Section 395.003, Florida Statutes 2003
395.003 Licensure; issuance, renewal, denial, modification, suspension, and revocation.--
(1)(a) No person shall establish, conduct, or maintain a hospital, ambulatory surgical center, or mobile surgical facility in this state without first obtaining a license under this part.
(b)1. It is unlawful for any person to use or advertise to the public, in any way or by any medium whatsoever, any facility as a "hospital," "ambulatory surgical center," or "mobile surgical facility" unless such facility has first secured a license under the provisions of this part.
2. Nothing in this part applies to veterinary hospitals or to commercial business establishments using the word "hospital," "ambulatory surgical center," or "mobile surgical facility" as a part of a trade name if no treatment of human beings is performed on the premises of such establishments.
(2)(a) Upon the receipt of an application for a license and the license fee, the agency shall issue a license if the applicant and facility have received all approvals required by law and meet the requirements established under this part and in rules. Such license shall include all beds and services located on the premises of the facility.
(b) A provisional license may be issued to a new facility or a facility that is in substantial compliance with this part and with the rules of the agency. A provisional license shall be granted for a period of no more than 1 year and shall expire automatically at the end of its term. A provisional license may not be renewed.
(c) A license, unless sooner suspended or revoked, shall automatically expire 2 years from the date of issuance and shall be renewable biennially upon application for renewal and payment of the fee prescribed by s. 395.004(2), provided the applicant and licensed facility meet the requirements established under this part and in rules. An application for renewal of a license shall be made 90 days prior to expiration of the license, on forms provided by the agency.
(d) The agency shall, at the request of a licensee, issue a single license to a licensee for facilities located on separate premises. Such a license shall specifically state the location of the facilities, the services, and the licensed beds available on each separate premises. If a licensee requests a single license, the licensee shall designate which facility or office is responsible for receipt of information, payment of fees, service of process, and all other activities necessary for the agency to carry out the provisions of this part.
(e) The agency shall, at the request of a licensee that is a teaching hospital as defined in s. 408.07(44), issue a single license to a licensee for facilities that have been previously licensed as separate premises, provided such separately licensed facilities, taken together, constitute the same premises as defined in s. 395.002(24). Such license for the single premises shall include all of the beds, services, and programs that were previously included on the licenses for the separate premises. The granting of a single license under this paragraph shall not in any manner reduce the number of beds, services, or programs operated by the licensee.
(f) Intensive residential treatment programs for children and adolescents which have received accreditation from the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and which meet the minimum standards developed by rule of the agency for such programs shall be licensed by the agency under this part.
(3)(a) Each license shall be valid only for the person to whom it is issued and shall not be sold, assigned, or otherwise transferred, voluntarily or involuntarily. A license is only valid for the premises for which it was originally issued.
(b)1. An application for a new license is required if ownership, a majority of the ownership, or controlling interest of a licensed facility is transferred or assigned and when a lessee agrees to undertake or provide services to the extent that legal liability for operation of the facility rests with the lessee. The application for a new license showing such change shall be made at least 60 days prior to the date of the sale, transfer, assignment, or lease.
2. The transferee shall be liable for any liability to the state, regardless of when identified, resulting from changes to allowable costs affecting provider reimbursement for Medicaid participation or Public Medical Assistance Trust Fund Assessments, and related administrative fines. The transferee, simultaneously with the transfer of ownership, shall pay or make arrangements to pay to the agency or the department any amount owed to the agency or the department; payment assurances may be in the form of an irrevocable credit instrument or payment bond acceptable to the agency or the department provided by or on behalf of the transferor. The issuance of a license to the transferee shall be delayed pending payment or until arrangement for payment acceptable to the agency or the department is made.
(4) The agency shall issue a license which specifies the service categories and the number of hospital beds in each bed category for which a license is received. Such information shall be listed on the face of the license. All beds which are not covered by any specialty-bed-need methodology shall be specified as general beds. A licensed facility shall not operate a number of hospital beds greater than the number indicated by the agency on the face of the license without approval from the agency under conditions established by rule.
(5)(a) Adherence to patient rights, standards of care, and examination and placement procedures provided under part I of chapter 394 shall be a condition of licensure for hospitals providing voluntary or involuntary medical or psychiatric observation, evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment.
(b) Any hospital that provides psychiatric treatment to persons under 18 years of age who have emotional disturbances shall comply with the procedures pertaining to the rights of patients prescribed in part I of chapter 394.
(6) No specialty hospital shall provide any service or regularly serve any population group beyond those services or groups specified in its license.
(7) Licenses shall be posted in a conspicuous place on each of the licensed premises.
(8) Whenever the agency finds that there has been a substantial failure to comply with the requirements established under this part or in rules, the agency is authorized to deny, modify, suspend, or revoke:
(a) A license;
(b) That part of a license which is limited to a separate premises, as designated on the license; or
(c) Licensure approval limited to a facility, building, or portion thereof, or a service, within a given premises.
History.--ss. 26, 30, ch. 82-182; s. 47, ch. 83-218; s. 4, ch. 83-244; ss. 34, 40, ch. 87-92; ss. 4, 98, ch. 92-289; s. 29, ch. 96-169; s. 3, ch. 98-303; s. 5, ch. 2002-400.