August 14, 2020
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The Florida Statutes

The 2001 Florida Statutes

Title XXXI
Chapter 440
Workers' Compensation
View Entire Chapter
Section 440.381, Florida Statutes 2001

440.381  Application for coverage; reporting payroll; payroll audit procedures; penalties.--

(1)  Applications by an employer to a carrier for coverage required by s. 440.38 must be made on a form prescribed by the Department of Insurance. The Department of Insurance shall adopt rules for applications for coverage required by s. 440.38. The rules must provide that an application include information on the employer, the type of business, past and prospective payroll, estimated revenue, previous workers' compensation experience, employee classification, employee names, and any other information necessary to enable a carrier to accurately underwrite the applicant. The rules must include a provision that a carrier or self-insurance fund may require that an employer update an application monthly to reflect any change in the required application information.

(2)  The application must contain a statement that the filing of an application containing false, misleading, or incomplete information with the purpose of avoiding or reducing the amount of premiums for workers' compensation coverage is a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. The application must contain a sworn statement by the employer attesting to the accuracy of the information submitted and acknowledging the provisions of former s. 440.37(4).

(3)  The Department of Insurance and the Department of Labor and Employment Security shall establish by rule minimum requirements for audits of payroll and classifications in order to ensure that the appropriate premium is charged for workers' compensation coverage. The rules shall ensure that audits performed by both carriers and employers are adequate to provide that all sources of payments to employees, subcontractors, and independent contractors have been reviewed and that the accuracy of classification of employees has been verified. The rules shall provide that employers in all classes other than the construction class be audited not less frequently than biennially and may provide for more frequent audits of employers in specified classifications based on factors such as amount of premium, type of business, loss ratios, or other relevant factors. In no event shall employers in the construction class, generating more than the amount of premium required to be experience rated, be audited less than annually. The annual audits required for construction classes shall consist of physical onsite audits. Payroll verification audit rules must include, but need not be limited to, the use of state and federal reports of employee income, payroll and other accounting records, certificates of insurance maintained by subcontractors, and duties of employees.

(4)  Each employer shall submit a copy of the quarterly earning report required by chapter 443 at the end of each quarter to the carrier and submit self-audits supported by the quarterly earnings reports required by chapter 443 and the rules of the Division of Unemployment Compensation. Such reports shall include a sworn statement by an officer or principal of the employer attesting to the accuracy of the information contained in the report.

(5)  Employers shall make available all records necessary for the payroll verification audit and permit the auditor to make a physical inspection of the employer's operation. If the employer fails upon request of the auditor to provide access to the documents specified in this section and the carrier cannot complete the audit as a result, the employer shall pay $500 to the carrier to defray the costs of the audits.

(6)  If an employer intentionally understates or conceals payroll, or misrepresents or conceals employee duties so as to avoid proper classification for premium calculations, or misrepresents or conceals information pertinent to the computation and application of an experience rating modification factor, the employer, or the employer's agent or attorney, shall pay to the insurance carrier a penalty of 10 times the amount of the difference in premium paid and the amount the employer should have paid and reasonable attorney's fees. The penalty may be enforced in the circuit courts of this state.

(7)  If an employee suffering a compensable injury was not reported as earning wages on the last quarterly earnings report filed with the Division of Unemployment Compensation before the accident, the employer shall indemnify the carrier for all workers' compensation benefits paid to or on behalf of the employee unless the employer establishes that the employee was hired after the filing of the quarterly report, in which case the employer and employee shall attest to the fact that the employee was employed by the employer at the time of the injury. It shall be the responsibility of the Division of Workers' Compensation to collect all necessary data so as to enable it to notify the carrier of the name of an injured worker who was not reported as earning wages on the last quarterly earnings report. The division is hereby authorized to release such records to the carrier which will enable the carrier to seek reimbursement as provided under this subsection. Failure of the employer to indemnify the insurer within 21 days after demand by the insurer shall constitute grounds for the insurer to immediately cancel coverage. Any action for indemnification brought by the carrier shall be cognizable in the circuit court having jurisdiction where the employer or carrier resides or transacts business. The insurer shall be entitled to a reasonable attorney's fee if it recovers any portion of the benefits paid in such action.

(8)  If an employer fails to provide reasonable access to payroll records for a payroll verification audit, the employer shall pay a premium to the carrier or self-insurer not to exceed three times the most recent estimated annual premium.

History.--s. 32, ch. 90-201; s. 30, ch. 91-1; s. 37, ch. 93-415; s. 122, ch. 97-103; s. 66, ch. 2001-62.

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