July 12, 2020
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The Florida Statutes

The 2001 Florida Statutes

Title X
Public Officers, Employees, And Records
Chapter 120
Administrative Procedure Act
View Entire Chapter
Section 120.545, Florida Statutes 2001

120.545  Committee review of agency rules.--

(1)  As a legislative check on legislatively created authority, the committee shall examine each proposed rule, except for those proposed rules exempted by s. 120.81(1)(e) and (2), and its accompanying material, and each emergency rule, and may examine any existing rule, for the purpose of determining whether:

(a)  The rule is an invalid exercise of delegated legislative authority.

(b)  The statutory authority for the rule has been repealed.

(c)  The rule reiterates or paraphrases statutory material.

(d)  The rule is in proper form.

(e)  The notice given prior to its adoption was sufficient to give adequate notice of the purpose and effect of the rule.

(f)  The rule is consistent with expressed legislative intent pertaining to the specific provisions of law which the rule implements.

(g)  The rule is necessary to accomplish the apparent or expressed objectives of the specific provision of law which the rule implements.

(h)  The rule is a reasonable implementation of the law as it affects the convenience of the general public or persons particularly affected by the rule.

(i)  The rule could be made less complex or more easily comprehensible to the general public.

(j)  The rule does not impose regulatory costs on the regulated person, county, or city which could be reduced by the adoption of less costly alternatives that substantially accomplish the statutory objectives.

(k)  The rule will require additional appropriations.

(l)  If the rule is an emergency rule, there exists an emergency justifying the promulgation of such rule, the agency has exceeded the scope of its statutory authority, and the rule was promulgated in compliance with the requirements and limitations of s. 120.54(4).

(2)  The committee may request from an agency such information as is reasonably necessary for examination of a rule as required by subsection (1). The committee shall consult with legislative standing committees with jurisdiction over the subject areas. If the committee objects to an emergency rule or a proposed or existing rule, it shall, within 5 days of the objection, certify that fact to the agency whose rule has been examined and include with the certification a statement detailing its objections with particularity. The committee shall notify the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate of any objection to an agency rule concurrent with certification of that fact to the agency. Such notice shall include a copy of the rule and the statement detailing the committee's objections to the rule.

(3)  Within 30 days of receipt of the objection, if the agency is headed by an individual, or within 45 days of receipt of the objection, if the agency is headed by a collegial body, the agency shall:

(a)  If the rule is a proposed rule:

1.  Modify the rule to meet the committee's objection;

2.  Withdraw the rule in its entirety; or

3.  Refuse to modify or withdraw the rule.

(b)  If the rule is an existing rule:

1.  Notify the committee that it has elected to amend the rule to meet the committee's objection and initiate the amendment procedure;

2.  Notify the committee that it has elected to repeal the rule and initiate the repeal procedure; or

3.  Notify the committee that it refuses to amend or repeal the rule.

(c)  If the rule is either an existing or a proposed rule and the objection is to the statement of estimated regulatory costs:

1.  Prepare a corrected statement of estimated regulatory costs, give notice of the availability of the corrected statement in the first available issue of the Florida Administrative Weekly, and file a copy of the corrected statement with the committee; or

2.  Notify the committee that it refuses to prepare a corrected statement of estimated regulatory costs.

(4)  If the agency elects to modify a proposed rule to meet the committee's objection, it shall make only such modifications as are necessary to meet the objection and shall resubmit the rule to the committee. The agency shall give notice of its election to modify a proposed rule to meet the committee's objection by publishing a notice of change in the first available issue of the Florida Administrative Weekly, but shall not be required to conduct a public hearing. If the agency elects to amend an existing rule to meet the committee's objection, it shall notify the committee in writing and shall initiate the amendment procedure by giving notice in the next available issue of the Florida Administrative Weekly. The committee shall give priority to rules so modified or amended when setting its agenda.

(5)  If the agency elects to withdraw a proposed rule as a result of a committee objection, it shall notify the committee, in writing, of its election and shall give notice of the withdrawal in the next available issue of the Florida Administrative Weekly. The rule shall be withdrawn without a public hearing, effective upon publication of the notice in the Florida Administrative Weekly. If the agency elects to repeal an existing rule as a result of a committee objection, it shall notify the committee, in writing, of its election and shall initiate rulemaking procedures for that purpose by giving notice in the next available issue of the Florida Administrative Weekly.

(6)  If an agency elects to amend or repeal an existing rule as a result of a committee objection, it shall complete the process within 90 days after giving notice in the Florida Administrative Weekly.

(7)  Failure of the agency to respond to a committee objection to a proposed rule within the time prescribed in subsection (3) shall constitute withdrawal of the rule in its entirety. In this event, the committee shall notify the Department of State that the agency, by its failure to respond to a committee objection, has elected to withdraw the proposed rule. Upon receipt of the committee's notice, the Department of State shall publish a notice to that effect in the next available issue of the Florida Administrative Weekly. Upon publication of the notice, the proposed rule shall be stricken from the files of the Department of State and the files of the agency.

(8)  Failure of the agency to respond to a committee objection to an existing rule within the time prescribed in subsection (3) shall constitute a refusal to repeal the rule.

(9)  If the committee objects to a proposed or existing rule and the agency refuses to modify, amend, withdraw, or repeal the rule, the committee shall file with the Department of State a notice of the objection, detailing with particularity its objection to the rule. The Department of State shall publish this notice in the Florida Administrative Weekly and shall publish, as a history note to the rule in the Florida Administrative Code, a reference to the committee's objection and to the issue of the Weekly in which the full text thereof appears.

(10)(a)  If the committee objects to a proposed or existing rule, or portion thereof, and the agency fails to initiate administrative action to modify, amend, withdraw, or repeal the rule consistent with the objection within 60 days after the objection, or thereafter fails to proceed in good faith to complete such action, the committee may submit to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives a recommendation that legislation be introduced to modify or suspend the adoption of the proposed rule, or amend or repeal the rule, or portion thereof.

(b)1.  If the committee votes to recommend the introduction of legislation to modify or suspend the adoption of a proposed rule, or amend or repeal a rule, the committee shall, within 5 days after this determination, certify that fact to the agency whose rule or proposed rule has been examined. The committee may request that the agency temporarily suspend the rule or suspend the adoption of the proposed rule, pending consideration of proposed legislation during the next regular session of the Legislature.

2.  Within 30 days after receipt of the certification, if the agency is headed by an individual, or within 45 days after receipt of the certification, if the agency is headed by a collegial body, the agency shall either:

a.  Temporarily suspend the rule or suspend the adoption of the proposed rule; or

b.  Notify the committee in writing that it refuses to temporarily suspend the rule or suspend the adoption of the proposed rule.

3.  If the agency elects to temporarily suspend the rule or suspend the adoption of the proposed rule, it shall give notice of the suspension in the Florida Administrative Weekly. The rule or the rule adoption process shall be suspended upon publication of the notice. An agency shall not base any agency action on a suspended rule or suspended proposed rule, or portion thereof, prior to expiration of the suspension. A suspended rule or suspended proposed rule, or portion thereof, continues to be subject to administrative determination and judicial review as provided by law.

4.  Failure of an agency to respond to committee certification within the time prescribed by subparagraph 2. constitutes a refusal to suspend the rule or to suspend the adoption of the proposed rule.

(c)  The committee shall prepare bills to modify or suspend the adoption of the proposed rule or amend or repeal the rule, or portion thereof, in accordance with the rules of the Senate and the House of Representatives for prefiling and introduction in the next regular session of the Legislature. The proposed bill shall be presented to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives with the committee recommendation.

(d)  If a bill to suspend the adoption of a proposed rule is enacted into law, the proposed rule is suspended until specific delegated legislative authority for the proposed rule has been enacted. If a bill to suspend the adoption of a proposed rule fails to become law, any temporary agency suspension of the rule shall expire. If a bill to modify a proposed rule or amend a rule is enacted into law, the suspension shall expire upon publication of notice of modification or amendment in the Florida Administrative Weekly. If a bill to repeal a rule is enacted into law, the suspension shall remain in effect until notification of repeal of the rule is published in the Florida Administrative Weekly.

(e)  The Department of State shall publish in the next available issue of the Florida Administrative Weekly the final legislative action taken. If a bill to modify or suspend the adoption of the proposed rule or amend or repeal the rule, or portion thereof, is enacted into law, the Department of State shall conform the rule or portion of the rule to the provisions of the law in the Florida Administrative Code and publish a reference to the law as a history note to the rule.

History.--s. 4, ch. 76-131; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 6, ch. 80-391; s. 3, ch. 81-309; s. 4, ch. 87-385; s. 8, ch. 92-166; s. 20, ch. 95-280; s. 14, ch. 96-159; s. 16, ch. 2000-151.

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