Section 381.89, Florida Statutes 2003
381.89 Regulation of tanning facilities.--
(1) As used in this section:
(a) "Tanning facility" means a place of business which provides access to a tanning device by customers.
(b) "Department" means the Department of Health.
(c) "Tanning device" means equipment that emits electromagnetic radiation of wavelengths between 200 and 400 nanometers and that is used for tanning the skin, including a sunlamp, tanning booth, or tanning bed or any accompanying equipment.
(2) This section does not apply to a tanning facility that uses only phototherapy devices that emit ultraviolet radiation which are used only by or under the direct supervision of a physician licensed under chapter 458 or an osteopathic physician licensed under chapter 459.
(3)(a) A person may not operate a tanning facility unless it is licensed under this section.
(b) The department shall establish procedures for the issuance and annual renewal of licenses and shall establish annual license and renewal fees in an amount necessary to cover the expenses of administering this section. Annual license and renewal fees shall be not less than $125 nor more than $250 per tanning device. Effective October 1, 1991, the fee amount shall be the minimum fee proscribed in this paragraph and such fee amount shall remain in effect until the effective date of a fee schedule adopted by the department.
(c) The department may adopt a system under which licenses expire on staggered dates and the annual renewal fees are prorated monthly to reflect the actual number of months the license is valid.
(d) The department may cancel, revoke, or suspend a license to operate a tanning facility if the licensee:
1. Fails to pay any fee required by this section;
2. Obtains or attempts to obtain a license by fraud; or
3. Violates a provision of this section.
(4)(a) A tanning facility must give each customer a written warning that states that:
1. Not wearing the provided eye protection can cause damage to the eyes.
2. Overexposure causes burns.
3. Repeated exposure can cause premature aging of the skin or skin cancer.
4. Abnormal skin sensitivity or burning may be caused by certain foods, cosmetics, or medications, including, without limitation, tranquilizers, diuretics, antibiotics, high blood pressure medicines, or birth control pills.
5. Any person who takes a prescription or over-the-counter medication should consult a physician before using a tanning device.
6. It does not carry liability insurance for injuries caused by tanning devices or states the limits of any liability insurance it carries.
(b) A tanning facility must have a copy of the facility's most recent inspection report available to the public and must post a warning sign in any area where a tanning device is used. Posting this sign does not absolve the facility of any liability. The sign must state:
DANGER, ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION
Follow these instructions:
1. Avoid frequent or lengthy exposure. As with natural sunlight, exposure can cause eye and skin injury or allergic reactions. Repeated exposure can cause chronic sun damage characterized by wrinkling, dryness, fragility and bruising of the skin or skin cancer.
2. Wear protective eyewear. FAILURE TO USE PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR CAN RESULT IN SEVERE BURNS OR LONG-TERM INJURY TO THE EYES.
3. Ultraviolet radiation from sunlamps will aggravate the effects of the sun. Therefore, do not sunbathe before or after exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
4. Using medications or cosmetics can increase your sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation. Consult a physician before using a sunlamp if you are using medications, have a history of skin problems, or believe you are especially sensitive to sunlight. Women who are pregnant or on birth control who use this product can develop discolored skin. IF YOU DO NOT TAN IN THE SUN YOU WILL NOT TAN BY USING THIS DEVICE.
(5) A tanning facility may not claim or distribute promotional materials that claim a tanning device is safe or free from risk.
(6) A tanning facility must:
(a) During operating hours, have an operator present who is sufficiently knowledgeable and trained in accordance with rules of the department in the correct operation of the tanning devices to inform and assist each customer in the proper use of the devices.
(b) Before each use of a tanning device:
1. Properly sanitize that tanning device equipment, including, without limitation, handrails, headrests, and bed surfaces; and
2. Provide a customer with properly sanitized protective eyewear that protects the eye from ultraviolet radiation and allows adequate vision to maintain balance.
(c) Show each customer how to use suitable physical aids, such as handrails and floor markings, to maintain proper exposure distances recommended by the manufacturer.
(d) Use a timer on each tanning device which is accurate for any selected time interval to plus or minus 10 percent.
(e) Limit each customer to the maximum exposure time recommended by the manufacturer of the tanning device.
(f) Maintain the interior temperature of the tanning facility below 100 °F.
(g) Each time a person uses a tanning facility or executes or renews a contract to use a tanning facility, have the person sign a written statement acknowledging that he or she has read and understands the warnings before using the device and that he or she agrees to use the protective eyewear.
(h) Display its license in a public area of the tanning facility.
(i) Report any injury or any complaint of injury to the department on forms prescribed by the department and provide a copy of the report to the complainant. The department shall send to the federal Food and Drug Administration a copy of any report of an injury occurring in a tanning facility.
(j) Keep a record, for a period of not less than 4 years, of each customer's use of a tanning device.
(7) A tanning facility may not allow a minor between the ages of 14 and 18 to use a tanning device unless it has on file a statement signed by the minor's parent or legal guardian stating that the parent or legal guardian has read and understands the warnings given by the tanning facility, consents to the minor's use of a tanning device, and agrees that the minor will use the provided protective eyewear.
(8) A minor under the age of 14 must be accompanied by a parent or legal guardian when using a tanning device.
(9) The department shall inspect or investigate a tanning facility as necessary but at least annually.
(a) Each of the following acts constitutes a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083:
1. Owning or operating, or soliciting business as, a tanning facility in this state without first procuring a license from the department, unless specifically exempted by this section.
2. Obtaining or attempting to obtain a license by means of fraud, misrepresentation, or concealment.
(b) Each of the following acts constitutes a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083:
1. Failing to maintain the records required by this section or knowingly making false entries in such records.
2. Failing to comply with subsection (7) or subsection (8).
(c) The court may, in addition to other punishment provided for, suspend or revoke the license of any licensee under this section who has been found guilty of any violation listed in paragraph (a) or paragraph (b).
(d) In the event the department or any state attorney shall have probable cause to believe that a tanning facility or other person has violated any provision of paragraph (a), an action may be brought by the department or any state attorney to enjoin such tanning facility or any person from continuing such violation, or engaging therein or doing any acts in furtherance thereof, and for such other relief as to the court seems appropriate.
(11)(a) The department may impose an administrative fine not to exceed $1,000 per violation per day, for the violation of any provision of this section, rule adopted under this section, or term or condition of any license issued by the department.
(b) In determining the amount of fine to be levied for a violation, as provided in paragraph (a), the following factors shall be considered:
1. The severity of the violation and the extent to which the provisions of this act, the rules adopted under this act, or any terms or conditions of any license were violated.
2. Actions taken by the licensee to correct the violation.
3. Any previous violations by the licensee.
(12) The department may institute legal action for injunctive or other relief to enforce this section. If a tanning facility or other person violates this section or any rule adopted under this section, the department may issue a stop-use order, as prescribed by rule, to remove a tanning device from service.
(13) The department shall adopt rules to administer this section. The rules may include, but need not be limited to, requirements for training tanning facility operators and employees; definitions of terms; the approval of training courses; safety; plan review; and the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and cleanliness of tanning facilities and tanning devices.
History.--ss. 1, 2, ch. 91-212; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 20, ch. 97-96; s. 53, ch. 97-237; s. 15, ch. 98-151; s. 16, ch. 2000-242.
Note.--Former s. 402.61.