge of domestic wastewater through ocean
4224 outfalls shall meet advanced wastewater treatment and management
4225 requirements no later than December 31, 2018. For purposes of
4226 this subsection, the term “advanced wastewater treatment and
4227 management requirements” means the advanced waste treatment
4228 requirements set forth in subsection (4), a reduction in outfall
4229 baseline loadings of total nitrogen and total phosphorus which
4230 is equivalent to that which would be achieved by the advanced
4231 waste treatment requirements in subsection (4), or a reduction
4232 in cumulative outfall loadings of total nitrogen and total
4233 phosphorus occurring between December 31, 2008, and December 31,
4234 2025, which is equivalent to that which would be achieved if the
4235 advanced waste treatment requirements in subsection (4) were
4236 fully implemented beginning December 31, 2018, and continued
4237 through December 31, 2025. The department shall establish the
4238 average baseline loadings of total nitrogen and total phosphorus
4239 for each outfall using monitoring data available for calendar
4240 years 2003 through 2007 and shall establish required loading
4241 reductions based on this baseline. The baseline loadings and
4242 required loading reductions of total nitrogen and total
4243 phosphorus shall be expressed as an average annual daily loading
4244 value. The advanced wastewater treatment and management
4245 requirements of this paragraph shall be deemed to be met for any
4246 domestic wastewater facility discharging through an ocean
4247 outfall on July 1, 2008, which has installed no later than
4248 December 31, 2018, a fully operational reuse system comprising
4249 100 percent of the facility’s annual average daily flow for
4250 reuse activities authorized by the department.
4251 (c) Each domestic wastewater facility that discharges
4252 through an ocean outfall on July 1, 2008, shall install a
4253 functioning reuse system no later than December 31, 2025. For
4254 purposes of this subsection, a “functioning reuse system” means
4255 an environmentally, economically, and technically feasible
4256 system that provides a minimum of 60 percent of the facility’s
4257 actual flow on an annual basis for irrigation of public access
4258 areas, residential properties, or agricultural crops; aquifer
4259 recharge; groundwater recharge; industrial cooling; or other
4260 acceptable reuse purposes authorized by the department. For
4261 purposes of this subsection, the term “facility’s actual flow on
4262 an annual basis” means the annual average flow of domestic
4263 wastewater discharging through the facility’s ocean outfall, as
4264 determined by the department, using monitoring data available
4265 for calendar years 2003 through 2007. Diversion of flows from
4266 these facilities to other facilities that provide 100 percent
4267 reuse of the diverted flows prior to December 31, 2025, shall be
4268 considered to contribute to meeting the 60-percent reuse
4269 requirement. For utilities operating more than one outfall, the
4270 reuse requirement can be met if the combined actual reuse flows
4271 from facilities served by the outfalls is at least 60 percent of
4272 the sum of the total actual flows from these facilities,
4273 including flows diverted to other facilities for 100 percent
4274 reuse prior to December 31, 2025. In the event treatment in
4275 addition to the advanced wastewater treatment and management
4276 requirements described in paragraph (b) is needed in order to
4277 support a functioning reuse system, such treatment shall be
4278 fully operational no later than December 31, 2025.
4279 (d) The discharge of domestic wastewater through ocean
4280 outfalls is prohibited after December 31, 2025, except as a
4281 backup discharge that is part of a functioning reuse system
4282 authorized by the department as provided for in paragraph (c). A
4283 backup discharge may occur only during periods of reduced demand
4284 for reclaimed water in the reuse system, such as periods of wet
4285 weather, and shall comply with the advanced wastewater treatment
4286 and management requirements of paragraph (b).
4287 (e) The holder of a department permit authorizing the
4288 discharge of domestic wastewater through an ocean outfall as of
4289 July 1, 2008, shall submit to the secretary of the department
4290 the following:
4291 1. A detailed plan to meet the requirements of this
4292 subsection, including an identification of all land acquisition
4293 and facilities necessary to provide for reuse of the domestic
4294 wastewater; an analysis of the costs to meet the requirements;
4295 and a financing plan for meeting the requirements, including
4296 identifying any actions necessary to implement the financing
4297 plan, such as bond issuance or other borrowing, assessments,
4298 rate increases, fees, other charges, or other financing
4299 mechanisms. The plan shall include a detailed schedule for the
4300 completion of all necessary actions and shall be accompanied by
4301 supporting data and other documentation. The plan shall be
4302 submitted no later than July 1, 2013.
4303 2. No later than July 1, 2016, an update of the plan
4304 required in subparagraph 1. documenting any refinements or
4305 changes in the costs, actions, or financing necessary to
4306 eliminate the ocean outfall discharge in accordance with this
4307 subsection or a written statement that the plan is current and
4309 (f) By December 31, 2009, and by December 31 every 5 years
4310 thereafter, the holder of a department permit authorizing the
4311 discharge of domestic wastewater through an ocean outfall shall
4312 submit to the secretary of the department a report summarizing
4313 the actions accomplished to date and the actions remaining and
4314 proposed to meet the requirements of this subsection, including
4315 progress toward meeting the specific deadlines set forth in
4316 paragraphs (b) through (e). The report shall include the
4317 detailed schedule for and status of the evaluation of reuse and
4318 disposal options, preparation of preliminary design reports,
4319 preparation and submittal of permit applications, construction
4320 initiation, construction progress milestones, construction
4321 completion, initiation of operation, and continuing operation
4322 and maintenance.
4323 (g) No later than July 1, 2010, and by July 1 every 5 years
4324 thereafter, the department shall submit a report to the
4325 Governor, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the
4326 House of Representatives on the implementation of this
4327 subsection. The report shall summarize progress to date,
4328 including the increased amount of reclaimed water provided and
4329 potable water offsets achieved, and identify any obstacles to
4330 continued progress, including all instances of substantial
4332 (h) By February 1, 2012, the department shall submit a
4333 report to the Governor and Legislature detailing the results and
4334 recommendations from phases 1 through 3 of its ongoing study on
4335 reclaimed water use.
4336 (i) (h) The renewal of each permit that authorizes the
4337 discharge of domestic wastewater through an ocean outfall as of
4338 July 1, 2008, shall be accompanied by an order in accordance
4339 with s. 403.088(2)(e) and (f) which establishes an enforceable
4340 compliance schedule consistent with the requirements of this
4342 (j) An entity that diverts wastewater flow from a receiving
4343 facility that discharges domestic wastewater through an ocean
4344 outfall must meet the 60 percent reuse requirement of paragraph
4345 (c). Reuse by the diverting entity of the diverted flows shall
4346 be credited to the diverting entity. The diverted flow must also
4347 be deducted from the receiving facility’s actual flow on an
4348 annual basis as determined under paragraph (c) and the receiving
4349 facility’s reuse requirement recalculated accordingly.
4350 (10) The Legislature finds that the discharge of
4351 inadequately treated and managed domestic wastewater from dozens
4352 of small wastewater facilities and thousands of septic tanks and
4353 other onsite systems in the Florida Keys compromises the quality
4354 of the coastal environment, including nearshore and offshore
4355 waters, and threatens the quality of life and local economies
4356 that depend on those resources. The Legislature also finds that
4357 the only practical and cost-effective way to fundamentally
4358 improve wastewater management in the Florida Keys is for the
4359 local governments in Monroe County, including those special
4360 districts established for the purpose of collection,
4361 transmission, treatment, or disposal of sewage, to timely
4362 complete the wastewater or sewage treatment and disposal
4363 facilities initiated under the work program of Administration
4364 Commission rule 28-20, Florida Administrative Code, and the
4365 Monroe County Sanitary Master Wastewater Plan, dated June 2000.
4366 The Legislature therefore declares that the construction and
4367 operation of comprehensive central wastewater systems in
4368 accordance with this subsection is in the public interest. To
4369 give effect to those findings, the requirements of this
4370 subsection apply to all domestic wastewater facilities in Monroe
4371 County, including privately owned facilities, unless otherwise
4372 provided under this subsection.
4373 (a) The discharge of domestic wastewater into surface
4374 waters is prohibited.
4375 (b) Monroe County, each municipality, and those special
4376 districts established for the purpose of collection,
4377 transmission, treatment, or disposal of sewage in Monroe County
4378 shall complete the wastewater collection, treatment, and
4379 disposal facilities within its jurisdiction designated as hot
4380 spots in the Monroe County Sanitary Master Wastewater Plan,
4381 dated June 2000, specifically listed in Exhibits 6-1 through 6-3
4382 of Chapter 6 of the plan and mapped in Exhibit F-1 of Appendix F
4383 of the plan. The required facilities and connections, and any
4384 additional facilities or other adjustments required by rules
4385 adopted by the Administration Commission under s. 380.0552, must
4386 be completed by December 31, 2015, pursuant to specific
4387 schedules established by the commission. Domestic wastewater
4388 facilities located outside local government and special district
4389 service areas must meet the treatment and disposal requirements
4390 of this subsection by December 31, 2015.
4391 (c) After December 31, 2015, all new or expanded domestic
4392 wastewater discharges must comply with the treatment and
4393 disposal requirements of this subsection and department rules.
4394 (d) Wastewater treatment facilities having design
4396 1. Greater than or equal to 100,000 gallons per day must
4397 provide basic disinfection as defined by department rule and the
4398 level of treatment which, on a permitted annual average basis,
4399 produces an effluent that contains no more than the following
4401 a. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (CBOD5) of 5 mg/l.
4402 b. Suspended Solids of 5 mg/l.
4403 c. Total Nitrogen, expressed as N, of 3 mg/l.
4404 d. Total Phosphorus, expressed as P, of 1 mg/l.
4405 2. Less than 100,000 gallons per day must provide basic
4406 disinfection as defined by department rule and the level of
4407 treatment which, on a permitted annual average basis, produces
4408 an effluent that contains no more than the following
4410 a. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (CBOD5) of 10 mg/l.
4411 b. Suspended Solids of 10 mg/l.
4412 c. Total Nitrogen, expressed as N, of 10 mg/l.
4413 d. Total Phosphorus, expressed as P, of 1 mg/l.
4414 (e) Class V injection wells, as defined by department or
4415 Department of Health rule, must meet the following requirements
4416 and otherwise comply with department or Department of Health
4417 rules, as applicable:
4418 1. If the design capacity of the facility is less than 1
4419 million gallons per day, the injection well must be at least 90
4420 feet deep and cased to a minimum depth of 60 feet or to such
4421 greater cased depth and total well depth as may be required by
4422 department rule.
4423 2. Except as provided in subparagraph 3. for backup wells,
4424 if the design capacity of the facility is equal to or greater
4425 than 1 million gallons per day, each primary injection well must
4426 be cased to a minimum depth of 2,000 feet or to such greater
4427 depth as may be required by department rule.
4428 3. If an injection well is used as a backup to a primary
4429 injection well, the following conditions apply:
4430 a. The backup well may be used only when the primary
4431 injection well is out of service because of equipment failure,
4432 power failure, or the need for mechanical integrity testing or
4434 b. The backup well may not be used for more than a total of
4435 500 hours during any 5-year period unless specifically
4436 authorized in writing by the department;
4437 c. The backup well must be at least 90 feet deep and cased
4438 to a minimum depth of 60 feet, or to such greater cased depth
4439 and total well depth as may be required by department rule; and
4440 d. Fluid injected into the backup well must meet the
4441 requirements of paragraph (d).
4442 (f) The requirements of paragraphs (d) and (e) do not apply
4444 1. Class I injection wells as defined by department rule,
4445 including any authorized mechanical integrity tests;
4446 2. Authorized mechanical integrity tests associated with
4447 Class V wells as defined by department rule; or
4448 3. The following types of reuse systems authorized by
4449 department rule:
4450 a. Slow-rate land application systems;
4451 b. Industrial uses of reclaimed water; and
4452 c. Use of reclaimed water for toilet flushing, fire
4453 protection, vehicle washing, construction dust control, and
4454 decorative water features.
4456 However, disposal systems serving as backups to reuse systems
4457 must comply with the other provisions of this subsection.
4458 (g) For wastewater treatment facilities in operation as of
4459 July 1, 2010, which are located within areas to be served by
4460 Monroe County, municipalities in Monroe County, or those special
4461 districts established for the purpose of collection,
4462 transmission, treatment, or disposal of sewage but which are
4463 owned by other entities, the requirements of paragraphs (d) and
4464 (e) do not apply until January 1, 2016. Wastewater operating
4465 permits issued pursuant to this chapter and in effect for these
4466 facilities as of June 30, 2010, are extended until December 31,
4467 2015, or until the facility is connected to a local government
4468 central wastewater system, whichever occurs first. Wastewater
4469 treatment facilities in operation after December 31, 2015, must
4470 comply with the treatment and disposal requirements of this
4471 subsection and department rules.
4472 (h) If it is demonstrated that a discharge, even if the
4473 discharge is otherwise in compliance with this subsection, will
4474 cause or contribute to a violation of state water quality
4475 standards, the department shall:
4476 1. Require more stringent effluent limitations;
4477 2. Order the point or method of discharge changed;
4478 3. Limit the duration or volume of the discharge; or
4479 4. Prohibit the discharge.
4480 (i) All sewage treatment facilities must monitor effluent
4481 for total nitrogen and total phosphorus concentration as
4482 required by department rule.
4483 (j) The department shall require the levels of operator
4484 certification and staffing necessary to ensure proper operation
4485 and maintenance of sewage facilities.
4486 (k) The department may adopt rules necessary to carry out
4487 this subsection.
4488 (l) The county, each municipality, and those special
4489 districts established for the purpose of collection,
4490 transmission, treatment, or disposal of sewage may require
4491 connecting wastewater treatment facilities owned by other
4492 entities to a central sewer system within 30 days after notice
4493 of availability of service.
4494 (11) The land application of class AA, class A and class B
4495 wastewater residuals, as defined by department rule, is
4496 prohibited after July 1, 2015. The prohibition does not apply to
4497 Class AA residuals that are marketed, distributed and applied as
4498 fertilizer products in accordance with department rule, provided
4499 they are applied at the proper agronomic rate. The department
4500 shall initiate rulemaking and develop enforcement mechanisms and
4501 penalties to implement the provisions of this subsection.
4502 Section 42. Section 4 of chapter 99-395, Laws of Florida,
4503 as amended by section 6 of chapter 2006-223, Laws of Florida;
4504 section 5 of chapter 99-395, Laws of Florida; and section 6 of
4505 chapter 99-395, Laws of Florida, as amended by section 1 of
4506 chapter 2001-337, and section 1 of chapter 2004-455, Laws of
4507 Florida, are repealed.
4508 Section 43. Paragraph (o) of subsection (3) of section
4509 11.45, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
4510 11.45 Definitions; duties; authorities; reports; rules.—
4511 (3) AUTHORITY FOR AUDITS AND OTHER ENGAGEMENTS.—The Auditor
4512 General may, pursuant to his or her own authority, or at the
4513 direction of the Legislative Auditing Committee, conduct audits
4514 or other engagements as determined appropriate by the Auditor
4515 General of:
4516 (o) The Florida Water Pollution Control and Drinking Water
4517 Financing Corporation created pursuant to s. 403.1837.
4518 Section 44. Subsection (2) of section 403.1835, Florida
4519 Statutes, is reordered and amended, and subsections (3) and (10)
4520 of that section is amended, to read:
4521 403.1835 Water pollution control financial assistance.—
4522 (2) As used in For the purposes of this section and s.
4523 403.1837, the term:
4524 (c) (a) “Local governmental agencies” refers to any
4525 municipality, county, district, or authority, or any agency
4526 thereof, or a combination of two or more of the foregoing,
4527 acting jointly in connection with a project having jurisdiction
4528 over collection, transmission, treatment, or disposal of sewage,
4529 industrial wastes, stormwater, or other wastes and includes a
4530 district or authority whose the principal responsibility of
4531 which is to provide airport, industrial or research park, or
4532 port facilities to the public.
4533 (a) (b) “Bonds” means bonds, certificates, or other
4534 obligations of indebtedness issued by the Florida Water
4535 Pollution Control Financing corporation under this section and
4536 s. 403.1837.
4537 (b) (c) “Corporation” means the Florida Water Pollution
4538 Control and Drinking Water Financing Corporation created under
4539 s. 403.1837.
4540 (3) The department may provide financial assistance through
4541 any program authorized under 33 U.S.C. s. 1383 s.603 of the
4542 Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act), Pub. L.
4543 No. 92-500, as amended, including, but not limited to, making
4544 grants and loans, providing loan guarantees, purchasing loan
4545 insurance or other credit enhancements, and buying or
4546 refinancing local debt. This financial assistance must be
4547 administered in accordance with this section and applicable
4548 federal authorities. The department shall administer all
4549 programs operated from funds secured through the activities of
4550 the Florida Water Pollution Control Financing corporation under
4551 s. 403.1837 , to fulfill the purposes of this section.
4552 (a) The department may make or request the corporation to
4553 make loans to local government agencies, which agencies may
4554 pledge any revenue available to them to repay any funds
4556 (b) The department may make or request the corporation to
4557 make loans, grants, and deposits to other entities eligible to
4558 participate in the financial assistance programs authorized
4559 under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, or as a result of
4560 other federal action, which entities may pledge any revenue
4561 available to them to repay any funds borrowed. Notwithstanding
4562 s. 17.57, the department may make deposits to financial
4563 institutions that which earn less than the prevailing rate for
4564 United States Treasury securities that have with corresponding
4565 maturities for the purpose of enabling such financial
4566 institutions to make below-market interest rate loans to
4567 entities qualified to receive loans under this section and the
4568 rules of the department.
4569 (c) The department shall administer financial assistance so
4570 that at least 15 percent of the funding made available each year
4571 under this section is reserved for use by small communities
4572 during the year it is reserved.
4573 (d) The department may make grants to financially
4574 disadvantaged small communities, as defined in s. 403.1838,
4575 using funds made available from grant allocations on loans
4576 authorized under subsection (4). The grants must be administered
4577 in accordance with s. 403.1838.
4578 (10) The department may adopt rules regarding program
4579 administration; project eligibilities and priorities, including
4580 the development and management of project priority lists;
4581 financial assistance application requirements associated with
4582 planning, design, construction, and implementation activities,
4583 including environmental and engineering requirements; financial
4584 assistance agreement conditions; disbursement and repayment
4585 provisions; auditing provisions; program exceptions; the
4586 procedural and contractual relationship between the department
4587 and the Florida Water Pollution Control Financing corporation
4588 under s. 403.1837; and other provisions consistent with the
4589 purposes of this section.
4590 Section 45. Section 403.1837, Florida Statutes, is amended
4591 to read:
4592 403.1837 Florida Water Pollution Control and Drinking Water
4593 Financing Corporation.—
4594 (1) The Florida Water Pollution Control and Drinking Water
4595 Financing Corporation is created as a nonprofit public-benefit
4596 corporation for the purpose of financing or refinancing the
4597 costs of water pollution control projects and activities
4598 described in ss. s. 403.1835 and 403.8532. The projects and
4599 activities described in those sections that section are found to
4600 constitute a public governmental purpose; are be necessary for
4601 the health, safety, and welfare of all residents; and include
4602 legislatively approved fixed capital outlay projects. Fulfilling
4603 The fulfillment of the purposes of the corporation promotes the
4604 health, safety, and welfare of the people of the state and
4605 serves essential governmental functions and a paramount public
4606 purpose. The activities of the corporation are specifically
4607 limited to assisting the department in implementing financing
4608 activities to provide funding for the programs authorized in ss.
4609 s. 403.1835 and 403.8532. All other activities relating to the
4610 purposes for which the corporation raises funds are the
4611 responsibility of the department, including, but not limited to,
4612 development of program criteria, review of applications for
4613 financial assistance, decisions relating to the number and
4614 amount of loans or other financial assistance to be provided,
4615 and enforcement of the terms of any financial assistance
4616 agreements provided through funds raised by the corporation. The
4617 corporation shall terminate upon fulfilling fulfillment of the
4618 purposes of this section.
4619 (2) The corporation shall be governed by a board of
4620 directors consisting of the Governor’s Budget Director or the
4621 budget director’s designee, the Chief Financial Officer or the
4622 Chief Financial Officer’s designee, and the Secretary of
4623 Environmental Protection or the secretary’s designee. The
4624 executive director of the State Board of Administration shall be
4625 the chief executive officer of the corporation; shall direct and
4626 supervise the administrative affairs of the corporation; and
4627 shall control, direct, and supervise operation of the
4628 corporation. The corporation shall have such other officers as
4629 may be determined by the board of directors.
4630 (3) The corporation shall have all the powers of a
4631 corporate body under the laws of the state, consistent to the
4632 extent not inconsistent with or restricted by this section,
4633 including, but not limited to, the power to:
4634 (a) Adopt, amend, and repeal bylaws consistent not
4635 inconsistent with this section.
4636 (b) Sue and be sued.
4637 (c) Adopt and use a common seal.
4638 (d) Acquire, purchase, hold, lease, and convey any real and
4639 personal property as may be proper or expedient to carry out the
4640 purposes of the corporation and this section, and to sell,
4641 lease, or otherwise dispose of that property.
4642 (e) Elect or appoint and employ such officers, agents, and
4643 employees as the corporation considers advisable to operate and
4644 manage the affairs of the corporation, who which officers,
4645 agents, and employees may be officers or employees of the
4646 department and the state agencies represented on the board of
4647 directors of the corporation.
4648 (f) Borrow money and issue notes, bonds, certificates of
4649 indebtedness, or other obligations or evidences of indebtedness
4650 described in s. 403.1835 or s. 403.8532.
4651 (g) Operate, as specifically directed by the department,
4652 any program to provide financial assistance authorized under s.
4653 403.1835(3) or s. 403.8532(3), which may be funded from any
4654 funds received under a service contract with the department,
4655 from the proceeds of bonds issued by the corporation, or from
4656 any other funding sources obtained by the corporation.
4657 (h) Sell all or any portion of the loans issued under s.
4658 403.1835 or s. 403.8532 to accomplish the purposes of those
4659 sections this section and s. 403.1835.
4660 (i) Make and execute any contracts, trust agreements, and
4661 other instruments and agreements necessary or convenient to
4662 accomplish the purposes of the corporation and this section.
4663 (j) Select, retain, and employ professionals, contractors,
4664 or agents, which may include the Division of Bond Finance of the
4665 State Board of Administration, as are necessary or convenient to
4666 enable or assist the corporation in carrying out its purposes
4667 and this section.
4668 (k) Do any act or thing necessary or convenient to carry
4669 out the purposes of the corporation and this section.
4670 (4) The corporation shall evaluate all financial and market
4671 conditions necessary and prudent for the purpose of making
4672 sound, financially responsible, and cost-effective decisions in
4673 order to secure additional funds to fulfill the purposes of this
4674 section and ss. s. 403.1835 and 403.8532.
4675 (5) The corporation may enter into one or more service
4676 contracts with the department under which the corporation shall
4677 provide services to the department in connection with financing
4678 the functions, projects, and activities provided for in ss. s.
4679 403.1835 and 403.8532. The department may enter into one or more
4680 service contracts with the corporation and provide for payments
4681 under those contracts pursuant to s. 403.1835(9) or s. 403.8533,
4682 subject to annual appropriation by the Legislature.
4683 (a) The service contracts may provide for the transfer of
4684 all or a portion of the funds in the Wastewater Treatment and
4685 Stormwater Management Revolving Loan Trust Fund and the Drinking
4686 Water Revolving Loan Trust Fund to the corporation for use by
4687 the corporation for costs incurred by the corporation in its
4688 operations, including, but not limited to, payment of debt
4689 service, reserves, or other costs in relation to bonds issued by
4690 the corporation, for use by the corporation at the request of
4691 the department to directly provide the types of local financial
4692 assistance provided for in ss. s. 403.1835(3) and 403.8532(3),
4693 or for payment of the administrative costs of the corporation.
4694 (b) The department may not transfer funds under any service
4695 contract with the corporation without a specific appropriation
4696 for such purpose in the General Appropriations Act, except for
4697 administrative expenses incurred by the State Board of
4698 Administration or other expenses necessary under documents
4699 authorizing or securing previously issued bonds of the
4700 corporation. The service contracts may also provide for the
4701 assignment or transfer to the corporation of any loans made by
4702 the department.
4703 (c) The service contracts may establish the operating
4704 relationship between the department and the corporation and must
4705 shall require the department to request the corporation to issue
4706 bonds before any issuance of bonds by the corporation, to take
4707 any actions necessary to enforce the agreements entered into
4708 between the corporation and other parties, and to take all other
4709 actions necessary to assist the corporation in its operations.
4710 (d) In compliance with s. 287.0641 and other applicable
4711 provisions of law, the obligations of the department under the
4712 service contracts do not constitute a general obligation of the
4713 state or a pledge of the faith and credit or taxing power of the
4714 state, nor may the obligations be construed in any manner as an
4715 obligation of the State Board of Administration or entities for
4716 which it invests funds, or of the department except as provided
4717 in this section as payable solely from amounts available under
4718 any service contract between the corporation and the department,
4719 subject to appropriation.
4720 (e) In compliance with this subsection and s. 287.0582,
4721 service contracts must expressly include the following
4722 statement: “The State of Florida’s performance and obligation to
4723 pay under this contract is contingent upon an annual
4724 appropriation by the Legislature.”
4725 (6) The corporation may issue and incur notes, bonds,
4726 certificates of indebtedness, or other obligations or evidences
4727 of indebtedness payable from and secured by amounts received
4728 from payment of loans and other moneys received by the
4729 corporation, including, but not limited to, amounts payable to
4730 the corporation by the department under a service contract
4731 entered into under subsection (5). The proceeds of the bonds may
4732 be used for the purpose of providing funds for projects and
4733 activities provided for in subsection (1) or for refunding bonds
4734 previously issued by the corporation. The corporation may select
4735 a financing team and issue obligations through competitive
4736 bidding or negotiated contracts, whichever is most cost
4737 effective. Any Such indebtedness of the corporation does not
4738 constitute a debt or obligation of the state or a pledge of the
4739 faith and credit or taxing power of the state.
4740 (7) The corporation is exempt from taxation and assessments
4741 of any nature whatsoever upon its income and any property,
4742 assets, or revenues acquired, received, or used in the
4743 furtherance of the purposes provided in ss. 403.1835, and
4744 403.1838, and 403.8532. The obligations of the corporation
4745 incurred under subsection (6) and the interest and income on the
4746 obligations and all security agreements, letters of credit,
4747 liquidity facilities, or other obligations or instruments
4748 arising out of, entered into in connection with, or given to
4749 secure payment of the obligations are exempt from all taxation;
4750 however, the exemption does not apply to any tax imposed by
4751 chapter 220 on the interest, income, or profits on debt
4752 obligations owned by corporations.
4753 (8) The corporation shall validate any bonds issued under
4754 this section, except refunding bonds, which may be validated at
4755 the option of the corporation, by proceedings under chapter 75.
4756 The validation complaint must be filed only in the Circuit Court
4757 for Leon County. The notice required under s. 75.06 must be
4758 published in Leon County, and the complaint and order of the
4759 circuit court shall be served only on the State Attorney for the
4760 Second Judicial Circuit. Sections 75.04(2) and 75.06(2) do not
4761 apply to a validation complaint filed as authorized in this
4762 subsection. The validation of the first bonds issued under this
4763 section may be appealed to the Supreme Court, and the appeal
4764 shall be handled on an expedited basis.
4765 (9) The corporation and the department may shall not take
4766 any action that will materially and adversely affects affect the
4767 rights of holders of any obligations issued under this section
4768 as long as the obligations are outstanding.
4769 (10) The corporation is not a special district for purposes
4770 of chapter 189 or a unit of local government for purposes of
4771 part III of chapter 218. The provisions of chapters 120 and 215,
4772 except the limitation on interest rates provided by s. 215.84,
4773 which applies to obligations of the corporation issued under
4774 this section, and part I of chapter 287, except ss. 287.0582 and
4775 287.0641, do not apply to this section, the corporation created
4776 in this section, the service contracts entered into under this
4777 section, or debt obligations issued by the corporation as
4778 provided in this section.
4779 (11) The benefits or earnings of the corporation may not
4780 inure to the benefit of any private person, except persons
4781 receiving grants and loans under s. 403.1835 or s. 403.8532.
4782 (12) Upon dissolution of the corporation, title to all
4783 property owned by the corporation reverts to the department.
4784 (13) The corporation may contract with the State Board of
4785 Administration to serve as trustee with respect to debt
4786 obligations issued by the corporation as provided by this
4787 section; to hold, administer, and invest proceeds of those debt
4788 obligations and other funds of the corporation; and to perform
4789 other services required by the corporation. The State Board of
4790 Administration may perform these services and may contract with
4791 others to provide all or a part of those services and to recover
4792 the costs and expenses of providing those services.
4793 Section 46. Subsections (2), (3), (9), and (14) of section
4794 403.8532, Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
4795 403.8532 Drinking water state revolving loan fund; use;
4797 (2) For purposes of this section, the term:
4798 (a) “Bonds” means bonds, certificates, or other obligations
4799 of indebtedness issued by the corporation under this section and
4800 s. 403.1837.
4801 (b) “Corporation” means the Florida Water Pollution Control
4802 and Drinking Water Financing Corporation created pursuant to s.
4804 (c) (a) “Financially disadvantaged community” means the
4805 service area of a project to be served by a public water system
4806 that meets criteria established by department rule and in
4807 accordance with federal guidance.
4808 (d) (b) “Local governmental agency” means any municipality,
4809 county, district, or authority, or any agency thereof, or a
4810 combination of two or more of the foregoing acting jointly in
4811 connection with a project, having jurisdiction over a public
4812 water system.
4813 (e) (c) “Public water system” means all facilities,
4814 including land, necessary for the treatment and distribution of
4815 water for human consumption and includes public water systems as
4816 defined in s. 403.852 and as otherwise defined in the federal
4817 Safe Drinking Water Act, as amended. Such systems may be
4818 publicly owned, privately owned, investor-owned, or
4819 cooperatively held.
4820 (f) (d) “Small public water system” means a public water
4821 system that which regularly serves fewer than 10,000 people.
4822 (3) The department may is authorized to make, or request
4823 that the corporation make, loans, grants, and deposits to
4824 community water systems, nonprofit transient noncommunity water
4825 systems, and nonprofit nontransient noncommunity water systems
4826 to assist them in planning, designing, and constructing public
4827 water systems, unless such public water systems are for-profit
4828 privately owned or investor-owned systems that regularly serve
4829 1,500 service connections or more within a single certified or
4830 franchised area. However, a for-profit privately owned or
4831 investor-owned public water system that regularly serves 1,500
4832 service connections or more within a single certified or
4833 franchised area may qualify for a loan only if the proposed
4834 project will result in the consolidation of two or more public
4835 water systems. The department may is authorized to provide loan
4836 guarantees, to purchase loan insurance, and to refinance local
4837 debt through the issue of new loans for projects approved by the
4838 department. Public water systems may are authorized to borrow
4839 funds made available pursuant to this section and may pledge any
4840 revenues or other adequate security available to them to repay
4841 any funds borrowed.
4842 (a) The department shall administer loans so that amounts
4843 credited to the Drinking Water Revolving Loan Trust Fund in any
4844 fiscal year are reserved for the following purposes:
4845 1. (a) At least 15 percent for to qualifying small public
4846 water systems.
4847 2. (b) Up to 15 percent for to qualifying financially
4848 disadvantaged communities.
4849 (b) (c) However, If an insufficient number of the projects
4850 for which funds are reserved under this subsection paragraph
4851 have been submitted to the department at the time the funding
4852 priority list authorized under this section is adopted, the
4853 reservation of these funds shall no longer applies apply. The
4854 department may award the unreserved funds as otherwise provided
4855 in this section.
4856 (9) The department may adopt rules regarding the procedural
4857 and contractual relationship between the department and the
4858 corporation under s. 403.1837 and is authorized to make rules
4859 necessary to carry out the purposes of this section and the
4860 federal Safe Drinking Water Act, as amended. Such rules shall:
4861 (a) Set forth a priority system for loans based on public
4862 health considerations, compliance with state and federal
4863 requirements relating to public drinking water systems, and
4864 affordability. The priority system shall give special
4865 consideration to the following:
4866 1. Projects that provide for the development of alternative
4867 drinking water supply projects and management techniques in
4868 areas where existing source waters are limited or threatened by
4869 saltwater intrusion, excessive drawdowns, contamination, or
4870 other problems;
4871 2. Projects that provide for a dependable, sustainable
4872 supply of drinking water and that are not otherwise financially
4873 feasible; and
4874 3. Projects that contribute to the sustainability of
4875 regional water sources.
4876 (b) Establish the requirements for the award and repayment
4877 of financial assistance.
4878 (c) Require evidence of credit worthiness and adequate
4879 security, including an identification of revenues to be pledged,
4880 and documentation of their sufficiency for loan repayment and
4881 pledged revenue coverage, to ensure that each loan recipient can
4882 meet its loan repayment requirements.
4883 (d) Require each project receiving financial assistance to
4884 be cost-effective, environmentally sound, implementable, and
4886 (e) Implement other provisions of the federal Safe Drinking
4887 Water Act, as amended.
4888 (14) All moneys available for financial assistance under
4889 this section shall be deposited in The Drinking Water Revolving
4890 Loan Trust Fund established under s. 403.8533 shall be used
4891 exclusively to carry out the purposes of this section. Any funds
4892 that therein which are not needed on an immediate basis for
4893 financial assistance shall be invested pursuant to s. 215.49.
4894 State revolving fund capitalization grants awarded by the
4895 Federal Government, state matching funds, and investment
4896 earnings thereon shall be deposited into the fund. The principal
4897 and interest of all loans repaid and investment earnings thereon
4898 shall be deposited into the fund.
4899 Section 47. Section 403.8533, Florida Statutes, is amended
4900 to read:
4901 403.8533 Drinking Water Revolving Loan Trust Fund.—
4902 (1) There is created the Drinking Water Revolving Loan
4903 Trust Fund to be administered by the Department of Environmental
4904 Protection for the purposes of:
4905 (a) Funding for low-interest loans for planning,
4906 engineering design, and construction of public drinking water
4907 systems and improvements to such systems;
4908 (b) Funding for compliance activities, operator
4909 certification programs, and source water protection programs;
4911 (c) Funding for administering loans by the department; and .
4912 (d) Paying amounts payable under any service contract
4913 entered into by the department under s. 403.1837, subject to
4914 annual appropriation by the Legislature.
4915 (2) The trust fund shall be used for the deposit of all
4916 moneys awarded by the Federal Government to fund revolving loan
4917 programs. All moneys in the fund that are not needed on an
4918 immediate basis for loans shall be invested pursuant to s.
4919 215.49. The principal and interest of all loans repaid and
4920 investment earnings shall be deposited into this fund.
4921 (3) Pursuant to s. 19(f)(3), Art. III of the State
4922 Constitution, the Drinking Water Revolving Loan Trust Fund is
4923 exempt from the termination provisions of s. 19(f)(2), Art. III
4924 of the State Constitution.
4925 Section 48. Part IV of chapter 369, Florida Statutes,
4926 consisting of sections 369.401, 369.402, 369.403, 369.404,
4927 369.405, 369.406, and 369.407, is created to read:
4928 369.401 Short title.—This part may be cited as the “Florida
4929 Springs Protection Act.”
4930 369.402 Legislative findings and intent.—
4931 (1) Florida’s springs are a precious and fragile natural
4932 resource that must be protected. Springs provide recreational
4933 opportunities for swimmers, canoeists, wildlife watchers, cave
4934 divers, and others. Because of the recreational opportunities
4935 and accompanying tourism, many of the state’s springs greatly
4936 benefit state and local economies. In addition, springs provide
4937 critical habitat for plants and animals, including many
4938 endangered or threatened species, and serve as indicators of
4939 ground water and surface water quality.
4940 (2) In general, Florida’s springs, whether found in urban
4941 or rural settings, or on public or private lands, are threatened
4942 by actual, or potential, flow reductions and declining water
4943 quality. Many of Florida’s springs show signs of ecological
4944 imbalance, increased nutrient loading, and lowered water flow.
4945 Ground water sources of spring discharges are recharged by
4946 seepage from the surface and through direct conduits such as
4947 sinkholes and can be adversely affected by polluted runoff from
4948 urban and agricultural lands and discharges resulting from poor
4949 wastewater management practices.
4950 (3) Springs and ground water can be restored through good
4951 stewardship, including effective planning strategies, best
4952 management practices, and appropriate regulatory programs that
4953 preserve and protect the springs and their springsheds.
4954 369.403 Definitions.—As used in this part, the term:
4955 (1) “Cooperating entities” means the Department of
4956 Environmental Protection, the Department of Health, the
4957 Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, the Department
4958 of Community Affairs, the Department of Transportation, and each
4959 water management district and those county and municipal
4960 governments having jurisdiction in the areas of the springs
4961 identified in s. 369.404.
4962 (2) “Department” means the Department of Environmental
4964 (3) “Estimated sewage flow” means the quantity of domestic
4965 and commercial wastewater in gallons per day which is expected
4966 to be produced by an establishment or single-family residence as
4967 determined by rule of the Department of Health.
4968 (4) “First magnitude spring” means a spring that has a
4969 median discharge of greater than or equal to 100 cubic feet per
4970 second for the period of record, as determined by the
4972 (5) “Karst” means landforms, generally formed by the
4973 dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone or dolostone,
4974 forming direct connections to the ground water, such as springs,
4975 sinkholes, sinking streams, closed depressions, subterranean
4976 drainage, and caves.
4977 (6) “Onsite sewage treatment and disposal system” or
4978 “septic system” means a system that contains a standard
4979 subsurface, filled, or mound drainfield system; an aerobic
4980 treatment unit; a graywater system tank; a laundry wastewater
4981 system tank; a septic tank; a grease interceptor; a pump tank; a
4982 solids or effluent pump; a waterless, incinerating, or organic
4983 waste-composting toilet; or a sanitary pit privy that is
4984 installed or proposed to be installed beyond the building sewer
4985 on land of the owner or on other land to which the owner has the
4986 legal right to install a system. The term includes any item
4987 placed within, or intended to be used as a part of or in
4988 conjunction with, the system. This term does not include package
4989 sewage treatment facilities and other treatment works regulated
4990 under chapter 403.
4991 (7) “Second magnitude spring” means a spring that has a
4992 median discharge of 10 to 100 cubic feet per second for the
4993 period of record, as determined by the department.
4994 (8) “Spring” means a point where ground water is discharged
4995 onto the earth’s surface, including under any surface water of
4996 the state, including seeps. The term includes a spring run.
4997 (9) “Springshed” means those areas within the groundwater
4998 and surface water basins which contribute to the discharge of a
5000 (10) “Usable property” means the area of the property
5001 expressed in acres exclusive of all paved areas and prepared
5002 road beds within public or private rights-of-way or easements
5003 and exclusive of surface water bodies.
5004 369.404 Designation of spring protection zones.—
5005 (1) All counties or municipalities in which there are
5006 located first or second magnitude springs are hereby designated
5007 as spring protection zones.
5008 (2) By July 1, 2011, the department is directed to propose
5009 for adoption rules to implement the requirements of this
5011 (a) Such rules at a minimum shall create a priority list of
5012 first and second magnitude springs designating them as high,
5013 medium, or low priority based on the following measurements of
5014 nitrate concentration in the water column at the point that the
5015 spring discharges onto the earth’s surface as an average annual
5017 1. High – nitrate greater than or equal to 1.0 milligrams
5018 per liter as determined using existing water quality data;
5019 2. Medium – nitrate greater than or equal to 0.5 milligrams
5020 per liter and less than 1.0 milligrams per liter as determined
5021 using existing water quality data; and
5022 3. Low – all first or second magnitude springs not
5023 categorized as either High or Medium.
5024 (b) Based on the priority determination of the department
5025 for first and second magnitude springs, the corresponding
5026 deadlines apply to the requirements of s. 369.405 to spring
5027 protection zones as designated in this section.
5028 1. For high-priority springs, the deadline for compliance
5029 shall be no later than July 1, 2017;
5030 2. For medium-priority springs, the deadline for compliance
5031 shall be no later than July 1, 2020; and
5032 3. For low-priority springs, the deadline for compliance
5033 shall be no later than July 1, 2025.
5034 (3) By July 1, 2011, the department is directed to propose
5035 for adoption rules that provide the minimum scientific
5036 methodologies, data, or tools that shall be used by a county or
5037 municipal government to support the request for an exemption as
5038 provided for in subsection (4).
5039 (4) A county or municipal government, upon application to
5040 the department, may seek to have specific geographic areas
5041 exempted from the requirements of ss. 369.405, 369.406, and
5042 369.407 by demonstrating that activities within such areas will
5043 not lead to a violation of numeric nutrient criteria established
5044 under s. 403.067 for springsheds.
5045 (5) Pursuant to subsection (4), the department may approve
5046 or deny an application for an exemption, or may modify the
5047 boundaries of the specific geographic areas for which an
5048 exemption is sought. The ruling of the department on the
5049 applicant’s request shall constitute a final agency action
5050 subject to review pursuant to ss. 120.569 and 120.57.
5051 (6) By July 1, 2012, the department must conduct a study
5052 and report its findings of nitrate concentrations within spring
5053 protection zones designated pursuant to this section.
5054 369.405 Requirements for spring protection zones.—The
5055 requirements of this section are subject to the timelines
5056 established in s. 369.404.
5057 (1) Agricultural operations must implement applicable best
5058 management practices, including nutrient management, adopted by
5059 the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services to reduce
5060 nitrogen impacts to ground water. By December 31, 2010, the
5061 Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, in cooperation
5062 with the other cooperating entities and stakeholders, must
5063 develop and propose for adoption by rule equine, and cow and
5064 calf best-management practices pursuant to this paragraph.
5065 Implementation must be in accordance with s. 403.067(7)(b).
5066 (2) Local governments in cooperation with the water
5067 management districts must develop and implement a remediation
5068 plan to reduce nitrogen loading to ground water, including
5069 reducing existing direct discharges of stormwater into ground
5070 water through karst features to the maximum extent practicable.
5071 The department shall review and approve the remediation plan
5072 prior to implementation.
5073 369.406 Additional requirements for all spring protection
5075 (1) All new septic systems installed on or after January 1,
5076 2011 that are located on properties abutting a water body or
5077 water segment that is listed as impaired pursuant to s. 403.067,
5078 or properties within a designated spring protection zone
5079 pursuant to s. 369.404, must be designed to meet a target annual
5080 average groundwater concentration of no more than 3 milligrams
5081 per liter total nitrogen at the owner’s property line.
5082 Compliance with these requirements does not require groundwater
5083 monitoring. The Department of Health in cooperation with the
5084 department must initiate and develop by rule design standards
5085 for achieving this target annual average groundwater
5086 concentration. At a minimum, this standard must take into
5087 consideration the relationship between the treatment level
5088 achieved by the septic system and the area of usable property
5089 available for rainwater dilution. Such design standards adopted
5090 by the Department of Health must provide multiple options that
5091 may be used to meet the standards established in s. 369.406(3).
5092 Rules developed pursuant to this paragraph are not subject to
5093 review under s. 381.0068.
5094 (2) Subsection (1) does not supersede the jurisdictional
5095 flow limits established in s. 381.0065(3)(b).
5096 (3) Land application of septage is prohibited and subject
5097 to a $250 fine for a first offense and $500 fine for a second or
5098 subsequent offense pursuant to the authority granted to the
5099 Department of Health in s. 381.0065(3)(h).
5100 (4) Any septic system, when requiring repair, modification,
5101 or reapproval, must meet a 24-inch separation from the wet
5102 season water table and the surface water setback requirements in
5103 s. 381.0065(4). All treatment receptacles must be within one
5104 size of the requirements in rules of the Department of Health
5105 and must be tested for watertightness by a septic tank
5106 contractor or master septic tank contractor registered under
5107 part III of chapter 489.
5108 (5) After July 1, 2011, land application of Class A, Class
5109 B, or Class AA wastewater residuals, as defined by department
5110 rule, is prohibited. This prohibition does not apply to Class AA
5111 residuals that are marketed, distributed and applied as
5112 fertilizer products in accordance with department rule.
5113 (6) Animal feeding operations must implement the
5114 requirements of rules adopted by the department to reduce
5115 nitrogen impacts to ground water. By December 31, 2010, the
5116 department, in cooperation with the other cooperating entities
5117 and stakeholders, must develop and propose for adoption, revised
5118 rules for animal feeding operations which address requirements
5119 for lined wastewater storage ponds and the development and
5120 implementation of nutrient management plans, including the land
5121 spreading of animal waste not treated and packaged as
5123 369.407 Rules.—
5124 (1) The department, the Department of Health, and the
5125 Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services may adopt rules
5126 pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to administer the
5127 provisions of this part, as applicable.
5128 (2)(a) The Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
5129 shall be the lead agency coordinating the reduction of
5130 agricultural nonpoint sources of pollution for springs
5131 protection. The Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
5132 and the department, pursuant to s. 403.067(7)(c)4., shall study
5133 and if necessary, in cooperation with the other cooperating
5134 entities, applicable county and municipal governments, and
5135 stakeholders, initiate rulemaking to implement new or revised
5136 best-management practices for improving and protecting springs.
5137 As needed to implement the new or revised practices, the
5138 Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, shall revise
5139 its best-management practices rules to require implementation of
5140 the modified practice within a reasonable time period as
5141 specified in the rule.
5142 (b) The Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services,
5143 the department, and the University of Florida’s Institute of
5144 Food and Agricultural Sciences shall cooperate in the conduct of
5145 necessary research and demonstration projects to develop
5146 improved or additional nutrient management tools, including the
5147 use of controlled release fertilizer, which can be used by
5148 agricultural producers as part of an agricultural best
5149 management practices program. The development of such tools
5150 shall reflect a balance between water quality improvements and
5151 agricultural productivity and, where applicable, shall be
5152 incorporated into revised best-management practices adopted by
5153 rule of the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
5154 (3) The department shall as a part of the rules developed
5155 for this part include provisions that allow for the variance of
5156 the compliance deadlines provided for in s. 369.404(2)(b). Such
5157 variance shall, at a minimum, be based on the financial ability
5158 of the responsible county or municipality to meet the
5159 requirements of this part.
5160 Section 49. Paragraph (m) is added to subsection (9) of
5161 section 259.105, Florida Statutes, to read:
5162 259.105 The Florida Forever Act.—
5163 (9) The Acquisition and Restoration Council shall recommend
5164 rules for adoption by the board of trustees to competitively
5165 evaluate, select, and rank projects eligible for Florida Forever
5166 funds pursuant to paragraph (3)(b) and for additions to the
5167 Conservation and Recreation Lands list pursuant to ss. 259.032
5168 and 259.101(4). In developing these proposed rules, the
5169 Acquisition and Restoration Council shall give weight to the
5170 following criteria:
5171 (m) Any part of the project area falls within a springs
5172 protection zone as defined by ss. 369.401-369.406.
5173 Section 50. Subsection (6) of section 369.317, Florida
5174 Statutes, is amended to read:
5175 369.317 Wekiva Parkway.—
5176 (6) The Orlando-Orange County Expressway Authority is
5177 hereby granted the authority to act as a third-party acquisition
5178 agent, pursuant to s. 259.041 on behalf of the Board of Trustees
5179 or chapter 373 on behalf of the governing board of the St. Johns
5180 River Water Management District, for the acquisition of all
5181 necessary lands, property and all interests in property
5182 identified herein, including fee simple or less-than-fee simple
5183 interests. The lands subject to this authority are identified in
5184 paragraph 10.a., State of Florida, Office of the Governor,
5185 Executive Order 03-112 of July 1, 2003, and in Recommendation 16
5186 of the Wekiva Basin Area Task Force created by Executive Order
5187 2002-259, such lands otherwise known as Neighborhood Lakes, a
5188 1,587+/- acre parcel located in Orange and Lake Counties within
5189 Sections 27, 28, 33, and 34 of Township 19 South, Range 28 East,
5190 and Sections 3, 4, 5, and 9 of Township 20 South, Range 28 East;
5191 Seminole Woods/Swamp, a 5,353+/- acre parcel located in Lake
5192 County within Section 37, Township 19 South, Range 28 East; New
5193 Garden Coal; a 1,605+/- acre parcel in Lake County within
5194 Sections 23, 25, 26, 35, and 36, Township 19 South, Range 28
5195 East; Pine Plantation, a 617+/- acre tract consisting of eight
5196 individual parcels within the Apopka City limits. The Department
5197 of Transportation, the Department of Environmental Protection,
5198 the St. Johns River Water Management District, and other land
5199 acquisition entities shall participate and cooperate in
5200 providing information and support to the third-party acquisition
5201 agent. The land acquisition process authorized by this paragraph
5202 shall begin no later than December 31, 2004. Acquisition of the
5203 properties identified as Neighborhood Lakes, Pine Plantation,
5204 and New Garden Coal, or approval as a mitigation bank shall be
5205 concluded no later than December 31, 2010. Department of
5206 Transportation and Orlando-Orange County Expressway Authority
5207 funds expended to purchase an interest in those lands identified
5208 in this subsection shall be eligible as environmental mitigation
5209 for road construction related impacts in the Wekiva Study Area.
5210 If any of the lands identified in this subsection are used as
5211 environmental mitigation for road construction related impacts
5212 incurred by the Department of Transportation or Orlando-Orange
5213 County Expressway Authority, or for other impacts incurred by
5214 other entities, within the Wekiva Study Area or within the
5215 Wekiva parkway alignment corridor, and if the mitigation offsets
5216 these impacts, the St. Johns River Water Management District and
5217 the Department of Environmental Protection shall consider the
5218 activity regulated under part IV of chapter 373 to meet the
5219 cumulative impact requirements of s. 373.414(8)(a).
5220 Section 51. Section 373.631, Florida Statutes, is created
5221 to read:
5222 373.631 Water advisory entities.—It is the intent of the
5223 Legislature to utilize academic entities within universities in
5224 the State University System as advisory bodies to provide
5225 recommendations based on the best scientific data available to
5226 the Legislature to guide water policy in the state. In
5227 consideration of preference given to such universities in s.
5228 373.63, the University of Florida Water Institute shall be the
5229 lead entity and, in consultation with other entities within the
5230 State University System, shall submit a report detailing
5231 recommendations to the Legislature by February 1, 2011, and by
5232 February 1 every 2 years thereafter.
5233 Section 52. Paragraph (m) is added to subsection (1) of
5234 section 553.77, Florida Statutes, to read:
5235 553.77 Specific powers of the commission.—
5236 (1) The commission shall:
5237 (m) Develop recommendations that result in conservation of
5238 Florida’s water resources. The commission must consider products
5239 that exceed National Energy Policy Act requirements for water
5240 use and may consider products certified by the Environmental
5241 Protection Agency’s WaterSense program, the Department of
5242 Energy’s Energy Star program, or other certification programs.
5243 Section 53. Subsection (20) is added to section 215.47,
5244 Florida Statutes, to read:
5245 215.47 Investments; authorized securities; loan of
5246 securities.—Subject to the limitations and conditions of the
5247 State Constitution or of the trust agreement relating to a trust
5248 fund, moneys available for investments under ss. 215.44-215.53
5249 may be invested as follows:
5250 (20) The State Board of Administration, consistent with its
5251 fiduciary duties, may invest net assets of the system trust fund
5252 in projects deemed eligible under the provisions of s. 373.707.
5253 Section 54. Subsection (8) is added to section 373.129,
5254 Florida Statutes, to read:
5255 373.129 Maintenance of actions.—The department, the
5256 governing board of any water management district, any local
5257 board, or a local government to which authority has been
5258 delegated pursuant to s. 373.103(8), is authorized to commence
5259 and maintain proper and necessary actions and proceedings in any
5260 court of competent jurisdiction for any of the following
5262 (8) In conflicts arising where a water management district
5263 is a party to litigation against another governmental entity, as
5264 defined in s. 164.1031, a district has an affirmative duty to
5265 engage in alternative dispute resolution in good faith as
5266 required by chapter 164.
5267 Section 55. Paragraph (b) of subsection (9) of section
5268 403.707, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
5269 403.707 Permits.—
5270 (9) The department shall establish a separate category for
5271 solid waste management facilities that accept only construction
5272 and demolition debris for disposal or recycling. The department
5273 shall establish a reasonable schedule for existing facilities to
5274 comply with this section to avoid undue hardship to such
5275 facilities. However, a permitted solid waste disposal unit that
5276 receives a significant amount of waste prior to the compliance
5277 deadline established in this schedule shall not be required to
5278 be retrofitted with liners or leachate control systems.
5279 (b) The department shall not require liners and leachate
5280 collection systems at individual disposal units constructed
5281 after July 1, 2010. facilities unless it demonstrates, based
5282 upon the types of waste received, the methods for controlling
5283 types of waste disposed of, the proximity of groundwater and
5284 surface water, and the results of the hydrogeological and
5285 geotechnical investigations, that the facility is reasonably
5286 expected to result in violations of groundwater standards and
5287 criteria otherwise.
5288 Section 56. Subsection (2) of section 298.66, Florida
5289 Statutes, is amended to read:
5290 298.66 Obstruction of drainage canals, etc., prohibited;
5291 damages; penalties.—No person may willfully, or otherwise,
5292 obstruct any canal, drain, ditch or watercourse or damage or
5293 destroy any drainage works constructed in any district.
5294 (2) Whoever shall willfully or otherwise obstruct any
5295 canal, drain, ditch, or watercourse, or impede or obstruct the
5296 flow of water therein, or shall damage or destroy any drainage
5297 works constructed in by any district shall be guilty of a felony
5298 of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s.
5299 775.083, or s. 775.084.
5300 Section 57. Subsection (9) is added to section 212.055,
5301 Florida Statutes, to read:
5302 212.055 Discretionary sales surtaxes; legislative intent;
5303 authorization and use of proceeds.—It is the legislative intent
5304 that any authorization for imposition of a discretionary sales
5305 surtax shall be published in the Florida Statutes as a
5306 subsection of this section, irrespective of the duration of the
5307 levy. Each enactment shall specify the types of counties
5308 authorized to levy; the rate or rates which may be imposed; the
5309 maximum length of time the surtax may be imposed, if any; the
5310 procedure which must be followed to secure voter approval, if
5311 required; the purpose for which the proceeds may be expended;
5312 and such other requirements as the Legislature may provide.
5313 Taxable transactions and administrative procedures shall be as
5314 provided in s. 212.054.
5315 (9) AREA OF CRITICAL STATE CONCERN WASTEWATER AND
5316 STORMWATER SURTAX.—
5317 (a) A county designated as an area of critical state
5318 concern may levy a discretionary sales surtax of 1 percent
5319 pursuant to an ordinance that is enacted by a majority of the
5320 members of the county governing authority and is conditioned to
5321 take effect only upon approval by a majority vote of the
5322 electors of the county voting in a referendum.
5323 (b) The referendum to be placed on the ballot must include
5324 a statement that provides a brief and general description of the
5325 purposes for which the proceeds of the surtax may be used. The
5326 statement must conform to the requirement of s. 101.161 and
5327 shall be placed on the ballot by the governing body of the
5328 county. The following question shall be placed on the ballot:
5329 FOR the one-cent sales tax
5330 AGAINST the one-cent sales tax
5331 (c) Pursuant to s. 212.054(4), the proceeds of the surtax
5332 levied under this subsection shall be distributed to the county
5333 and the municipalities within such county in which the surtax
5334 was collected, according to:
5335 1. An interlocal agreement between the county governing
5336 authority and the governing bodies of the municipalities
5337 representing a majority of the county’s municipal population,
5338 which agreement may include a school district with the consent
5339 of the county governing authority and the governing bodies of
5340 the municipalities representing a majority of the county’s
5341 municipal population; or
5342 2. If there is no interlocal agreement, according to the
5343 formula provided in s. 218.62, any change in the distribution
5344 formula must take effect on the first day of any month that
5345 begins at least 60 days after written notification of that
5346 change has been made to the department.
5347 (d) The proceeds of the surtax and any interest accrued
5348 thereto may be expended within the county and municipalities for
5349 the purposes of servicing existing bond and state revolving loan
5350 fund indebtedness to finance, plan, construct, upgrade,
5351 reconstruct or renovate wastewater and stormwater collection and
5352 treatment infrastructure; and to finance, plan, construct,
5353 upgrade, reconstruct or renovate, wastewater and stormwater
5354 collection and treatment infrastructure; fixed capital costs
5355 associated with the construction, upgrade, reconstruction,
5356 renovation, expansion or improvement of wastewater and
5357 stormwater facilities which has a useful life expectancy of at
5358 least 5 years; land acquisition, land improvement, design, and
5359 engineering costs related thereto. The proceeds of the surtax
5360 must be set aside and invested as permitted by law, with the
5361 principal and income to be used for the purposes provided in
5362 this subsection. Counties and municipalities receiving proceeds
5363 under the provisions of this subsection may pledge such proceeds
5364 for the purpose of servicing new bond or state revolving loan
5365 indebtedness incurred pursuant to law. Counties and
5366 municipalities may use the services of the Division of Bond
5367 Finance of the State Board of Administration pursuant to the
5368 State Bond Act to issue any bonds through the provisions of this
5369 subsection. Counties and municipalities may join together for
5370 the issuance of bonds authorized by this subsection.
5371 (e) A surtax imposed under this subsection expires 20 years
5372 after the effective date of the surtax unless reenacted by an
5373 ordinance that is subject to approval by a majority of the
5374 electors of the county voting in a subsequent referendum.
5375 (f) This subsection shall be liberally construed to achieve
5376 its purpose.
5377 Section 58. This act shall take effect July 1, 2010.